[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Schistosomiasis is an endemic parasite disease and praziquantel is the only drug currently in use to control this disease. Experimental and epidemiological evidence strongly suggests that Microtus fortis ( Mf ) is a naturally resistant vertebrate host of Schistosoma japonicum . In the present study, we found that Mf serum albumin ( Mf -albumin) and the conditioned medium of pcDNA3.1- Mf -albumin caused 46.2% and 38.7% schistosomula death rates in 96 h, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of the negative control (p < 0.05). We also found that mice injected with Mf -albumin had a 43.5% reduction in worm burden and a 48.1% reduction in liver eggs per gram (p < 0.05) in comparison to the control animals. To characterise the mechanisms involved in clearance, schistosomula were incubated with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled Mf -albumin and fluorescent enrichment effects were found in the gut lumen of schistosomula after 48 h of incubation. Next, digestive tract excretions from schistosomula were collected and the sensitivity of Mf -albumin to digestive tract excretions was evaluated. The results indicated that schistosomula digestive tract excretions showed indigestibility of Mf -albumin. The death of schistosomula could be partially attributed to the lack of digestion of Mf -albumin by digestive tract excretions during the development of the schistosomula stage. Therefore, these data indicate the potential of Mf -albumin as one of the major selective forces for schistosomiasis.
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 11/2013; 108(7):865-872. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our previous studies had shown that DAZAP2 was profoundly downregulated in bone marrow mononuclear cells from multiple myeloma patients. In this report, we analyzed epigenetic changes in multiple myeloma cell lines to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the downregulation of DAZAP2. Four multiple myeloma cell lines, KM3, MM.1S, OPM-2 and ARH-77, were studied. The results of methylation specific PCR (MSP) showed that the promoter of DAZAP2 was methylated for KM3, MM.1S, OPM-2 and unmethylated for ARH-77. The DAZAP2 promoter region was amplified to obtain a series of different length sequences. All of the amplified sequences were inserted to luciferase reporter vector. The constructs were transfected into COS-7 cells and the luciferase activities were measured to search for the core region of DAZAP2 promoter. Two CpG islands were found in DAZAP2 promoter region. The results of luciferase assay showed that CpG island 1 displayed weak transcriptional activity, whereas CpG island 2 exhibited strong transcriptional activity (273 folds) compared to the control. The sequence that covered both CpG islands 1 and 2 showed higher activity (1,734 folds) compared to the control, suggesting that the two islands had synergistic effect on regulating DAZAP2 expression. We also found that M. Sss I methylase could inhibit the luciferase activity, whereas demethylation using 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment rescued the expression of DAZAP2 for multiple myeloma cell lines. These data revealed that methylation of DAZAP2 promoter was involved in downregulation of DAZAP2 in multiple myeloma cells.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e40475. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of methylation of the p73 gene on the pathogenesis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), the methylation status of the p73 gene promoter and the expression of p73 mRNA were examined in NHLs by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively; p73 protein was detected by Western blotting analysis. Furthermore, the expression of p73 mRNA in NHL cells treated with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine was analyzed. MSP results revealed that the promoter of p73 was methylated in 87.5% of NHLs but was not methylated in reactive hyperplasia lymph node samples. The expression of p73 mRNA was not detected in 83.33% of NHLs but was detected in all of the reactive hyperplasia lymph node samples. The p73 protein was not detected in 91.67% of NHLs but was detected in all of the reactive hyperplasia lymph node samples. The expression of p73 mRNA was detected in NHL cells treated with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine. The inactivation of p73, predominantly by methylation, may be involved in the pathogenesis of NHLs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microtus fortis is a naturally vertebrate host resistant to Schistosoma japonicum infection. In order to understand the molecular mechanism and identify the molecules related to the natural resistance to S. japanicum infection of M. fortis, we screened a gene pool named gE76 by expression cloning and proved it to have high anti-schistosomula effects in our previous work. In this study we identified a clone named gE76.44. We found that the conditioned medium of pcDNA1.1-gE76.44 caused 14.0% schistosomula death rate in 96 h, which was significantly higher than that of negative control (P<0.05). The gE76.44 was sequenced and the full-length cDNA was 2008 bp with ORF of 1590bp encoding a polypeptide of 529 amino acid residues. Bioinformatics analysis indicated it was the homologue of karyopherin alpha 2 (KPNA2). To further confirm its anti-schistosome activity, we inserted full length of Mf-KPNA2 (KPNA2 of M. fortis) gene into a retroviral expression vector pLXSN and packaged the recombinant virus with PA317 cells. Mice infected with S. japanicum cercariae were administrated by intravenous injection through tail vein and treated with pLXSN-KPNA2. Adult worms and egg reduction were counted after heart perfusion of mice 42 d after infection. We found that compared with the control, mice injected with Mf-KPNA2 had 39.42% worm burden reduction and 76.50% reduction in LEPG (liver eggs per gram) (P<0.01), indicating its anti-schistosome effect of Mf-KPNA2 in vivo. Taken together, the results suggested Mf-KPNA2 as a novel anti-schistosome molecule in vitro and in vivo.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microtus fortis is a naturally resistant vertebrate host of Schistosoma japonicum by preventing completion of parasite's life cycle. Sera of M. fortis were found to have anti-schistosome effect in vitro and in vivo. In order to identify genes associated with the anti-schistosome effect of M. fortis, we screened a M. fortis marrow cDNA expression library by expression cloning and identified a 331-bp clone gC14.75. It was the homologue of heat shock protein 90alpha (HSP90alpha). Full-length of M. fortis HSP90alpha gene, Mf-HSP90alpha, was amplified according to gC14.75 and Cricetulus griseus HSP90alpha. To test the potential anti-schistosome function of Mf-HSP90alpha, we prepared conditioned medium of Mf-HSP90alpha and added it to schistosomula cultured in vitro. It caused 27.0% schistosomula death rate in 96h, which was considerably higher than that of negative control. We transferred Mf-HSP90alpha by retroviral expression vector pLXSN into mice to investigate its anti-schistosome effect in vivo. Compared with those of DMEM injection control, mice injected with Mf-HSP90alpha recombinant retrovirus had 40.8% worm burden reduction and 57.9% reduction in liver eggs per gram (LEPG) indicating its anti-schistosome effect in vivo. Taken together, our results suggested Mf-HSP90alpha as a novel anti-schistosome molecule in vitro and in vivo.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukemia is one of the most life-threatening cancers today, and acute promyelogenous leukemia (APL) is a common type of leukemia. Many natural compounds have already been found to exhibit significant anti-tumor effects. Lycorine, a natural alkaloid extracted from Amaryllidaceae, exhibited anti-leukemia effects in vitro and in vivo. The survival rate of HL-60 cells exposed to lycorine was decreased, cell growth was slowed down, and cell regeneration potential was inhibited. HL-60 cells exhibited typical apoptotic characteristic. Lycorine can suppress leukemia growth and reduce cell survival and inducing apoptosis of tumor cells. The purpose of this work is to elucidate the mechanism by which lycorine induces APL cells.
When HL-60 cells were treated with different concentration of lycorine, the expression of p21 and TNF-alpha was up-regulated in a concentration-dependent manner as shown by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Lycorine also down-regulated p21-related gene expression, including Cdc2, Cyclin B, Cdk2 and Cyclin E, promoted Bid truncation, decreased IkappaB phosphorylation and blocked NF-kappaB nuclear import. Cytochrome c was released from mitochondria as observed with confocal laser microscopy.
The TNF-alpha signal transduction pathway and p21-mediated cell-cycle inhibition were involved in the apoptosis of HL-60 cells induced by lycorine. These results contribute to the development of new lycorine-based anti-leukemia drugs.
Cancer Cell International 01/2010; 10:25. · 2.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrodia tuber and its component gastrodin have many pharmacological effects. The chemical fingerprints and gastrodin contents of eight Gastrodia populations were determined, and the genomic DNA polymorphism of the populations was investigated. Genetic distance coefficients among the populations were calculated using the DNA polymorphism data. A dendrogram of the genetic similarities between the populations was constructed using the genetic distance coefficients. The results indicated that the genomic DNA of Gastrodia tubers was highly polymorphic; the eight populations clustered into three major groups, and the gastrodin content varied greatly among these groups. There were obvious correlations among genetic makeup, gastrodin content, and place of origin. The ecological environments in Guizhou and Shanxi may be conducive to evolution and to gastrodin biosynthesis, and more suitable for cultivation of Gastrodia tubers. These findings may provide a scientific basis for overall genetic resource management and for the selection of locations for cultivating Gastrodia tubers.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The genetic polymorphisms of biotransformation phase I enzymes, cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1 and CYP2D6), and phase II enzymes, glutathione S-transferase (GSTM1 and GSTT1), were analyzed in 204 healthy persons and 348 leukemia patients, who suffered from also acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), from the Han ethnic group in Changsha City of Hunan Province of China. Our results showed that the frequencies of polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP2D6 and GSTT1 among the groups including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ANLL, chronic myelogenous leukemia and healthy control have no significant differences. The variation of GSTM1-null genotype alone correlated with the development of ANLL. The combined genotypes of GSTM1-null with GSTT1-null, or GSTM1-null with CYP1A1 heterozygous mutant, or GSTM1-null with CYP1A1 heterozygous mutant and CYP2D6 heterozygous mutant, or GSTM1-null with CYP1A1 heterozygous mutant, CYP2D6 heterozygous mutant and GSTT1-null were found in individuals with high risk of ANLL. All these findings suggest that GSTM1-null genotype alone or in coordination with the relevant genotypes of other metabolic enzymes might be susceptibility factors in the etiology of ANLL.
European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 07/2008; 17(3):251-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In our previous study, we found that DAZAP2 was the most significantly down regulated gene when differential screening of complementary DNA (cDNA) chips were used to analyze mRNA isolated from bone marrow mononuclear cells from newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients without anticancer treatment. In this study, we observed DAZAP2 mRNA and protein expression in the mononuclear cells from MM bone marrow and investigated its role in the pathogenesis of MM.
The full-length cDNA of DAZAP2 was cloned and sequenced from mononuclear cells from human bone marrow. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of DAZAP2 were analyzed using the ClustalW program. A dendrogram was constructed by multiple sequence alignment using ClustalW and amino acid sequence identity/similarity was derived based on comparisons attained using the MegAlign software. The recombinant pEGFP expression vector was constructed and the confocal microscopy was used for the localization of the DAZAP2 protein in transfected COS7 cells. The expression of DAZAP2 mRNA was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the expression level of DAZAP2 protein was detected by Western blotting analysis in MM samples.
DAZAP2 proteins of vertebrates is highly conserved in evolution. It contains a proline-rich region, several potential SH2 and SH3 domain-binding motifs and a possible protein kinase C (PKC) phosphorylation site. We showed by confocal microscopy that the DAZAP2 protein predominantly resides in the cytoplasm with a discrete pattern of punctuated distribution. The expression of DAZAP2 was not detected in 24 of 36 MM samples by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In contrast, DAZAP2 expression was detected in all 30 normal controls. The expression level of DAZAP2 protein was assayed by Western blotting analysis, showing a robust down-regulation in MM patients (P < 0.001) that matched with the results of the RT-PCR.
DAZAP2 is downregulated in MM samples and it may be a signal molecule in MM cells. DAZAP2 is involved in the pathogenesis of MM and could be used as a genetic marker for MM.
Chinese medical journal 10/2007; 120(19):1659-65. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lycorine is a natural anti-tumor alkaloid extracted from Amaryllidaceae and has various biological effects on malignant cells. The present study explores the effects of lycorine on the human multiple meyloma cell line, KM3, and the possible mechanisms of these effects. An MTT assay showed that lycorine had significant inhibitory activity on KM3 cells. The growth rates of the KM3 cells exposed to lycorine evidently slowed down. Cell fluorescent apoptotic morphological changes, DNA degradation fragments, and a sub-G1 peak were detected, indicating the occurrence of cell apoptosis after lycorine treatment. Furthermore, the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c, the augmentation of Bax with the attenuation of Bcl-2, and the activation of caspase-9, -8, and -3 were also detected, suggesting that the mitochondrial pathway and the death acceptor pathway were also involved. The results also showed that lycorine was able to block the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase through the downregulation of both cyclin D1 and CDK4. In summary, lycorine can suppress the proliferation of KM3 cells and reduce cell survival by arresting cell cycle progression as well as inducing cell apoptosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that porcine jejunal mucosal cells can degrade all essential amino acids (EAA). Jejunal mucosal cells (primarily enterocytes) were isolated from 50-day-old healthy pigs and incubated at 37 °C for 45 min in Krebs buffer containing plasma concentrations of amino acids and one of the following L-[1-14 C]-or L-[U-14 C]-amino acids plus unlabeled tracers at 0.5, 2, or 5 mM: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. There was active transamination of leucine, isoleucine and valine in the cells (1.35–2.5 nmol/mg protein per 45 min at 2 mM), with most (67–71%) of their α-ketoacids released into the medium. In contrast, catabolism of methionine and phenylalanine was negligible (0.04–0.05 nmol/mg protein per 45 min at 2 mM) and that of other EAA was completely absent in these cells. These results indicate that intestinal mucosal cells are a site for the substantial degradation of branched-chain amino acids but not other EAA in pigs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gastrodia elata Bl. is a famous and costful traditional Chinese medicine. Their genomic DNA fingerprints were investigated using a modified Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA method. DNA fragments common to all or to fine populations were identified and recovered. Five DNA fragments were proven not to be reported through DNA cloning, PCR identifying, nucleotide sequencing and bioinformatics analyses and were received in and recorded by NCBI GenBank. Gastrodine contents of the Gastrodia tuber samples were determined using high performance liquid chromatography technique. The distribution of the five DNA fragments in 9 Gastrodia elata Blue populations and the correlation with gastromedicine content were studied. The results show the distribution of these DNA sequences varied greatly among the populations whereby DNA Sequence 1 was the common and distinguishing molecular marker for all the populations studied and DNA Sequence 2 may relate to higher gastrodine content. In conclusion, these DNA marker sequences can be employed to identify genuine gastrodia tubers, better varieties and optimize their selection and cultivating.
Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 08/2006; 22(4):587-91.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To establish a genetic diagnosis method for a novel MSH2 mutation.
A specific primer on the mutated site of MSH2 was synthesized and PCR was conducted using the specific primer and another downstream primer. PCR products were electrophoresed and then the carriers with the novel gene mutation of the carriers or non-carriers were identified.
MSH2 in a hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer family were successfully found.
The method is effective and simple for genetic diagnosis of the novel mutation in MSH2.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 05/2006; 31(2):200-3.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case-control study was conducted for analyzing the genetic polymorphisms of phase II metabolic enzymes in 97 patients with lung cancer and 197 healthy subjects from Han ethnic group of Hunan Province located in Central South China. The results showed that the frequencies of glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1-null (GSTM1-) or GSTT1-null (GSTT1-) genotype alone, or combined form of both in lung cancer patients were significantly higher than those of the controls. Genotypes of combining GSTP1 mutant/GSTM1(-) or GSTP1 mutant/GSTT1(-) led to high risk of lung cancer. Individuals carrying any two or all three of GSTM1(-), GSTT1(-) and GSTP1 mutant genotypes have a distinctly increased risk of lung cancer when compared to those with GSTM1 present (GSTM1+: GSTM1+/+ or GSTM1+/-), GSTT1 present (GSTT1+: GSTT1+/+ or GSTT1+/-) and GSTP1 wild genotypes. Furthermore, individuals possessing combined genotypes of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) rapid acetylator, GSTP1 mutant and both GSTT1(-) and GSTM1(-) have a remarkably higher lung cancer risk than those carrying combined NAT2 slow acetylator genotype, GSTP1 wild genotype and both GSTT1(+) and GSTM1(+) genotypes. All these findings suggest that the genetic polymorphisms of phase II metabolic enzymes affect the susceptibility of lung cancer in the Han ethnic group of Central South China.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HSVtk/ganciclovir (GCV) gene therapy has been extensively studied in tumors and relies largely on the gene expression of HSVtk. Most studies, however, have failed to demonstrate any significant benefit of a controlled gene expression strategy in cancer treatment. The Tet-On system is commonly used to regulate gene expression following Dox induction. We have evaluated the antitumor effect of HSVtk/ganciclovir gene therapy under Tet-On regulation by means of adeno-associated virus-2 (AAV-2)-mediated HSVtk gene transfer with direct intratumoral injections in mice bearing breast cancer tumors.
Recombinant adeno-associated virus-2 (rAAV) was constructed and transduced into MCF-7 cell line. GCV treatment to the rAAV infected MCF-7 cells was performed by MTT assay under the doxycycline (Dox) induction or without Dox induction at a vp (viral particle) number of > or =10(4)/cell. The virus was administered intratumorally to nude mice that had also received GCV intraperitoneally. The antitumor effects were evaluated by measuring tumor regression and histological analysis.
We have demonstrated that GCV treatment to the infected MCF-7 cells under the Dox induction was of more inhibited effects than those without Dox induction at > or =10(4) vp/cell. In ex vivo experiments, tumor growth of BALB/C nude mice breast cancer was retarded after rAAV-2/HSVtk/Tet-On was injected into the tumors under the Dox induction. Infiltrating cells were also observed in tumors after Dox induction followed by GCV treatment and cells were profoundly damaged. The expression of HSVtk gene in MCF-7 cells and BALB/C nude mice tumors was up-regulated by Tet-On under Dox induction with reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) analysis.
The antitumor effect of rAAV-mediated HSVtk/GCV gene therapy under the Dox induction with direct intratumoral injections may be a useful treatment for breast cancer and other solid tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis is one member of the Amaryllidaceae family. We found that extracts from N. tazetta var. chinensis (ENT) strongly decreased the survival rate of the following tumor cell lines: HL-60, K562, KT1/A3, and A3R. The cytotoxic effects of ENT on non-cancer cells lines (NHBE and NIH3T3) were smaller than on leukemia cell lines. AO/EB staining and flow cytometry assays showed that ENT induced HL-60 cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the release of cytochrome c and the increase of caspase-8, -9, and -3 activities were tested after HL-60 cells were treated with ENT, which indicated that the mitochondrial pathway and cell death receptor pathway were both involved in the apoptosis signal pathways induced by ENT. Upregulation of Bax showed that the Bcl-2 family was involved in the control of apoptosis. Our results suggest that apoptosis activity can be mediated by ENT in HL-60 cells.
Cancer Letters 01/2006; 242(1):133-140. · 5.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the killing effect of different fractional proteins from Microtus fortis (Mf) serum to S. japonicum juveniles, and to find possible association of the proteins with the natural resistance to schistosome infection.
The proteins in Mf serum were separated by means of ion-exchange column chromatography and molecular sieve column chromatography. After desalted by dialysis and lyophilized, the proteins were dissolved in DMEM medium which contained 300 U/ml penicillin and 300 microg/ml streptomycin, and the two-day old schistosomula were added in for in vitro cultivation (100 +/- 20/well). The killing activity of the fractional proteins to the juvenile worms was defined by mortality rate.
58 fractional proteins were separated from Mf serum, in which six proteins were confirmed to have a significant killing activity to schistosomula. The mortality of schistosomula all reached 37% and above, and the highest mortality (87.5%) was observed in the fraction 18.1, while the negative control was 25.09% (P < 0.01).
Some fractional proteins in Microtus fortis serum show an effect in the natural resistance to schistosome infection.
Zhongguo ji sheng chong xue yu ji sheng chong bing za zhi = Chinese journal of parasitology & parasitic diseases 12/2005; 23(6):404-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to investigate the application of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector containing Tet regulation system and HSVtk gene in cancer gene therapy, pAAV/TRE/HSVtk/Tet-On was constructed and identified with PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. Packaging cells HEK293 were cotransfected with plasmids pAAV/TRE/HSVtk/Tet-On, pAAV-RC and pAAV-helper to produce infectious rAAV, and CsCl2 densitygradient centrifugation method was performed for purification and concentration of rAAV. The viruses were then transduced into MCF-7 cells. The results of dot blot hybridization indicate that the rAAV can transfer the target gene into MCF-7 cells. MTT assay showed that GCV could kill AAV-infected MCF-7 cells under the induction of Dox. The data demonstrated that rAAV containing Tet regulation system and HSVtk gene was successfully obtained, and could be used for further investigation of in vivo and in vitro experiments.
Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 06/2005; 21(3):360-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the mode of the spatio-temporal expression of six newly discovered ginsenoside biosynthesis candidate gene transcripts, both Northern blotting and semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to elucidate the mRNA expression levels of the transcripts in various tissues and organs of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer during different growth development stages. The six gene transcripts were all differentially expressed in cultured callus, root, stem, leaf, and seed. The mRNA expression levels were significantly higher in four-year-old roots than in one-year-old roots, and results of semi-quantitative RT-PCR assays were in accordance with those of Northern blotting analyses. The results strongly suggest that all six genes were differentially expressed at root-specific developmental stages. In particular, when a quiescent early stage culture suspension of P. ginseng cells was exposed to the ginsenoside biosynthesis-promoting elicitor Aspergillus niger polysaccharide, the GBR6 gene transcript response showed time-dependent increments and was parallel with ginsenoside productivity (P < 0.01). Overexpressionof the GBR6 gene is likely to play a critically important role in the biosynthesis of ginsenosides. The results of the present study provided a background for the further elucidation of the structure and physiological function of these six candidate genes.(Managing editor: Wei WANG)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the HSVtk gene expression mediated by the retroviral vector and to obtain high titer recombinant retroviral virus.
The recombinant vector pRevTRE/HSVtk was constructed by inserting HSVtk gene into pRevTRE. The recombinant retrovirus, which was produced from cloned PA317 cells screened by hygromycin B after "micro-pingpong" technique transferring with pRevTRE/HSVtk plasmids DNA by using modified calcium phosphate precipitation method. HSVtk gene expression was performed on target cells and virus titers were detected in different cultured temper, time and sodium butyrate concentration.
The recombinant retroviral vector pRevTRE/HSVtk was constructed and HSVtk gene expression was detected on target cells after they were infected with the recombinant retrovirus.
High titer of retroviruses could be obtained in the culture medium of PA317 cell line through "micro-pingpong" technique at 30 hours and 10 mmol/L sodium butyrate concentration followed by frozen ultrafiltration.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 01/2005; 18(4):332-6.