[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alternative splicing is an important cellular mechanism that increases the diversity of gene products. The number of alternatively spliced genes reported so far in plants is much smaller than that in mammals, but is increasing as a result of the explosive growth of available EST and genomic sequences. We have searched for all alternatively spliced genes reported in GenBank and PubMed in all plant species under Viridiplantae. After careful merging and manual review of the search results, we obtained a comprehensive, high-quality collection of 168 genes reported to be alternatively spliced in plants, spanning 44 plant species (March 22, 2003 update). We developed a relational database with Web-based user interface to store and present the data, named the Plant Alternative Splicing Database (PASDB), freely available at http://pasdb.genomics.org.cn. We analyzed the functional categories that these genes belong to using the Gene Ontology. We also analyzed in detail the biological roles and gene structures of the four genes that are known to be alternatively spliced in more than one plant species. Finally, we studied the structural features of the splice sites in the alternatively spliced genes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To obtain an initial overview of gene diversity and expression pattern in porcine thymus, 11,712 ESTs (Expressed Sequence Tags) from 100-day-old porcine thymus (FTY) were sequenced and 7,071 cleaned ESTs were used for gene expression analysis. Clustered by the PHRAP program, 959 contigs and 3,074 singlets were obtained. Blast search showed that 806 contigs and 1,669 singlets (totally 5,442 ESTs) had homologues in GenBank and 1,629 ESTs were novel. According to the Gene Ontology classification, 36.99% ESTs were cataloged into the gene expression group, indicating that although the functional gene (18.78% in defense group) of thymus is expressed in a certain degree, the 100-day-old porcine thymus still exists in a developmental stage. Comparative analysis showed that the gene expression pattern of the 100-day-old porcine thymus is similar to that of the human infant thymus.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) analysis has pioneered genome-wide gene discovery and expression profiling. In order to establish a gene expression index in the rice cultivar indica, we sequenced and analyzed 86,136 ESTs from nine rice cDNA libraries from the super hybrid cultivar LYP9 and its parental cultivars. We assembled these ESTs into 13,232 contigs and leave 8,976 singletons. Overall, 7,497 sequences were found similar to existing sequences in GenBank and 14,711 are novel. These sequences are classified by molecular function, biological process and pathways according to the Gene Ontology. We compared our sequenced ESTs with the publicly available 95,000 ESTs from japonica, and found little sequence variation, despite the large difference between genome sequences. We then assembled the combined 173,000 rice ESTs for further analysis. Using the pooled ESTs, we compared gene expression in metabolism pathway between rice and Arabidopsis according to KEGG. We further profiled gene expression patterns in different tissues, developmental stages, and in a conditional sterile mutant, after checking the libraries are comparable by means of sequence coverage. We also identified some possible library specific genes and a number of enzymes and transcription factors that contribute to rice development.