Cuneyt Ozakin

Uludag University, United States

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Publications (14)25.62 Total impact

  • Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances - J ANIM VET ADV. 01/2010; 9(10):1432-1435.
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    ABSTRACT: Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a well-established cause of nosocomial diarrhea. The aim of our study was to define the incidence of nosocomial diarrhea in our hospital and to determine the role of C. difficile. Additionally, the risk factors for nosocomial diarrhea and Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) were investigated. We included all patients, 18 years of age or more, who were admitted to the Uludag Teaching Hospital between October 1, 2004 and February 1, 2005, and developed diarrhea at least three days after hospital admission. A case-control study was performed. The total incidence of nosocomial diarrhea was 0.6 per 1,000 hospitalization-days and 5 per 1,000 patients' admissions. Previous use of chemotherapy was found to be an important predisposing factor for nosocomial diarrhea. The incidence of CDAD was 0.26 per 1,000 hospitalization-days and 2.1 per 1,000 admissions, comparable with incidence rates in Europe. CDAD was diagnosed in 43% of patients with nosocomial diarrhea. No severe cases of CDAD were diagnosed. A correlation was found between CDAD and antibiotic use before admission and during admission in univariate analysis. PCR ribotyping revealed four strains of PCR ribotype 002 and 1 strain of ribotype 012 out of 5C. difficile strains available for extensive identification. The incidence rates of nosocomial diarrhea and CDAD are not different than the usual incidence rates in Europe. C. difficile was the causative agent in 43% of patients with nosocomial diarrhea.
    Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 04/2009; 39(6):382-7. · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • T Kaya, H Ozan, C Ozakin
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is believed to play a role in several gynecological and obstetric pathologies since the cervical mucosa resembles the gastric environment. The microorganism is expected to infect the upper genital tract via the oral-genital and fecal-genital routes. We studied 35 cases with benign, ASCUS, ASC-H, LSIL and HSIL pap-smear results. The presence of H. pylori in the uterine cervix and active infection were investigated with the H. pylori stool antigen test. Biopsy specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Warthin-Starry stains to find H. pylori in cervical tissue. Seroprevalence was investigated by using ELISA for H. pylori IgG and IgA. The H. pylori seroprevalence was 65.7%; further, 17.1% of the cases had an active infection. H. pylori was not found in the cervix or the cervicovaginal secretions. The cervix is not a reservoir for H. pylori, and the microorganism does not appear to be transmitted through the fecal-genital route.
    Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology 02/2009; 36(2):113-5. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of Shigella and Salmonella in a range of foodstuffs purchased from supermarkets and smaller units in Bursa province (Turkey) over a 7-month period between December 2004 and June 2005 was evaluated. In total 416 food samples composed from chicken parts, minced meats, ready-to-eat salads, raw vegetables and raw milks were analysed. Among the samples only one chicken thigh sample (0.24%) was found to be contaminated with Salmonella whereas Shigella was not isolated from any samples. Isolated Salmonella strain was serotyped as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Infantis (S. Infantis) and displayed multidrug resistance to several antibiotics including streptomycin, tetracycline, sulphonamides, trimethoprim, trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and nalidixic acid. Decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin (MIC 0.38 mg/L by E-test) was also determined. The present study revealed that despite low contamination rate, foodstuffs particularly chicken parts could be a potential vehicle for foodborne infections and implementation of preventive measures and consumer food safety education efforts are needed.
    Food Control 11/2008; · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the risk factors for community acquired/onset urinary tract infections due to extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae in 62 patients who were followed-up from August 1, 2003 to September 1, 2006. Sixty patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections caused by ESBL-negative E. coli or K. pneumoniae who were followed-up during the same dates were included as a control group. Age (> or =65 or <65 years old), sex, bladder cancer, benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH), prostate cancer, urolithiasis, urethral catheter, previous urological operation, diabetes mellitus, use of antibiotics during the last 3 months and hospitalization during the last 3 months were investigated as risk factors. The presence of previous urological operation and quinolone or cephalosporin use for any infection during the last 3 months were found to be independent risk factors. Knowing the risk factors for community acquired/onset urinary tract infections caused by ESBL-positive E. coli or K. pneumoniae is of great importance in planning empirical antibiotic therapy.
    Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 11/2008; 20(5):581-5. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present paper was to determine the rate of culture-proven nosocomial infections and evaluate the episodes of nosocomial Gram-positive (GP) bacterial infections in pediatric patients. The data of children with positive culture, who were diagnosed as having nosocomial infection on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, were examined and only the patients with nosocomial GP bacterial infections were included in the study. Between January 1997 and January 2004 a total of 836 episodes of nosocomial GP bacterial infections were observed. The most frequently seen nosocomial GP bacterial infections were primary bloodstream infections (BSI; 43%), ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections (18%), and nosocomial pneumonias (11%). Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CONS; 46%) were the most common nosocomial GP bacteria isolated, followed by Staphylococcus aureus (33%). Methicillin resistance rates for CONS and S. aureus were 85% and 25.2%; respectively. The mortality rate was 4% of all children with nosocomial GP bacterial infections in the present study. In the present patients primary BSI were the most common nosocomial GP bacterial infections and CONS were the most frequent GP pathogen isolated. Antimicrobial resistance in GP isolates is an increasing problem.
    Pediatrics International 01/2008; 49(6):875-82. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Between April 2000 and May 2005, 350 bacteraemic episodes occurred among patients treated in our haematology unit. Two hundred and twenty-eight of these episodes were caused by Gram-positive pathogens, most commonly coagulase-negative staphylococci and Staphylococcus aureus. One hundred and twenty-two episodes were due to Gram-negative pathogens, with a predominance of Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacillus bacteraemias constituted 12 of these episodes occurring in 12 patients, and accounted for 3.4% of all bacteraemic episodes. Of the 12 strains evaluated, seven were Bacillus licheniformis, three were Bacillus cereus and two were Bacillus pumilus. Seven episodes presented with bloodstream infection, three with pneumonia, one with severe abdominal pain and deterioration of liver function, and one with a catheter-related bloodstream infection. B. licheniformis was isolated from five patients who had been hospitalized at the same time. This outbreak was related to non-sterile cotton wool used during skin disinfection. B. cereus and B. licheniformis isolates were susceptible to cefepime, carbapenems, aminoglycosides and vancomycin, but B. pumilus isolates were resistant to all antibiotics except for quinolones and vancomycin. Two deaths were observed. In conclusion, Bacillus spp. may cause serious infections, diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas, and high morbidity and mortality in patients with haematological malignancies. Both B. cereus and B. licheniformis may be among the 'new' Gram-positive pathogens to cause serious infection in patients with neutropenia.
    Journal of Hospital Infection 11/2006; 64(2):169-76. · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • Halis Akalin, Cuneyt Ozakin, Suna Gedikoglu
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular epidemiologic surveillance of Acinetobacter baumannii by polymerase chain reaction-randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis in a university hospital for 3 consecutive study periods. Twelve different Acinetobacter baumannii genotypes (A-L) were detected. Although only 2 genotypes were detected during the first period and genotype A appeared to be the most common genotype, genotype D was included in these genotypes during the second study period. Genotype A completely disappeared during the third period. Although the presence of genotype C and the genotype D continued during the third period, 9 new genotypes were detected during this period. Genotype A appeared to be the most common genotype in the hospital (detected in 19 different clinics). The distribution of genotypes in clinical samples correlated with patient traffic between them. Some genotypes were found in both clinical and environmental samples. Seventeen different antibiotypes were detected, according to antibiotic susceptibility profiles. Environmental contamination, airborne transmission, patient transfer, and cross-contamination play important roles in epidemics caused by A. baumannii in our hospital. The distribution of genotypes can change over time, so antibiotyping is not appropriate for the epidemiological analysis of A. baumanii infection.
    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 05/2006; 27(4):404-8. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of central venous catheters impregnated with chlorhexidine and silver sulphadiazine on the incidence of colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infection in critically ill patients. One hundred and thirty-three patients requiring central venous catheterization were chosen at random to receive either an antiseptic-impregnated triple-lumen catheter (N=64) or a standard triple-lumen catheter (N=69). The mean (SD) durations of catheterization for the antiseptic and standard catheters were 11.7 (5.8) days (median 10; range 3-29) and 8.9 (4.6) days (median 8.0; range 3-20), respectively (P=0.006). Fourteen (21.9%) of the antiseptic catheters and 14 (20.3%) of the standard catheters had been colonized at the time of removal (P=0.834). Four cases (6.3%) of catheter-related bloodstream infection were associated with antiseptic catheters and one case (1.4%) was associated with a standard catheter (P=0.195). The catheter colonization rates were 18.7/1000 catheter-days for the antiseptic catheter group and 22.6/1000 catheter-days for the standard catheter group (P=0.640). The catheter-related bloodstream infection rates were 5.3/1000 catheter-days for the antiseptic catheter group and 1.6/1000 catheter-days for the standard catheter group (P=0.452). In conclusion, our results indicate that the use of antiseptic-impregnated central venous catheters has no effect on the incidence of either catheter colonization or catheter-related bloodstream infection in critically ill patients.
    Journal of Hospital Infection 03/2006; 62(2):156-62. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We measured plasma concentrations of TGF-beta 1 in patients with obstructive ureteral calculi and compared them with the plasma concentrations of healthy volunteers. The present study was a prospective study containing a homogenous group of patients with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The study consisted of patients with ureteral stones less than 7 mm in diameter that caused mild to moderate obstruction. All patients were referred by the emergency department of our hospital and examined between April 2003 and April 2004. The presence and characteristics of both stone and obstruction were determined by plain abdominal x-ray and gray-scale ultrasonography (US). Blood samples were collected from both patients and control individuals on admission and 1 week after conservative follow-up. The plasma TGF-beta 1 concentration was determined using a quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay specific for TGF-beta 1. There were 35 patients with 20 women and 15 men (average age 26.8+/-5.9 years), and 15 volunteers in the control group, with nine women and six men (average age 24.2+/-4.5 years). Average stone size was 5.6 mm+/-1.2 mm (range 3.5-7) for the patient group. US showed the presence of mild hydronephrosis in 24 and moderate hydronephrosis in 11 patients. Plasma concentrations of TGF-beta 1 in patients with ureteral obstruction (1,117+/-5.8 ng/ml, range 36-2,442 ng/ml) were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (32+/-4 ng/ml) on admission (P<0.001). There was a significant increase in TGF-beta 1 plasma concentrations in the patient group (33,525+/-6.8 ng/ml, range 1,107-73,288 ng/ml) after 1 week follow-up (P<0.001). Ureteral obstruction increases plasma TGF-beta 1 concentrations in patients with ureteral stones as in UUO models in animal studies. A concomitant treatment with an anti-fibrotic agent may reduce the incidence of renal injury during obstruction.
    Urological Research 12/2005; 33(6):465-9. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Brucellar spondylitis is one of the most serious complications of brucellosis. It should be considered in patients who have back pain and neurologic disorders as well as systemic symptoms and findings in or from endemic areas such as Turkey. This report describes important features of the disease. : Twenty-five patients with brucellar spondylitis were retrospectively evaluated in terms of their clinical, laboratory, and radiologic features and their response to different treatment regimens. : The most common symptoms of brucellar spondylitis were back pain, fever, and sweating. Rose Bengal tests were positive in all of these patients. Brucella species was isolated from blood cultures of 8 (32%) patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the lumbar segment was the most frequently involved region. Different combination regimens including 2 or 3 antibiotics were used. Combination of tetracycline (especially doxycycline) and streptomycin was the most widely used therapy regimen. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and rifampin were also included in some combination therapies. In this series, the mean duration of antimicrobial therapy was 130 +/- 45.6 days (range, 77-281 days), and 92% of patients received therapy for >/= 90 days. There were no mortalities in this study. : Brucellar spondylitis should be considered in patients with back pain and neurologic disorders as well as systemic symptoms and findings in endemic areas. MR imaging is recommended in suspected cases. The patients can be treated effectively treated with appropriate antibiotic combinations. Follow up is important because relapses can occur.
    JCR Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 01/2005; 10(6):300-7. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some automated systems used in clinical microbiology laboratories are able to detect products responsible for antimicrobial resistance. In this study, 626 isolates (436 Escherichia coli, 134 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 56 Klebsiella oxytoca strains) were examined for the presumptive detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production by 2 methods: the Sceptor system (BD, Sparks, MD, USA) and the E-test. ESBL production was detected in 26 E. coli strains (5.96%), 60 K. pneumoniae strains (44.77%) and 15 K. oxytoca strains (26.78%) by ceftazidime/ceftazidime-clavulanate E-test. Using the E-test, ESBL production was detected in 25 of 201 E. coli strains (12.43%), 55 of 75 K. pneumoniae (73.33%) and 14 of 27 K. oxytoca strains (51.85%) that were alerted as ESBL-producing strains by the Sceptor system. ESBL positivity was detected in 1 E. coli, 5 K. pneumoniae and 1 K. oxytoca strains, that were not warned as being ESBL producers by the Sceptor system. These data suggest that clinical microbiology laboratories should not only rely on these rapid automated systems but also use another method for screening ESBL producers, such as the E-test. The rates of these ESBL-producing isolates in this study were lower than those in other studies reported from other parts of Turkey, but higher than those reported from the USA and Europe.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 02/2003; 35(10):700-3. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of anterior chamber continuous infusion maintainer system on the contamination of anterior chamber in phacoemulsification surgery. Clear corneal phacoemulsification surgery was performed in 132 eyes of 132 randomly selected patients with cataract who were divided into two groups of 66 eyes according to the use of an anterior chamber maintainer (ACM) system. The fluid specimens were taken from anterior chamber in the beginning and at the end of the surgery. They were transferred under anaerobic conditions and investigated by culturing onto blood agar and thiogluconate broth media. Differences between the two groups with respect to contamination of the specimens were investigated. The mean age of the group undergoing surgery without a maintainer system (Group A) was 63 +/- 10 years (min = 41, max = 80) versus 59 +/- 10 years (min = 33, max = 80) in the other group (Group B) in which the maintainer was used during surgery. In the postoperative specimen, Micrococcus species were isolated from one eye (1.5%) in Group A and S. pyogenes in one eye (1.5%) from Group B. Mean follow-up interval was 12 +/- 6 (min = 4, max = 28) months. The use of ACM system in clear corneal phacoemulsification surgery carries no additional risks as far as contamination is concerned.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2003; 13(9-10):770-2. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    Critical Care 01/2003; 7:1-1. · 4.93 Impact Factor