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Publications (4)1.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We prospectively investigated the rates of incidence of surgical site infection (SSI), urinary tract infection (UTI), and remote infection (RI) in 4,677 patients who underwent urological surgery from January to December 2010, including 2,507 endourological cases, 1,276 clean cases, 807 clean-contaminated cases, and 87 contaminated cases involving bowel segments. A single dose of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) was administered in the endourological, clean, and clean-contaminated surgery cases, except for patients who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL). AMP was administered within 72 h in TURP and PNL, and AMP was administered within 48 h in contaminated surgery cases. In cases of endourological surgery, UTI was observed in 4 % and RI in 0 %, and SSI, UTI, and RI were seen in 1 %, 1 %, and 1 %, respectively, of clean surgery cases, in 3 %, 3 %, and 2 %, respectively, of clean-contaminated surgery cases, and in 17 %, 30 %, and 10 %, respectively, of contaminated surgery cases. In multivariate analysis of the risk factors for infection, operative time was a significant risk factor for UTI in endourological surgery, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score and operative time were significant risk factors for RI in clean surgery. No significant risk factor was found in analyses of clean-contaminated and contaminated surgery cases. A single-dose AMP regimen was shown to be effective and feasible for prevention of perioperative infection in urological surgery.
    Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 07/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a multi-institute survey on the conditions related to urologic management of severe voiding dysfunction after hysterectomy for uterine cancer with or without postoperative irradiation. Our first study population was a group of adult female patients currently managed by urologists, using clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). Of the 287 patients in this group, 99 (34%) had suffered from uterine cancer. Of these patients, 94 underwent hysterectomy for this disease; 44 and 30 were treated with or without postoperative radiation, respectively, while postoperative irradiation status was unknown for 20. Median follow-up after surgery was 21 (0.2-52) years and median interval from operation to the introduction of CIC was 4.0 (0-49) years. CIC tended to be introduced later for patients with postoperative radiation than those without it. Seventy-four patients, who required invasive urologic interventions other than CIC for voiding dysfunction after hysterectomy, are the second study population. Most of these (82%) had received postoperative irradiation. Continuous Foley catheter placement was the most frequent procedure. Long-term follow-up and urologic management for voiding dysfunction is required for patients undergoing hysterectomy.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 06/2008; 54(6):401-5.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to assess the ability of our protocol for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent perioperative infections in urologic surgery, 1,353 operations of open and laparoscopic urologic surgery conducted in 21 hospitals between September 2002 and August 2003 were subjected to analyses. We classified surgical procedures into four categories by invasiveness and contamination levels: Category A; clean less invasive surgery, Category B; clean invasive or clean-contaminated surgery, Category C; surgery with urinary tract diversion using the intestine. Prophylactic antibiotics were administrated intravenously according to our protocol, such as Category A; first or second generation cephems or penicillins on the operative day only, Category B; first and second generation cephems or penicillins for 3 days, and Category C; first, second or third generation cephems or penicillins for 4 days. The wound conditions and general conditions were evaluated in terms of the surgical site infection (SSI) as well as remote infection (RI) up to postoperative day (POD) 30. The SSI rate highest (23.3%) for surgery with intestinal urinary diversion, followed by 10.0% for surgery for lower urinary tract, 8.9% for nephroureterctomy, and 6.0% for radical prostatectomy. The SSI rates in clean surgery including open and laparoscopic nephrectomy/adrenalectomy were 0.7 and 1.4%, respectively. In SSIs, gram-positive cocci such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (58.8%) or Enterobacter faecalis (26.5%) were the most common pathogen. Similarly, the RI rate was the highest (35.2%) for surgery using intestinal urinary diversion, followed by 16.7% for surgery for lower urinary tract, 11.4% for nephroureterctomy, and 7.6% for radical prostatectomy, while RI rates for clean surgery were less than 5%. RIs most frequently reported were urinary tract infections (2.6%) where Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.3%) and Enterobacter faecalis (15.3%) were the major causative microorganisms. Parameters such as age, obesity, nutritional status (low proteinemia), diabetes mellitus, lung disease, duration of operation, and blood loss volume were recognized as risk factors for SSI or RI in several operative procedures. Postoperative body temperatures, peripheral white blood counts, C reactive protein (CRP) levels in POD 3 were much higher than those in POD 2 in cases suffering from perioperative infections, especially suggesting that CRP could be a predictable marker for perioperative infections.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 11/2004; 50(10):673-83.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of renal artery aneurysm ruptured during pregnancy. A 32-year-old woman presented at 38th week of gestation with left flank pain. We performed a cesarean delivery for fetal distress, and found retroperitoneal hemorrhage. After delivery, she entered a pre-shock state, and abdominal computed tomography and angiography showed a left renal artery aneurysm and hemorrhage from the aneurysm. Left nephrectomy was performed, and both mother and baby were rescued. Renal artery rupture during pregnancy is a fatal event, but with quick diagnosis and adequate treatment, if possible nephron sparing surgery, most patients, including babies, can be rescued.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 03/2003; 49(2):103-6.