[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess relationships between nucleotide polymorphisms of the prion protein (PRNP) gene and susceptibility to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), we investigated polymorphisms in the open reading frame (ORF) and 2 upper regions of the PRNP gene from 2 Japanese cattle breeds: 863 healthy Holstein cattle, 6 BSE-affected Holstein cattle, and 186 healthy Japanese Black (JB) cattle. In the ORF, we found single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at nucleotide positions 234 and 576 and found 5 or 6 copies of the octapeptide repeat, but we did not find any amino acid substitutions. In the upper region, we examined 2 sites of insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphisms: a 23-bp indel in the upper region of exon 1, and a 12-bp indel in the putative promoter region of intron 1. A previous report suggests that the 23-bp indel polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to BSE, but we did not find a difference in allele frequency between healthy and BSE-affected Holstein cattle. There were differences in allele frequency between healthy Holstein and JB cattle at the 23- and 12-bp indels and at the SNPs at nucleotide positions 234 and 576, but there was no difference in allele frequency of the octapeptide repeat. We identified a unique PRNP gene lacking a 288-bp segment (96 amino acids) in DNA samples stocked in our laboratory, but this deletion was not found in any of the 1049 cattle examined in the present study. The present results provide data about variations and distribution of the bovine PRNP gene.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 02/2006; 68(1):27-33. DOI:10.1292/jvms.68.27 · 0.78 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The substrate specificities of deuterolysin, a 19-kDa zinc-protease (EC 188.8.131.52) from Aspergillus oryzae, were investigated at pH 9.0 with various fluorogenic acyl-peptide-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amides (peptide-MCAs). N-Butoxycarbonyl-Arg-Val-Arg-Arg-MCA was the best substrate for deuterolysin. We therefore measured its kinetic parameters. Deuterolysin had high activity toward the peptide bonds next to pairs of basic residues in calf thymus histone H4. The specificity of cobalt-substituted deuterolysin (Co-deuterolysin) for peptide-MCAs was similar to that of native deuterolysin. The CD spectrum of Co-deuterolysin was similar to that of the native deuterolysin. The metal coordination sphere of Co-deuterolysin was analyzed by Q-band (33.9570 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Using computer simulation of EPR, we found the g principal values to be g(xx) = 5.20, g(yy) = 4.75, and g(zz) = 2.24; the metal center was a divalent cobalt ion in a high spin state.