F. Ye

University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States

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Publications (90)210.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We have synthesized and studied single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 that features dimer chains of two inequivalent octahedra occupied by tetravalent and pentavalent ions, respectively. Ba5AlIr2O11 is a Mott insulator that undergoes a subtle structural phase transition near 210 K and a magnetic transition at 4.5 K; the latter transition is surprisingly resistant to applied magnetic fields up to 12 T, but sensitive to modest applied pressure. All results indicate that the phase transition at 210 K signals an enhanced charge order that induces electrical dipoles and strong dielectric response near 210 K. It is clear that the strong covalency and spin-orbit interaction (SOI) suppress double exchange in Ir dimers and stabilize a novel magnetic state. The novel behavior of Ba5AlIr2O11 therefore provides unique insights into the physics of SOI along with strong covalency in competition with double exchange interactions of comparable strength.
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    ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that in strongly correlated systems with noniteger electron occupation there is a competition between the conventional double exchange, leading to ferromagnetism, and the tendency for electrons with strongly overlapping orbitals and large intersite hopping to form a nonmagnetic singlet molecular orbital on a dimer. This tendency is enhanced by the strong spin-orbit coupling. We show that this happens in our newly synthesized single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 containing dimers with Ir ions having mixed valence Ir4.5+. Single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 demonstrates that the magnetic moment of a dimer is indeed considerably reduced, to 1.04 mB. Furthermore, according to our structural, transport, magnetic and specific heat measurements, it undergoes an intra-dimer charge ordering below TS = 210 K and an antiferromagnetic transition at TM = 4.5 K, despite its one-dimensional character. Ab initio calculations correctly capture the properties of this system and confirm that molecular orbital formation in combination with spin-orbit coupling counteracts, and in this case suppresses double exchange. We argue that this effect could be observed in many other, predominantly 4d and 5d systems with large electron hopping and small Hunds rule coupling.
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    ABSTRACT: We report structural, magnetic, transport and thermal properties of single-crystal Ca2Ru1-xIrxO4 (0 < x< 0.65). Ca2RuO4 is a structurally-driven Mott insulator with a metal-insulator transition at TMI = 357 K, which is well separated from antiferromagnetic order at TN = 110 K. Substitution of 5d element, Ir, for Ru enhances spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and locking between the structural distortions and magnetic moment canting. In particular, Ir doping intensifies the distortion or rotation of Ru/IrO6 octahedra and induces weak ferromagnetic behavior along the c-axis. Moreover, the magnetic ordering temperature TN increases from 110 K at x = 0 to 215 K with enhanced magnetic anisotropy at x = 0.65. The effect of Ir doping sharply contrasts with that of 3d-element doping such as Cr, Mn and Fe, which suppresses TN and induces unusual negative volume thermal expansion. The stark difference between 3d- and 5d-element doping underlines a strong magnetoelastic coupling inherent in the Ir-rich oxides.
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    ABSTRACT: We report structural, magnetic, transport and thermal properties of single-crystal Ca2Ru1-xIrxO4 (0 < x< 0.65). Ca2RuO4 is a structurally-driven Mott insulator with a metal-insulator transition at TMI = 357 K, which is well separated from antiferromagnetic order at TN = 110 K. Substitution of 5d element, Ir, for Ru enhances spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and locking between the structural distortions and magnetic moment canting. In particular, Ir doping intensifies the distortion or rotation of Ru/IrO6 octahedra and induces weak ferromagnetic behavior along the c-axis. Moreover, the magnetic ordering temperature TN increases from 110 K at x = 0 to 215 K with enhanced magnetic anisotropy at x = 0.65. The effect of Ir doping sharply contrasts with that of 3d-element doping such as Cr, Mn and Fe, which suppresses TN and induces unusual negative volume thermal expansion. The stark difference between 3d- and 5d-element doping underlines a strong magnetoelastic coupling inherent in the Ir-rich oxides.
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    ABSTRACT: The magnetic and iron vacancy orders in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 single-crystals are investigated by using a high-pressure neutron diffraction technique. Similar to the temperature effect, the block antiferromagnetic order gradually decreases upon increasing pressure while the Fe vacancy superstructural order remains intact before its precipitous disappearance at the critical pressure Pc = 8.3 GPa. Combined with previously determined Pc for superconductivity, our phase diagram under pressure reveals the concurrence of the block AFM order, the iron vacancy order and superconductivity for the 245 superconductor. A synthesis of current experimental data in a coherent physical picture is attempted.
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    ABSTRACT: The magnetic and iron vacancy orders in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 single-crystals are investigated by using a high-pressure neutron diffraction technique. Similar to the temperature effect, the block antiferromagnetic order gradually decreases upon increasing pressure while the Fe vacancy superstructural order remains intact before its precipitous disappearance at the critical pressure Pc = 8.3 GPa. Combined with previously determined Pc for superconductivity, our phase diagram under pressure reveals the concurrence of the block AFM order, the iron vacancy order and superconductivity for the 245 superconductor. A synthesis of current experimental data in a coherent physical picture is attempted.
    Chinese Physics Letters 11/2014; 31(12):127401. DOI:10.1088/0256-307X/31/12/127401 · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The multiferroic properties of Mn 0.85 Co 0.15 WO 4 are studied in magnetic fields oriented along the monoclinic c-axis. A spontaneous sign reversal of the ferroelectric polarization is observed upon decreasing temperature if cooled in a constant magnetic field. This unusual phenomenon is explained by the coexistence of different multiferroic phases with conical and spiral spin structures. These phases form domains which contribute to the electrical polarization in different temperature ranges. The sign reversal of the polarization is explained by an analysis of the contributions from the different domains to the net value of the polarization. It is concluded that the spiral and conical magnetic orders in neighboring domains are strongly coupled leading to the preservation of the spin chirality across the domain walls.
    IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 11/2014; 50(11):2503904. DOI:10.1109/TMAG.2014.2320192 · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bulk and nanoparticle powders of LaCoO3 (LCO) were synthesized, and their magnetic and structural properties were studied using SQUID magnetometry and neutron diffraction. The bulk and large nanoparticles exhibit weak ferromagnetism (FM) below T ~ 85K and a crossover from strong to weak antiferromagnetic (AFM) correlations near a transition expressed in the lattice parameters, To ~ 40K. This crossover does not occur in the smallest nanoparticles; instead, the magnetic behavior is predominantly ferromagnetic. The amount of FM in the nanoparticles depends on the amount of Co3O4 impurity phase, which induces tensile strain on the LCO lattice. A core-interface model is introduced, with the core region exhibiting the AFM crossover and with FM in the interface region near surfaces and impurity phases.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 10/2014; 27(17). DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/27/17/176003 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bulk La_wCoO3 particles with w=1.1, 1.0, 0.9, 0.8, and 0.7 were synthesized using starting materials with varying molar ratios of La2O3 and Co3O4. The resulting particles are characterized as LaCoO3 crystals interfaced with a crystalline Co3O4 phase. X-ray and neutron scattering data show little effect on the average structure and lattice parameters of the LaCoO3 phase resulting from the Co3O4 content, but magnetization data indicate that the amount of Co3O4 strongly affects the ferromagnetic ordering at the interfaces below T_C ~89K. In addition to ferromagnetic long-range order, LaCoO3 exhibits antiferromagnetic behavior with an unusual temperature dependence. The magnetization for fields 20 Oe < H < 5 kOe is fit to a combination of a power law ((T-T_C)/T_C)^beta behavior representing the ferromagnetic long-range order and sigmoid-convoluted Curie-Weiss-like behavior representing the antiferromagnetic behavior. The critical exponent beta=0.63 +- 0.02 is consistent with 2D (surface) ordering. Increased Co3O4 correlates well to increased ferromagnetism. The weakening of the antiferromagnetism below T ~ 40K is a consequence of the lattice reaching a critical rhombahedral distortion as T is decreased for core regions far from the Co3O4 interfaces. We introduce a model that describes the ferromagnetic behavior of the interface regions and the unusual antiferromagnetism of the core regions.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 10/2014; 27(12). DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/27/12/126001 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We synthesize and study single crystals of the layered honeycomb lattice Mott insulators Na2RuO3 and Li2RuO3 with magnetic Ru4+(4d4) ions. The newly found Na2RuO3 features a nearly ideal honeycomb lattice and orders antiferromagnetically at 30 K. Single-crystals of Li2RuO3 adopt a honeycomb lattice with either C2/m or more distorted P21/m below 300 K, depending on detailed synthesis conditions. We find that Li2RuO3 in both structures hosts a well-defined magnetic state, in contrast to the singlet ground state found in polycrystalline Li2RuO3. A phase diagram generated based on our results uncovers a new, direct correlation between the magnetic ground state and basal-plane distortions in the honeycomb ruthenates.
    Physical Review B 10/2014; 90:161110. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.161110 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A flop of electric polarization from $P$$\parallel$$c$ ($P_c$) to $P$$\parallel$$a$ ($P_a$) is observed in MnTiO$_3$ as a spin flop transition is triggered by a $c$-axis magnetic field, $H_{\|c}$=7 T. The critical magnetic field $H_{\|c}$ for $P_a$ is significantly reduced in Mn$_{1-x}$Ni$_x$TiO$_3$ (x=0.33). $P_a$ and $P_c$ have been observed with both $H_{\|c}$ and $H_{\|a}$. Neutron diffraction measurements revealed similar magnetic arrangements for the two compositions where the ordered spins couple antiferromagnetically with their nearest intra- and inter-planar neighbors. In the x=0.33 system, the uniaxial and planar anisotropies of Mn$^{2+}$ and Ni$^{2+}$ compete and give rise to a spin reorientation transition at $T_R$. A magnetic field, $H_{\|c}$, aligns the spins along $c$ for $T_R$$<$$T$$<$$T_N$. The rotation of the collinear spins away from the $c$-axis for $T$$<$$T_R$ alters the magnetic point symmetry and gives rise to a new ME susceptibility tensor form. Such linear ME response provides satisfactory explanation for the behavior of the field-induced electric polarization in both compositions. As the Ni content increases to x=0.5 and 0.68, the ME effect disappears as a new magnetic phase emerges.
    Physical Review B 09/2014; 90:144429. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.144429 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The magnetic and ferroelectric properties of the multiferroic system Mn$_{1-x}$Co$_x$WO$_4$ (x=0.135, 0.15, and 0.17) are studied in magnetic fields $H_c$ oriented along the monoclinic $c$-axis. Mn$_{0.85}$Co$_{0.15}$WO$_4$, which is right at the phase boundary between two helical spin structures, exhibits a spontaneous sign change of the ferroelectric polarization when cooled in fields $H_c>$ 25 kOe. The origin of the ferroelectric polarization is studied and two magnetic exchange interactions contributing to the polarization are identified. In Mn$_{0.85}$Co$_{0.15}$WO$_4$ domains of the characteristic helical spin structures, known for x$<$0.15 and x$>$0.15, coexist and form domain boundaries. The contributions of the different domains to the global polarization are determined. The polarization reversal in Mn$_{0.85}$Co$_{0.15}$WO$_4$ can be explained by a combination of various contributions to the polarization and a strong correlation between magnetic domains of different helical spin orders resulting in a smooth transition across the domain walls which preserves the chirality of the spin spiral.
    Physical Review B 02/2014; 89(5). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.054414 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: LaCoO3 (LCO) nanoparticles were synthesized and their magnetic and structural properties were examined using SQUID magnetometery and neutron diffraction. The nanoparticles exhibit ferromagnetic long-range order beginning at T_C approximately 87K that persists to low temperatures. This behavior is contrasted with the ferromagnetism of bulk LCO, which also starts at T_C approximately 87K but is suppressed below a second transition at T_o approximately 37K, due to a structural phase transition. The ferromagnetism in both systems is attributed to the tensile stress from particle surfaces and impurity phase interfaces. This stress locally increases the Co-O-Co bond angle gamma, and competes with the thermal contraction of the lattice. It has recently been shown that LCO loses long-range ferromagnetic order when gamma decreases below the critical value gamma_c = 162.8 degrees. Consistent with this model, we show that gamma in nanoparticles remains larger than gamma_c at low temperatures, likely a consequence of all spins being in close proximity to surfaces or interfaces.
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    ABSTRACT: Neutron scattering and magnetometry measurements have been used to study phase transitions in LaCoO3 (LCO). For H ≤ 100 Oe, evidence for a ferromagnetic (FM) transition is observed at Tc ≈ 87 K. For 1 kOe ≤ H ≤ 60 kOe, no transition is apparent. For all H, Curie-Weiss analysis shows predominantly antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions for T > Tc, but the lack of long-range AFM order indicates magnetic frustration. We argue that the weak ferromagnetism in bulk LCO is induced by lattice strain, as is the case with thin films and nanoparticles. The lattice strain is present at the bulk surfaces and at the interfaces between the LCO and a trace cobalt oxide phase. The ferromagnetic ordering in the LCO bulk is strongly affected by the Co-O-Co angle (γ), in agreement with recent band calculations which predict that ferromagnetic long-range order can only take place above a critical value, γC. Consistent with recent thin film estimations, we find γC = 162.8°. For γ > γC, we observe power-law behavior in the structural parameters. γ decreases with T until the critical temperature, To ≈ 37 K; below To the rate of change becomes very small. For T < To, FM order appears to be confined to regions close to the surfaces, likely due to the lattice strain keeping the local Co-O-Co angle above γC.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 08/2013; 25(38):382203. DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/25/38/382203 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MnWO4 is a classical multiferroic where ferroelectricity is induced by an inversion symmetry breaking helical spin order. The origin of the helical order is found in competing magnetic exchange interactions with strong uniaxial anisotropy, resulting in magnetic frustration. The extreme sensitivity of the multiferroic state with respect to chemical substitution of Fe, Zn, or Co for Mn was recently shown and Mn1-xCoxWO4 (0 x 0.3) has the most complex phase diagram with multiple polarization flops upon increasing Co content. We report the effects of external magnetic fields on the multiferroic phases in Mn1-xCoxWO4 and show that, depending on the Co content, magnitude and orientation of the ferroelectric polarization can be continuously controlled and even complete reversals of the polarization as function of temperature or field are observed. The experimental results are discussed in terms of the external field tuning of the helical or conical spin structures giving rise to the multiferroic state.
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    ABSTRACT: Spin wave excitations in the superconducting state of (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 were determined by inelastic neutron scattering measurements. Four doubly degenerate spin wave branches, one gapped acoustic and 3 optical, span an energy range of about 210 meV. The spin wave spectra were successfully described by a J1-J2 Heisenberg model which includes the in-plane nearest (J1 and J'1), next nearest neighbor (J2 and J'2) interactions within and between the 4-spin blocks, inter-plane interaction (Jc) and a single-ion anisotropy. The exchange coupling constants obtained indicate that the spin block order verges on a noncollinear in-plane-spin phase observed in Tl2Fe4Se5.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a single-crystal neutron diffraction study of the layered $\rm Sr_2IrO_4$. This work unambiguously determines the magnetic structure of the system and reveals that the spin orientation rigidly tracks the staggered rotation of the $\rm IrO_6$ octahedra in $\rm Sr_2IrO_4$. The long-range antiferromagnetic order has a canted spin configuration with an ordered moment of 0.208(3) $\mu_B$/Ir site within the basal plane; a detailed examination of the spin canting yields 0.202(3) and 0.049(2) $\mu_B$/site for the a axis and the b axis, respectively. It is intriguing that forbidden nuclear reflections of space group $I4_1/acd$ are also observed in a wide temperature range from 4 K to 600 K, which suggests a reduced crystal structure symmetry. This neutron-scattering work provides a direct, well-refined experimental characterization of the magnetic and crystal structures that are crucial to the understanding of the unconventional magnetism exhibited in this unusual magnetic insulator.
    Physical Review B 02/2013; 87(14). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.140406 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We observed in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 spin-wave branches that span an energy range from 6.5 to 209 meV. Spin dynamics are successfully described by a Heisenberg localized spin model whose dominant in-plane interactions include only the nearest (J1 and J1') and next nearest neighbor (J2 and J2') exchange terms within and between the tetramer spin blocks, respectively. These experimentally determined exchange constants would crucially constrain the theoretical viewpoints on magnetism and superconductivity in the Fe-based materials.
    Physical Review B 01/2013; 87(10). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.100501 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the magnetic and electric properties of Ba$_3$NiNb$_2$O$_9$, which is a quasi-two-dimensional spin-1 triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF) with trigonal structure. At low $T$ and with increasing magnetic field, the system evolves from a 120 degree magnetic ordering phase (A phase) to an up-up-down ($uud$) phase (B phase) with a change of slope at 1/3 of the saturation magnetization, and then to an "oblique" phase (C phase). Accordingly, the ferroelectricity switches on at each phase boundary with appearance of spontaneous polarization. Therefore, Ba$_3$NiNb$_2$O$_9$ is a unique TLAF exhibiting both $uud$ phase and multiferroicity.
    Physical Review Letters 12/2012; 109(25):257205. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.257205 · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a comprehensive single-crystal neutron diffraction investigation of the Mn1−xCoxWO4 with 0.02≤x≤0.30. At lower concentration x≤0.05, the system is quickly driven into the multiferroic phase with spin structure forming an elliptical spiral order similar to the parent compound. The reduction of electric polarization is ascribed to the tilting of the spiral plane. For x∼0.075, the magnetic structure undergoes a spin-flop transition that is characterized by a sudden rotation of the spin helix envelope into the ac plane. This spin structure persists for concentration up to x=0.15, where additional competing magnetic orders appear at low temperature. For 0.17≤x≤0.30, the system experiences another spin-flop transition and recovers the low-x spiral spin configuration. A simple commensurate spin structure with q⃗=(0.5,0,0) is found to coexist with the incommensurate spiral order. The complex evolution of magnetic structure in Co doped MnWO4 contrasts sharply with other transition metal ion doped Mn1−xAxWO4 (A=Zn, Mg, Fe) where the chemical substitutions stabilize only one type of magnetic structure. The rich phase diagram of Mn1−xCoxWO4 results from the interplay between magnetic frustration and spin anisotropy of the Co ions.
    Physical Review B 09/2012; 86(9):094429. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.094429 · 3.66 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

708 Citations
210.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • University of Kentucky
      • Department of Physics & Astronomy
      Lexington, Kentucky, United States
  • 2007–2014
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
      • • Quantum Condensed Matter Division
      • • Neutron Scattering Science Division
      Oak Ridge, Florida, United States
  • 2002–2007
    • University of California, Santa Cruz
      • Department of Physics
      Santa Cruz, California, United States