Are you David Guthrie?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)179.3 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum CA125 concentration often rises several months before clinical or symptomatic relapse in women with ovarian cancer. In the MRC OV05/EORTC 55955 collaborative trial, we aimed to establish the benefits of early treatment on the basis of increased CA125 concentrations compared with delayed treatment on the basis of clinical recurrence. Women with ovarian cancer in complete remission after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy and a normal CA125 concentration were registered for this randomised controlled trial. Clinical examination and CA125 measurement were done every 3 months. Patients and investigators were masked to CA125 results, which were monitored by coordinating centres. If CA125 concentration exceeded twice the upper limit of normal, patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by minimisation to early or delayed chemotherapy. Patients and clinical sites were informed of allocation to early treatment, and treatment was started as soon as possible within 28 days of the increased CA125 measurement. Patients assigned to delayed treatment continued masked CA125 measurements, with treatment commencing at clinical or symptomatic relapse. All patients were treated according to standard local practice. The primary outcome was overall survival. Analysis was by intention to treat. This study is registered, ISRCTN87786644. 1442 patients were registered for the trial, of whom 529 were randomly assigned to treatment groups and were included in our analysis (265 early, 264 delayed). With a median follow-up of 56·9 months (IQR 37·4-81·8) from randomisation and 370 deaths (186 early, 184 delayed), there was no evidence of a difference in overall survival between early and delayed treatment (HR 0·98, 95% CI 0·80-1·20, p=0·85). Median survival from randomisation was 25·7 months (95% CI 23·0-27·9) for patients on early treatment and 27·1 months (22·8-30·9) for those on delayed treatment. Our findings showed no evidence of a survival benefit with early treatment of relapse on the basis of a raised CA125 concentration alone, and therefore the value of routine measurement of CA125 in the follow-up of patients with ovarian cancer who attain a complete response after first-line treatment is not proven. UK Medical Research Council and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer.
    The Lancet 10/2010; 376(9747):1155-63. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61268-8 · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The question of whether platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy can improve outcomes in patients with early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer is an important one. We carried out a multicenter, open randomized trial to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy would improve overall survival and prolong recurrence-free survival in women with early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer. Between August 1991 and January 2000, 477 patients in 84 centers in five countries were randomly assigned to receive either adjuvant chemotherapy immediately following surgery (n = 241) or no adjuvant chemotherapy until clinically indicated (n = 236). Kaplan-Meier curves of overall survival and recurrence-free survival were compared using the Mantel-Cox version of the log-rank test. All statistical tests were two-sided. Women who received adjuvant chemotherapy had better overall survival than women who did not (hazard ratio [HR] of 0.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.45 to 0.97; P =.03). These results translate into 5-year survival figures of 70% for women who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy and 79% for women who did receive adjuvant chemotherapy, a difference of 9% (95% CI = 1% to 15%). Adjuvant chemotherapy also improved recurrence-free survival (HR = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.46 to 0.91; P =.01). These results translate into 5-year recurrence-free survival figures of 62% for women who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy and 73% for women who did receive adjuvant chemotherapy, a difference of 11% (95% CI = 3% to 18%). These results suggest that platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy improves survival and delays recurrence in patients with early-stage ovarian cancer.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 02/2003; 95(2):125-32. · 15.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adjuvant chemotherapy has been suggested as a possible strategy to improve survival in women with early-stage ovarian cancer; however, all randomized studies to date have been too small to answer this question reliably. We performed a preplanned combined analysis of two parallel randomized clinical trials (International Collaborative Ovarian Neoplasm 1 [ICON1] and Adjuvant ChemoTherapy In Ovarian Neoplasm [ACTION]) in early-stage ovarian cancer that compared platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy with observation following surgery. Between November 1990 and January 2000, 925 patients (477 in ICON1 and 448 in ACTION) who had surgery for early-stage ovarian cancer were randomly assigned to receive platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 465) or observation (n = 460) until chemotherapy was indicated. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare overall and recurrence-free survival by treatment allocation. In subgroup analyses of pretreatment age, tumor stage, histologic cell type, and differentiation grade, the differences in relative size of effect were tested using a chi-square test for interaction or a chi-square test for trend. All tests of statistical significance were two-sided. After a median follow-up of over 4 years, 245 patients had died or had a recurrence (ICON1: 133, ACTION: 112). Overall survival at 5 years was 82% in the chemotherapy arm and 74% in the observation arm (difference = 8% [95% confidence interval (CI) = 2% to 12%]; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.50 to 0.90; P =.008). Recurrence-free survival at 5 years was also better in the adjuvant chemotherapy arm than it was in the observation arm (76% versus 65%, difference = 11% [95% CI = 5% to 16%]; HR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.50 to 0.82; P =.001). Subgroup analyses provided no evidence of a difference in the size of effect of chemotherapy on survival in any pretreatment subcategory. Platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy improved overall survival and recurrence-free survival at 5 years in this combined group of patients with early-stage ovarian cancer defined by the inclusion criteria of the ICON1 and ACTION trials.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 02/2003; 95(2):105-12. · 15.16 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 12/2002; 360(9350):2088. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11987-8 · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 04/2001; 37. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(01)81512-4 · 4.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this systematic study was to provide an up to date and reliable quantitative summary of the relative benefits of various types of chemotherapy (non-platinum vs platinum, single-agent vs combination and carboplatin vs cisplatin) in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer. Also, to investigate whether well-defined patient subgroups benefit more or less from cisplatin- or carboplatin-based therapy. Meta-analyses were based on updated individual patient data from all available randomized controlled trials (published and unpublished), including 37 trials, 5667 patients and 4664 deaths. The results suggest that platinum-based chemotherapy is better than non-platinum therapy, show a trend in favour of platinum combinations over single-agent platinum, and suggest that cisplatin and carboplatin are equally effective. There is no good evidence that cisplatin is more or less effective than carboplatin in any particular subgroup of patients. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3
    British Journal of Cancer 01/1999; 78(11):1479-87. · 4.82 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 10/1992; 340(8820):678-9. DOI:10.1016/0140-6736(92)92221-Z · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a systematic overview or meta-analysis of 54 randomized clinical trials testing a variety of chemotherapeutic approaches in advanced ovarian carcinoma. Prolonged follow-up data are available for most patients and individual patient data were made available for all patients; analysis was made on the basis of "intention to treat." Our report concentrates on two comparisons: (1) platinum alone versus platinum in combination, which appears to show a long-term survival advantage for the combination (however, the platinum dose in the single-agent arm was relatively low); and (2) carboplatin versus cisplatin, which shows no obvious survival differences. It is striking that no single study to date has been large enough to detect the modest survival differences expected from current therapy. Consequently, a series of international studies have been initiated. The International Collaborative Ovarian Neoplasm (ICON) group will examine the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in early ovarian cancer (ICON 1) and will compare carboplatin with cisplatin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide in more advanced disease (ICON 2).
    Seminars in Oncology 03/1992; 19(1 Suppl 2):120-8. · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    BMJ Clinical Research 02/1992; 304(6819):119. DOI:10.1136/bmj.304.6819.119-a · 14.09 Impact Factor
  • Controlled Clinical Trials 08/1990; 11(4):255. DOI:10.1016/0197-2456(90)90045-4
  • Gynecologic Oncology 07/1990; 37(3):359-62. DOI:10.1016/0090-8258(90)90367-T · 3.69 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Previously, we have shown that the combination of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (CAP) and singleagent carboplatin produce similar survival and progression-free survival rates in women with ovarian cancer. Subsequently, paclitaxel combined with platinum has become a widely accepted treatment for the disease. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel plus carboplatin with a control of either CAP or carboplatin alone. Methods: Between February, 1995, and October, 1998, we enrolled 2074 patients from 130 centres in eight countries. Women were randomly assigned paclitaxel plus carboplatin or control, the control (CAP or single-agent carboplatin) being chosen by the patient and clinician before randomisation. The primary outcome measure was overall survival. Secondary outcomes were progression-free survival and toxicity. Analysis was by intention to treat. Findings: With a median follow-up of 51 months, 1265 patients had died, and survival curves showed no evidence of a difference in overall survival between paclitaxel plus carboplatin and control (hazard ratio 0·98, 95% CI 0·87–1·10, p=0·74). The median overall survival was 36·1 months on paclitaxel plus carboplatin and 35·4 months on control (difference 0·7 months, 95% CI −3·6 to 4·7). 1538 patients had progressive disease or died, and again, Kaplan-Meier curves showed no evidence of a difference between the groups (hazard ratio 0·93, 95% CI 0·84–1·03, p=0·16). Median progression-free survival was 17·3 months on paclitaxel plus carboplatin and 16·1 months on control (difference 1·2 months, 95% CI −0·5 to 2·8). Paclitaxel plus carboplatin caused more alopecia, fever, and sensory neuropathy than carboplatin alone, and more sensory neuropathy than CAP. CAP was associated with more fever than paclitaxel plus carboplatin. Interpretation: Single-agent carboplatin and CAP are as effective as paclitaxel plus carboplatin as first-line treatment for women requiring chemotherapy for ovarian cancer. The favourable toxicity profile of single-agent carboplatin suggests that this drug is a reasonable option as first-line chemotherapy for ovarian cancer.