[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To overcome the chemical and metabolic instability of the secondary fatty acyl residues in the AGP class of lipid A mimetics, the secondary ether lipid analogs of the potent TLR4 agonist CRX-527 (2) and TLR4 antagonist CRX-526 (3) were synthesized and evaluated along with their ester counterparts for agonist/antagonist activity in both in vitro and in vivo models. Like CRX-527, the secondary ether lipid 4 showed potent agonist activity in both murine and human models. Ether lipid 5, on the other hand, showed potent TLR4 antagonist activity similar to CRX-526 in human cell assays, but did not display any antagonist activity in murine models and, in fact, was weakly agonistic. Glycolipids 2, 4, and 5 were synthesized via a new highly convergent method utilizing a common advanced intermediate strategy. A new method for preparing (R)-3-alkyloxytetradecanoic acids, a key component of ether lipids 4 and 5, is also described.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Benzopyrans are selective estrogen receptor (ER) β agonists (SERBAs), which bind the ER receptor subtypes α and β in opposite orientations. We have used structure based drug design to show that this unique phenomena can be exploited via substitution at the 8-position of the benzopyran A-ring to disrupt binding to ERα, thus improving ERβ subtype selectivity. X-ray cocrystal structures with ERα and ERβ are supportive of this approach to improve selectivity in this structural class.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An efficient and scalable synthesis of the potent vaccine adjuvant RC-529 (3) and TLR4 agonist CRX-524 (4) is described in eight steps from 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-amino-2-benzyloxycarbonyl-2-deoxy-β-d-glucopyranose (10c) in ca. 25% overall yield. The synthesis features the strategic use of the N-Cbz group for β-glycosylation and the selective N,N,O-triacylation of common advanced intermediate 15 with (R)-3-tetradecanoyloxy or decanoyloxytetradecanoic acid (8, 9) late in the synthesis. A new method for preparing and enhancing the enantiopurity of (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoic acid (6), a key component of 3 and 4 as well as bacterial lipid A, is also described.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Methodology to prepare 8-amido-2-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-dibenzofurans, analogues with a fluorine substituent incorporated in the 6-, 7-, and 9-positions, and a difluorinated analogue with fluorines in the 6- and 9-positions is described. The tetrahydrodibenzofuran ring systems are prepared by acid-catalyzed [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of O-aryloximes. Regioselective reactions to prepare the requisite O-aryloxime intermediates from commercially available fluorobenzene derivatives are discussed.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 03/2003; 68(3):770-8. · 4.56 Impact Factor