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Publications (6)64.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The survival for patients with locally advanced, unresectable non-small cell lung cancer receiving standard of care concomitant chemoradiation remains disappointingly low. A reduction in both local and distant recurrence is needed to improve patients' outcome. Performing molecular studies on serially collected tumor specimens may result in a better selection of therapeutic options. We conducted a phase II single-institution trial of two cycles of induction chemotherapy with gemcitabine and carboplatin followed by high-dose conformal radiation concomitant with weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin in 39 patients. The trial required a dedicated tumor biopsy before treatment initiation. In addition, tumor biopsies were requested, if safely feasible, before initiation of chemoradiation and 2 months after completion all therapy. Induction chemotherapy was well tolerated, and 38 patients proceeded with chemoradiation. The mean delivered radiation dose was 70.2 Gy, 23 patients received the full dose of 74 Gy, and 19 patients completed all treatment on schedule without dose reductions or delays. Median overall and progression-free survivals were 22.7 and 14.3 months, respectively. A total of 82 procedures, including 46 transthoracic core needle biopsies, were performed. Thirteen patients had all three serial tumor biopsies. Three of these procedures resulted in complications that required an intervention; all for the treatment of a biopsy-induced pneumothorax. We conclude that induction gemcitabine/carboplatin followed by concurrent paclitaxel/carboplatin with conformal radiation to 74 Gy is safe and tolerable with promising efficacy. We demonstrated that dedicated and serial tumor collections are safe, feasible, and acceptable for patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 03/2011; 6(3):553-8. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is based on clinical trials experience. Molecular characteristics that impact metabolism and efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents are not used for decision making. Ribonucleotide reductase subunit 1 (RRM1) is crucial for nucleotide metabolism, and it is the dominant molecular determinant of gemcitabine efficacy. Excision repair cross-complementing group 1 gene (ERCC1), a component of the nucleotide excision repair complex, is important for platinum-induced DNA adduct repair. We hypothesized that selection of double-agent chemotherapy based on tumoral RRM1 and ERCC1 expression would be feasible and beneficial for patients with advanced NSCLC. We conducted a prospective phase II clinical trial in patients with advanced NSCLC. Patients were required to have a dedicated tumor biopsy for determination of RRM1 and ERCC1 gene expression by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Double-agent chemotherapy consisting of carboplatin, gemcitabine, docetaxel, and vinorelbine was selected based on gene expression. Disease response and patient survival were monitored. Eighty-five patients were registered, 75 had the required biopsy without significant complications, 60 fulfilled all eligibility criteria, and gene expression analysis was not feasible in five patients. RRM1 expression ranged from 0 to 1,637, ERCC1 expression ranged from 1 to 8,103, and their expression was correlated (Spearman's rho = 0.46; P < .01). Disease response was 44%. Overall survival was 59% and progression-free survival was 14% at 12 months, with a median of 13.3 and 6.6 months, respectively. Therapeutic decision making based on RRM1 and ERCC1 gene expression for patients with advanced NSCLC is feasible and promising for improvement in patient outcome
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2007; 25(19):2741-6. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The heart is an exceedingly rare site of metastatic involvement in carcinoid tumors. Only nineteen cases have been described in the literature over the past 30 years. We report here on a patient who presented with progressive carcinoid syndrome despite surgical resection of her liver metastases. She was found to have cardiac metastases on inidium-111-pentetreotide scintigraphy and subsequently underwent external beam radiation to the heart resulting in symptomatic palliation of her syndrome and objective radiographic response. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of metastatic cardiac carcinoid treated with external beam irradiation.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 02/2007; 1:95.
  • JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 06/2003; 289(18):2358; author reply 2358-9. · 29.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of patients with suspected or known lung cancer is becoming increasingly complex. State-of-the-art care often requires input from many sources, including pulmonology, thoracic surgery, medical oncology, radiation oncology, pathology, and radiology. Valuable contributions to care also come from nursing, social work, psychology, psychiatry, pastoral care, and palliative care, among others. As a result, multidisciplinary input into care is vital. Patients with suspected lung cancer should be expeditiously evaluated and referred for management. Clear and understandable information on the diagnosis, treatment options, and possible outcomes should be provided. Treatment recommendations should be based on locally agreed-on adaptations of clinical practice guidelines. Provisions for ongoing care should be apparent to all concerned
    Chest 02/2003; 123(1 Suppl):332S-337S. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To appraise the potential cost-effectiveness of lung cancer screening with CT. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios are estimated for two hypothetical cohorts followed up over time. One cohort was screened over the first 5 years of the study period; the other cohort received usual care. Cost streams are projected for each cohort under alternative sets of parameters/ assumptions and from the perspective of national payer groups. Cohort cost differentials arise as a result of screening and variations in stage-specific treatment. Cohort life expectancies are also projected, and they too differ as a consequence of variations in the stage distribution at diagnosis. The ratios of these cost and life-expectancy differences are used to judge the expected economic value of screening. Results are analyzed for a "worst-case" scenario, ie, with the highest cost and lowest yield assumptions. Under these conditions, screening with CT costs approximately $48,000 per life-year gained, if screening results in 50% of lung cancers detected at localized stage. Smaller proportions of cancer detected at a localized stage result in higher cost-effectiveness ratios, and vice versa. If screening for lung cancer is effective, it is likely to be cost-effective if the screening process can detect > 50% of cancers at localized stage.
    Chest 06/2002; 121(5):1507-14. · 5.85 Impact Factor