[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The use of recombinant T cell receptors (TCRs) to target therapeutic interventions has been hindered by the naturally low affinity of TCR interactions with peptide major histocompatibility complex ligands. Here, we use multimeric forms of soluble heterodimeric alphabeta TCRs for specific detection of target cells pulsed with cognate peptide, discrimination of quantitative changes in antigen display at the cell surface, identification of virus-infected cells, inhibition of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte activation, and identification of cross-reactive peptides. Notably, the A6 TCR specific for the immunodominant HLA A2-restricted human T cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax(11-19) epitope bound to HLA A2-HuD(87-95) (K(D) 120 microm by surface plasmon resonance), an epitope implicated as a causal antigen in the paraneoplastic neurological degenerative disorder anti-Hu syndrome. A mutant A6 TCR that exhibited dramatically increased affinity for cognate antigen (K(D) 2.5 nm) without enhanced cross-reactivity was generated; this TCR demonstrated potent biological activity even as a monomeric molecule. These data provide insights into TCR repertoire selection and delineate a framework for the selective modification of TCRs in vitro that could enable specific therapeutic intervention in vivo.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2005; 280(3):1882-92. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Virus-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses play a pivotal role in limiting viral replication. Alterations in these responses, such as decreased cytolytic function, inappropriate maturation, and limited proliferative ability could reduce their ability to control viral replication. Here, we report on the capacity of HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells to secrete cytokines and proliferate in response to HIV antigen stimulation. We find that a large proportion of HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells that produce cytokines in response to cognate antigen are unable to divide and die during a 48-hour in vitro culture. This lack of proliferative ability of HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells is defined by surface expression of CD57 but not by absence of CD28 or CCR7. This inability to proliferate in response to antigen cannot be overcome by exogenous interleukin-2 (IL-2) or IL-15. Furthermore, CD57 expression on CD8(+) T cells, CD4(+) T cells, and NK cells is a general marker of proliferative inability, a history of more cell divisions, and short telomeres. We suggest, therefore, that the increase in CD57(+) HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells results from chronic antigen stimulation that is a hallmark of HIV infection. Thus, our studies define a phenotype associated with replicative senescence in HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells, which may have broad implications to other conditions associated with chronic antigenic stimulation.