To evaluate the H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection in cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinoma tissues in residents in Cixian county, a high risk area of esophageal cancer in Hebei province, and to explore the putative role of H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection in the carcinogenesis of adenocarcinoma at different subsites of stomach.
H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (EBV-LMP1) immunopositivities were determined by Elivision(TM) plus immunohistochemical staining in 190 gastric adenocarcinoma tissues including 144 cases of cardiac adenocarcinoma and 46 cases of distal gastric adenocarcinoma. The relationship between H. pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection and the subsite, Laurén type as well as other clinicopathological features of gastric adenocarcinoma were analyzed.
No significant difference was found between the H. pylori detection rates in cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinomas(56.9% vs. 65.2%, P > 0.05). The detection rate of H. pylori in intestinal type was significantly higher than that in the diffuse type distal gastric adenocarcinomas (71.8% vs. 28.6%, P < 0.05). No positive expression of EBV-LMP1 was found in the gastric adenocarcinomas in this study.
No significant differences in H. pylori and EBV-LMP1 infections were found between cardiac and distal gastric adenocarcinomas in Cixian county. H. pylori infection is related with the intestinal type of distal gastric adenocarcinoma.
Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 06/2012; 34(6):446-9.
To analyze the changing trends of frequency and localization of gastric cancers arising from the gastric cardia, corpus and antrum during the past 14 years in population of the high incidence area of esophageal and gastric carcinoma in Hebei province, China.
The clinicopathological data of 4334 cases of gastric carcinomas among the local residents of Cixian and Zanhuang counties, initially diagnosed in our department from 1993 to 2006, were retrospectively analyzed. The proportion of gastric carcinomas arising from the gastric cardia, corpus and antrum in different years and in patients with different sex and ages were analyzed and compared, and the changing trends of the frequency of gastric carcinoma arising from different sites of the stomach were statistically analyzed.
Among all the 4334 gastric carcinomas, gastric cardia carcinoma accounted for 68.0%, significantly higher than that of corpus (24.2%) and antrum (7.9%; chi(2) = 124.396, P < 0.0001). An increasing tendency in the proportion of gastric cardia carcinoma from 1993 to 2006 was seen. The percentage of cardiac carcinoma in the high incidence area of esophageal carcinoma (Cixian county) was higher than that in the high incidence area of gastric cancer (Zanhuang county) (71.2% vs. 51.2%; chi(2) = 109.648, P < 0.0001). The increase in the incidence of cardiac carcinoma in Cixian county was mainly due to the increase of cardiac carcinoma from 1993 to 2006, while the contributing factor for the increase in the proportion of cardiac carcinomas was resulted from the decrease of incidence of antrum carcinoma in Zanhuang county during the same period. The occurring site of gastric carcinoma was related with age of patients (chi(2) = 58.380, P < 0.0001). The percentage of carcinoma of the gastric body was highest in < 50 year age group, while that in the gastric cardia was highest in 61 - 70 year age group (71.6%).
The major occurring site of gastric carcinoma is the gastric cardia among the local residents in population of the high incidence areas of esophageal and gastric carcinomas during the past 14 years in Hebei province, China. The increasing trend of cardiac carcinoma and decreasing trend of corpus carcinoma in Cixian county and antrum carcinoma in Zanhuang county will be maintained in the coming years if the epidemiological conditions will not be changed.
Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 12/2008; 30(11):817-20.
Cixian County is one of the high incidence areas of esophageal carcinoma in China. Up to now, no work has been conducted on the possible etiological role of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection on esophageal carcinoma in this local area. The aim of this study was to explore the putative roles of HPV infection on the esophageal carcinogenesis of the patients in Cixian and to elucidate the possible relationship between HPV existence and fragile histidine triad gene (FHIT gene, a putative tumor suppressor gene), expression in squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus.
The existence of HPV DNA and the expression of FHIT gene at protein level in esophageal carcinoma tissues were determined with PCR and immunohistochemical staining, respectively, in 128 archival paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of esophageal squamous carcinoma from the high incidence area of Cixian and 24 tissue blocks from the non-high incidence area.
PCR results showed that the positive detection rate of HPV in esophageal carcinoma tissues from the high incidence area was 20.3%, which was slightly higher than that from the non-high incidence area (8.3%)(P >0.05). Immunohistochemically, aberrant expression of FHIT gene in esophageal carcinoma tissue was found in 75.6% cases from the high incidence area and only 54.2% from the non-high incidence area, which was significantly lower than that of the former (P< 0.05). No correlation was found between the abnormal expression of FHIT and existence of HPV DNA in esophageal squamous carcinoma tissues.
HPV DNA could be detected in partial esophageal carcinoma cases from the high incidence area of esophageal carcinoma in Cixian. The aberrant expression rate of FHIT protein in the cases from the high incidence area of esophageal carcinoma in Cixian is higher than that from the non-high incidence area.
Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 06/2003; 22(5):492-5.