Takatsugu Komiyama

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States

Are you Takatsugu Komiyama?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)11.3 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to promote nerve regeneration across a peripheral nerve gap, using a biologic, tissue-engineered nerve (TEN), containing a high density of viable Schwann cells (SCs) in the absence of supportive foreign materials and a tubular system. Isolated SCs from adult rat sciatic nerve were seeded onto biodegradable constructs and implanted into the backs of nude mice to create TENs. Six weeks later, the constructs were harvested, implanted into surgically created sciatic nerve gaps in rats without supportive artificial conduits and compared with both an autograft group and a silicone conduit group using SCs. Two months later, functional assessment was evaluated by walking track analysis and the implanted lesions were imaged by transmission electron microscopy. The axonal number and sciatic function index of the TEN were significantly higher than those of the silicone group and achieved a comparable level to the autograft group. The results indicate that the large number of SCs within their own extracellular matrix appeared sufficient to enable neuronal growth across a nerve gap in the absence of an artificial conduit and that these circumstances may have a positive effect on the supplement of growth factors from the surrounding tissues of implanted TEN.
    Journal of Neuroscience Methods 05/2004; 134(2):133-40. · 2.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report studies on the mechanism of action of bisphenol A (BPA) on the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). Our results show that: (1) BPA inhibits the differentiation of OPCs induced by exposure to thyroid hormone (T3). (2) The effect is mediated through various mechanisms via the thyroid hormone receptor (TRbeta1) which is considered to be responsible for OPC differentiation. (3) The action of BPA on OPC differentiation does not involve the FcRgamma-Fyn-myelin basic protein (MBP) cascade as an inducer of OPC differentiation nor does it suppress CREB phosphorylation, which is considered to be induced by the T3-TR complex. (4) The presence of MBP isoforms (21.5, 18.5, 17.0 and 14.0 kDa) was detected in OPCs, and the expression of exon 2-containing isoforms (i.e. 17.0 and 21.5 kDa) was upregulated upon treatment with T3. In contrast, expression of MBP was inhibited by BPA.
    Neuroendocrinology 02/2004; 80(1):21-30. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report studies on the mechanism of action of bisphenol A (BPA) on the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). Our results show that: (1) BPA inhibits the differentiation of OPCs induced by exposure to thyroid hormone (T3). (2) The effect is mediated through various mechanisms via the thyroid hormone receptor (TRβ1) which is considered to be responsible for OPC differentiation. (3) The action of BPA on OPC differentiation does not involve the FcR=γ-Fyn-myelin basic protein (MBP) cascade as an inducer of OPC differentiation nor does it suppress CREB phosphorylation, which is considered to be induced by the T3-TR complex. (4) The presence of MBP isoforms (21.5, 18.5, 17.0 and 14.0 kDa) was detected in OPCs, and the expression of exon 2-containing isoforms (i.e. 17.0 and 21.5 kDa) was upregulated upon treatment with T3. In contrast, expression of MBP was inhibited by BPA.
    Neuroendocrinology 01/2004; 80:60-64. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of an artificial nerve conduit containing viable Schwann cells (SCs) is one of the most promising approaches to repair nerve injuries. Obtaining a large number of viable SCs in a short period is demanded for the clinical use of this technique. However, the previous methods using mitogens are not clinically acceptable, and other methods that do not require mitogens, failed to isolate adult SCs effectively or required a long period of time. In this study, we have developed a novel technique to isolate SCs from adult rat peripheral nerves for an artificial nerve conduit without mitogens, which has produced a total number of 1.21 x 10(5) cells per mg, with an average purity of 93.0+/-0.58% at 21 days in vitro. The Bottenstein-Sato (BS) medium used in this study, had originally been developed for oligodendrocyte culture, but here it is shown to have an effect on SC proliferation and survival. By changing fetal bovine serum (FBS) concentrations from 0 to 10% serially, SCs could be isolated maximally from the predegenerated nerves while suppressing fibroblast overgrowth. The combination of this technique and the altered medium promoted the migration and proliferation of SCs selectively by utilizing the supporting cells of SCs instead of discarding them by changing the culture dishes and media.
    Journal of Neuroscience Methods 02/2003; 122(2):195-200. · 2.11 Impact Factor