Nurhan Seyahi

Istanbul University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (28)81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Data on the long-term mortality and morbidity of living kidney donors are scarce. In the general population, coronary artery calcification (CAC) and progression of CAC are predictors of future cardiac risk. We conducted a study to determine the progression of CAC in renal transplant donors. Methods: We used multidetector computed tomography to examine CAC in 75 former renal transplant donors. A baseline and a follow-up scan were performed and changes in CAC scores were evaluated in each subject individually to calculate the incidence of CAC progression. Results: Baseline CAC prevalence was 16% and the mean CAC score was 5.3 ± 25.8. At the follow-up scan that was performed after an average of 4.8 ± 0.3 years, CAC prevalence increased to 72% and the mean CAC score to 12.5 ± 23.4. Progression of the individual CAC score was found between 18.7 and 26.7%, depending on the method used to define progression. In patients with baseline CAC, the mean annualized rate of CAC progression was 2.1. Presence of hypertension, high systolic blood pressure and an increase in BMI were the determinants of CAC progression. Conclusions: The rate of CAC progression does not seem to be high in carefully selected donors. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Nephron Clinical Practice 04/2014; 126(3):144-150. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome, which is closely related to insulin resistance, is highly prevalent in renal transplant recipients. We aimed to investigate prevalence, risk factors, and progression of metabolic syndrome in renal transplant recipients. One hundred fifty-eight renal transplant recipients who had been on transplantation for more than 1 year and 79 age-sex matched healthy controls were included in the cross-sectional phase of the study. We measured baseline characteristics, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profiles and we defined metabolic syndrome using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. One hundred twenty-four renal transplant recipients were eligible for the second evaluation after 22.9 ± 3.8 months. Metabolic syndrome prevalence and homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance levels were evaluated during the follow-up period. Overall, metabolic syndrome was present in 34.2% of the patients and 12.7% of the controls at the cross-sectional phase of the study (P = .000). Only the hypertension component of metabolic syndrome was significantly increased in patients compared to controls (P = .000). Pretransplantation weight and body mass index were significantly higher in patients who had metabolic syndrome (P = .000). During the follow-up period, prevalence of metabolic syndrome did not change (P = .510); however, body mass index and blood pressure increased and the high density lipoprotein cholesterol component of metabolic syndrome decreased (P = .001). We did not find any significant difference in glomerular filtration rate change among patients with and without metabolic syndrome (-2.2 ± 11.36 vs -6.14 ± 13.19; P = .091). Glucose metabolism parameters including hemoglobin A1c, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance were disturbed in patients with metabolic syndrome (P = .000, P = .001, P = .002, respectively). Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in renal transplant recipients and closely associated with insulin resistance. The prominent criterion of metabolic syndrome in patients seems to be hypertension, especially high systolic blood pressure. The identification of metabolic syndrome as a risk factor may yield new treatment modalities to prevent it.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2013; 45(9):3273-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We aimed to investigate the performance of various creatinine based glomerular filtration rate estimation equations that were widely used in clinical practice in Turkey and calculate a correction coefficient to obtain a better estimate using the isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS)-traceable Modification of the Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. This cross-sectional study included adult (>18 years) outpatients and in patients with chronic kidney disease as well as healthy volunteers. Iohexol clearance was measured and the precisions and bias of the various estimation equations were calculated. A correction coefficient for the IDMS-traceable MDRD was also calculated. A total of 229 (113 male/116 female; mean age 53.9 ± 14.4 years) subjects were examined. A median iohexol clearance of 39.21 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (range: 6.01-168.47 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) was found. Bias and random error for the IDMS-traceable MDRD equation were 11.33 ± 8.97 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and 14.21 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively. MDRD formula seems to provide the best estimates. To obtain the best agreement with iohexol clearance, a correction factor of 0.804 must be introduced to IDMS-traceable MDRD equation for our study population.
    Renal Failure 07/2013; · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Candidal infections occur commonly in renal transplant recipients especially in genitourinary system. Although the epidemiology of candiduria has not been well characterized in renal transplant population, it is the most common cause of fungal infections. However, candidal psoas abscess is very rare in the literature. We report a 42-year-old male renal transplant recipient with prolonged pyuria and candiduria followed by candidal psoas abscess formation. The treatment consisted of prolonged antifungal therapy along with percutaneous drainage. However, eventually, a surgical drainage had to be performed for the successful eradication.
    International Urology and Nephrology 11/2012; · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Turkish Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 01/2012; 21(01):101-104.
  • Cells Tissues Organs 01/2012; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Kidney assessment before transplantation is very important especially on the back-table preparation. Besides evaluation of viability, vascular structure and the ureter anatomy of the transplant candidate kidney, visible masses which could be placed on the kidney architecture should be carefully evaluated. A 44-year-old man was prepared as a heart-beating cadaver after brain death due to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The donor’s left kidney was removed in a hospital and sent to our clinic for transplantation. We had prepared our recipient and the patient was taken into the operating theatre. We opened the preservation box and took the graft kidney to the back table after the patient had been anaesthetized just before the skin incision. The graft kidney had been put in solution with ice. There were frozen and necrotic areas on the surface of the kidney. We observed a mass lesion of 1.5 cm diameter on the middle-lateral surface of the kidney (Figure 1). We decided that the graft kidney was inappropriate for transplantation. The kidney was sent for histological evaluation and the patient had been awakened. Papillary renal cell carcinoma was diagnosed by histological evaluation. Many sophisticated and complex techniques are being tried to use marginal organs for transplantation as a result of high pressing necessity. However, the simple techniques of kidney harvesting and preservation are not known or not considered in some centers.
    Organs Tissues & Cells. 2012, March, 15, 1: 39. 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality among renal transplant recipients. In the general population, coronary artery calcification (CAC) and progression of CAC are predictors of future cardiac risk. We conducted a study to determine the progression of CAC in renal transplant recipients; we also examined the factors associated with progression and the impact of the analytic methods used to determine CAC progression. We used multi-detector computed tomography to examine CAC in 150 prevalent renal transplant recipients, who did not have a documented cardiovascular disease. A baseline and a follow-up scan were performed and changes in CAC scores were evaluated in each patient individually, to calculate the incidence of CAC progression. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the determinants of CAC progression. Baseline CAC prevalence was 35.3% and the mean CAC score was 60.0 ± 174.8. At follow-up scan that was performed after an average of 2.8 ± 0.4 years, CAC prevalence increased to 64.6% and the mean CAC score to 94.9 ± 245.7. Progression of individual CAC score was found between 28.0 and 38.0%, depending on the method used to define progression. In patients with baseline CAC, median annualized rate of CAC progression was 11.1. Baseline CAC, high triglyceride and bisphosphonate use were the independent determinants of CAC progression. Renal transplantation does not stop or reverse CAC. Progression of CAC is the usual evolution pattern of CAC in renal transplant recipients. Beside baseline CAC, high triglyceride level and bisphosphonate use were associated with progression of CAC.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 09/2011; 27(5):2101-7. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Nurhan Seyahi
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/2011; 26(7):2418-9; author reply 2419. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared the tolerability and efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus mycophenolate sodium (MPS) among renal transplant recipients on tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. The 105 patients who underwent kidney transplantation between January 2002 and March 2008 and were treated with steroid, tacrolimus, and a mycophenolic acid compound were enrolled in the study. From patient files we collected on demographics data, donors, immunosuppressive drug doses, biochemical and hematologic parameters, gastrointestinal and hematologic side effects, and kidney function. Fifty-six patients were prescribed MMF and 49 of them were taking MPS. Demographic parameters and pretransplantation dialysis duration were similar between the 2 groups. After the third month, the MPS dose was higher than that of MMF. There were no clinically important differences between the 2 groups, regarding other immunosuppressive drug doses. Gastrointestinal side effects were similar: 42.4% in the MMF versus 44.8% in the MPS group (P = .846). Six patients in the MMF group and 1 patient in the MPS group underwent a switch of the mycophenolic acid therapy due to severe gastrointestinal side effects (P = .183). Biopsy-proven acute rejection was reported in 6 patients on MMF and 7 patients on MPS therapy (P = .768). The log-rank test evaluating a 50% reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) showed no significant difference between the 2 groups (P = .719). No deaths were recorded during the study period; there was only 1 graft loss, which occurred in the MMF group. We did not observe a significant difference in tolerability and efficacy between the 2 widely used mycophenolic acid derivatives. Economic considerations can be an important factor when choosing the drug.
    Transplantation Proceedings 04/2011; 43(3):833-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: National renal registry studies providing data for incidence, prevalence, and characteristics of end-stage renal disease and renal replacement therapy (RRT) serve as a basis to determine national strategies for the prevention and treatment of these diseases and identify new areas for special studies. Since 1990, the Turkish Society of Nephrology has been coordinating a national renal registry that collects data on patients receiving RRT. This report focuses on data collected from 1996-2008. Data were collected in dialysis centers for patients on RRT. Year. Point prevalence and incidence of RRT, RRT modalities, demographic and clinical characteristics of patients on RRT. From 1996 to 2008, the number of centers (199 and 760) and response rates to the registry (76% and 99.4%) increased. In 2008, the point prevalence of RRT was 756 per million population (pmp) and incidence was 188 pmp, including pediatric patients. In prevalent patients, the most common RRT modality was hemodialysis (77.0% of patients), followed by peritoneal dialysis (10.1%) and transplant (12.9%). The age of hemodialysis and transplant patients increased, with a predominance of male patients. Percentages of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as causes of ESRD increased, whereas those of chronic glomerulonephritis and urologic disease decreased. Infection and crude death rates decreased in all treatment modalities. The main study limitations were registry design and low number of kidney transplants. With increasing numbers of dialysis centers and RRT patients during the last 12 years, the need for RRT in Turkey has been better met. The quality of RRT care has improved, especially regarding prevention and treatment of infections.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 03/2011; 57(3):456-65. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality among renal transplant recipients. Data on the relationship between coronary artery calcification (CAC) and coronary ischaemia in renal transplantation patients are scant. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence and determinants of CAC in these patients; we also examined the frequency of coronary ischaemia in patients with moderate and severe CAC. We used multi-detector spiral computed tomography to examine CAC in 178 consecutive renal transplant recipients. Angina pectoris was sought with the Rose questionnaire. The extent of calcification was measured by Agatston score. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy was performed in patients with moderate and severe CAC. Multivariate logistic and linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the determinants of CAC presence and CAC score, respectively. CAC was present in 72 patients (40.4%), mean CAC score was 113.7±275.5 (median: 0 and range: 0-1712). Age, time on transplantation and Rose angina pectoris were the independent determinants of both CAC presence and high CAC scores in all multivariate models. Coronary ischaemia was detected in 17.1% of the patients with moderate-to-severe CAC. CAC is highly prevalent in renal transplant recipients; it is associated with symptoms of coronary ischaemia. Time on transplantation is an independent determinant of CAC. Future studies to evaluate the prognostic significance of CAC in these patients are necessary.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/2011; 26(2):720-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data on free water excretion capacity of renal transplant recipients are scant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of electrolyte free water clearance (E-CH(2)O) by the allograft in renal transplant patients and the effects of various immunosuppressive drugs. Renal transplant recipients with good graft function (creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL) as well as controls were divided into five groups according to their immunosuppressive regimen: group I, azathioprine (n = 15); group II, cyclosporine (n = 28); group III, tacrolimus (n = 28); group IV healthy controls (n = 20); and group V renal transplant donors (n = 16). Following a 12-hour fast, we administered oral water loading (20 mL/kg) with urine collection for 3 hours. We calculated creatinine clearance for 3 hours and E-CH(2)O. No matter which immunosuppressive drug, the E-CH(2)O of recipients (groups I, II, and III) was lower than that of donors or healthy controls. The creatinine clearance of the cyclosporine arm was significantly lower than all of the other groups. Decreased E-CH(2)O in renal transplant patients might be due to diminished water input to the loop of Henle related to subclinical allograft insufficiency as a result of posttransplantation pathology and/or immunosuppressive drug therapy or the transport of water into the extrarenal interstitium as a result of vascular endothelial dysfunction due to the pretransplant uremic milleu.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2009; 41(9):3726-30. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    N Seyahi
    Kidney International 03/2008; 73(4):509; author reply 509-10. · 8.52 Impact Factor
  • Nurhan Seyahi
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 04/2007; 22(3):961; author reply 962. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ideal time needed for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturation is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the natural course of AVF maturation and also investigated the factors affecting AVF maturation. We studied 31 (21M/10F, mean age 55.8 +/- 16.2) chronic renal failure patients. We evaluated the patients with color Doppler ultrasound examination before the fistula operation, at the first day, and at the first, second, third, and sixth months. Radial artery (RA) diameter, flow velocity, flow, resistance index, fistula vein diameter, flow velocity, and flow were measured. Patency rates at the first post-operative day and the sixth month were 87.1% and 67.1%, respectively. Cephalic vein flow was 451.2 +/- 248.6 mL/min at the first month and 528.6 +/- 316.5 mL/min at the sixth month. Baseline RA diameter was lower in failing fistulas than that of patent fistulas. Failing fistulas were more common in women. Blood flow was enough for hemodialysis at the end of the first month. However, fistula maturation had continued until the end of the study; women and patients with low RA diameter are particularly prone to fistula failure. Therefore, especially in these patients, AVF must be created at least three or four months before the predicted hemodialysis initiation time.
    Renal Failure 02/2007; 29(4):481-6. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the presence of decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the risk of morbidity and mortality caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increased markedly. Increased coronary artery calcification (CAC) is proposed as a pathogenetic link between CVD and chronic kidney disease. We examined the frequency and severity of CAC in living kidney donors to test the hypothesis that decreased GFR is associated with increased CAC. We used multidetector spiral computed tomography to examine CAC in 101 living kidney donors and 99 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects without diabetes and a history of coronary artery disease. The extent of calcification was measured by means of the Agatston score. GFR was calculated by using the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. The frequency of risk factors for coronary artery disease was compared in kidney donors and controls, and the relation between kidney donors' clinical characteristics and the presence or absence of CAC was examined. CAC frequency and mean calcification scores were similar between kidney donors (13.9%; 4.5 +/- 22.6) and controls (17.2%; 13.2 +/- 89.2). CAC was not associated with decreased GFR, and the correlation between CAC and GFR was not statistically significant. Kidney donors with calcification were more likely to be older (P = 0.003) and male (P = 0.001). Age- and sex-adjusted analysis showed an association between greater parathormone levels (odds ratio, 1.023; 95% confidence interval, 1.001 to 1.045; P = 0.037) and CAC in kidney donors. A mild decrease in GFR without the presence of diabetes does not seem to be associated with increased CAC. These findings need to be confirmed in different and larger study populations.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 02/2007; 49(1):143-52. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a young male patient with nephrotic syndrome and multiple venous thromboses. The patient presented various aggregated thrombophilic risk factors. He was found to be homozygous for factor V Leiden mutation and his anticardiolipin antibody and homocysteine levels were high. The association between nephrotic syndrome and venous thrombosis is well known. However the presence of disseminated thrombosis should prompt an intensive work-up for the detection of thrombotic risk factors and aggressive anticoagulant therapy.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2007; 20(1):103-6. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. We hypothesised that atherosclerosis may also be increased in Takayasu arteritis. The frequency of atherosclerotic plaques and the intima-media thickness (IMT) were investigated in 30 female patients with Takayasu arteritis (mean age (standard deviation), 35.4 (8.0) years), along with 45 sex-matched and age-matched patients with SLE (37.4 (6.8)) and 50 healthy controls (38.2 (5.7)). Plaques were scanned and IMT was measured at both sides of the common carotids, carotid bulb, and internal and external carotid arteries by B-mode ultrasonography. Traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis were also assessed. Most of the atherosclerotic risk factors were comparable between patients with Takayasu arteritis and SLE. More atherosclerotic plaques were observed among patients with Takayasu arteritis (8/30; 27%) and those with SLE (8/45; 18%) than among the healthy controls (1/50; 2%; p = 0.005). Logistic regression analyses showed that the presence of a plaque was associated only with age in both Takayasu arteritis and SLE (p = 0.04 and 0.02, respectively). The mean overall IMT was significantly higher among patients with Takayasu arteritis (0.95+/-0.31 mm) than among the patients with SLE (0.58+/-0.10 mm) and the healthy controls (0.59+/-0.08 mm; p<0.001). Patients with Takayasu arteritis have a high rate of atherosclerotic plaques, at least as frequent as that observed among patients with SLE.
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 09/2006; 65(9):1202-7. · 9.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is widely appreciated that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) get thinner and shorter hair. However little work has been done to quantitate this. We assessed hair thickness of SLE patients and compared this to that of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls (HC). Fifty-seven female patients with SLE (mean age: 32 +/- 8 years) and 77 female patients with RA (mean age: 50 +/- 12 years) were studied along with 75 healthy women (mean age: 27 +/- 6 years). Five strands of hair were taken from each subset and mounted on glass slides. Two independent observers, blind to the sources of the hair, measured the hair strands under a light microscope, using a micrometer. Finally, the mean hair thickness between each of the three groups was calculated. The hair in both SLE and RA patients was found to be thinner than that of HC by both observers (P < 0.001). Age adjusted analysis between SLE and HC showed similar results. However, there was no significant difference in hair thickness between SLE and RA. SLE patients have thinner hair compared to HC. More studies are needed to investigate the effect of disease activity, therapy and other factors on hair diameter.
    Lupus 02/2006; 15(5):282-4. · 2.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

279 Citations
81.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2013
    • Istanbul University
      • • Department of Nephrology
      • • Department of Family Medicine (Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine)
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2011
    • Akdeniz University
      Satalia, Antalya, Turkey