[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The main goal in treatment of ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) of the breast is to prevent local recurrences. Radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery has been shown to decrease the recurrence rate, although whether all patients should be treated with radiotherapy remains a topic of debate. The aim of this study was to assess the local recurrence rate after conservative surgical treatment of DCIS without radiotherapy and to identify risk factors for local recurrence.
A total of 499 female patients with 502 DCIS lesions treated in the period 1989 to 2002 were retrospectively reviewed. Survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences were tested by using the log-rank test. The association of variables with local recurrence was analyzed by using the chi2 test.
Treatment constituted of lumpectomy in 329 patients (65%). Thirty-eight patients (8%) had disease-positive margins, and for 41 patients (8%) the margin status was not known. Eighty tumors recurred, for a local recurrence rate of 13% after 4 years compared with 17% for patients treated with breast-conserving surgery only. Risk factors for ipsilateral recurrences were younger age (< 50 years), treatment with breast-conserving surgery only, and presence of disease-involved surgical margins.
Conservative treatment of DCIS results in high recurrences rates, and outcomes can be improved by performing more radical surgery. Because radiotherapy has been shown to be effective in preventing recurrent disease, and, to date, no subgroups have been identified in which radiation can be omitted, its use is recommended, especially in younger patients.
Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2006; 13(7):990-8. · 4.12 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess quality of surgical treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to compare teaching and non-teaching hospitals that constitute the Comprehensive Cancer Centres of the Middle Netherlands (IKMN), we retrospectively reviewed 499 patients with 502 DCIS lesions treated in the period 1989-2002. In teaching hospitals fewer patients presented with clinical symptoms compared to non-teaching hospitals (15% versus 24.0%, p = 0.01). Finally, 65% of patients underwent breast-conserving surgery and 35% of patients a mastectomy (no significant differences between the two types of hospitals). In teaching hospitals 19% of the patients had a disease-involved or unknown surgical margins versus 13% in non-teaching hospitals (p = 0.04). Twenty patients (4%) received radiation therapy postoperatively with no differences between teaching and non-teaching hospitals (p = 0.98). Quality of surgical treatment is the most important prognostic factor in treatment of DCIS. The quality of excisions should be improved and the exact status of margins should be recorded in pathology reports.