[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) is defined as marked colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of CPO and the factors associated with the response to medical treatment by using a multicenter database in Korea. CPO was diagnosed as colonic dilatation without mechanical obstruction by using radiologic and/or endoscopic examinations. Acute CPO occurring in the postoperative period in surgical patients or as a response to an acute illness was excluded. CPO cases were identified in 15 tertiary referral hospitals between 2000 and 2011. The patients' data were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. In total, 104 patients (53 men; mean age at diagnosis, 47 yr) were identified. Seventy-seven of 104 patients (74%) showed a transition zone on abdominal computed tomography. Sixty of 104 patients (58%) showed poor responses to medical treatment and underwent surgery at the mean follow-up of 7.4 months (0.5-61 months). Younger age at the time of diagnosis, abdominal distension as a chief complaint, and greater cecal diameter were independently associated with the poor responses to medical treatment. These may be risk factors for a poor response to medical treatment.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 05/2014; 29(5):699-703. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2014.29.5.699 · 1.25 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Researchers have not clearly described the clinical and pathogenetic features of hypoganglionosis and adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease, which cause pseudo-obstruction or intractable constipation. We conducted this study to explore these features of hypoganglionosis and adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease in Korean patients.
We enrolled 24 patients pathologically confirmed as having hypoganglionosis and 11 as having adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease. We recruited 26 subjects who had undergone operation for nonobstructive colon cancer and 45 healthy volunteers as controls. We described their clinical features, investigated ganglion cells and interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and analyzed RET, EDNRB, EDN3, and SOX10 genes.
We classified hypoganglionosis patients into two groups: type I (focal type, n = 13), with focally narrowed transition zone (TZ); and type II (diffuse type, n = 11), without transition zone. Hypoganglionosis patients had significantly fewer ganglion cells than the controls, and those cells were scarcer in the transition zone than in the proximal dilated area (P < 0.05). The ICC numbers in both diseases were significantly lower than in controls; however, they were similar between transition zone and the proximal dilated area in hypoganglionosis. In adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease, two significant intronic RET polymorphic variants, IVS14-24G>A and IVS19+47T>C, were significantly associated with adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease (P = 0.0122 and 0.0295, respectively), but not with hypoganglionosis.
Hypoganglionosis and adult-onset Hirschsprung's disease have different pathophysiologic characteristics, although their clinical presentations are similar. We suggest that there are two subgroups of hypoganglionosis: those with or without a focally narrowed transition zone with a profoundly diminished number of ganglion cells.