K. K. Szabo

Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (85)213.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We present our latest results for fluctuations of electric charge and baryon number, simulated on the lattice in a system of 2+1 dynamical quark flavors at the physical quark masses and continuum extrapolated. In order to extract the chemical freeze-out temperature and chemical potential, we compare our results to the moments of multiplicity distribution of the corresponding conserved charges, measured in heavy ion collision experiments by the STAR collaboration. Consistency between the freeze-out parameters obtained through different conserved charges is discussed.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 09/2014; 535(1):012030.
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    ABSTRACT: The existence and stability of atoms relies on the fact that neutrons are more massive than protons. The mass difference is only 0.14% of the average. This tiny mass splitting has significant astrophysical and cosmological implications. A slightly smaller or larger value would have led to a dramatically different universe. Here we show, how this difference results from the competition between electromagnetic and mass isospin breaking effects. We compute the neutron-proton mass splitting and show that it is greater than zero by five standard deviations. Furthermore, splittings in the $\Sigma$, $\Xi$, $D$ and $\Xi_{cc}$ isospin multiplets are determined providing also predictions. We perform lattice Quantum-Chromodynamics plus Quantum-Electrodynamics computations with four, non-degenerate Wilson fermion flavors. Four lattice spacings and pion masses down to 195 MeV are used.
    06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Recent results for moments of multiplicity distributions of net-protons and net-electric charge from the STAR collaboration are compared to lattice QCD results for higher order fluctuations of baryon number and electric charge by the Wuppertal-Budapest collaboration, with the purpose of extracting the freeze-out temperature and chemical potential. All lattice simulations are performed at the physical mass for light and strange quarks; all results are continuum extrapolated. We show that it is possible to extract an upper value for the freeze-out temperature, as well as precise baryo-chemical potential values corresponding to the four highest collision energies of the experimental beam energy scan. Consistency between the freeze-out parameters obtained from baryon number and electric charge fluctuations is found. The freeze-out chemical potentials are now in agreement with the statistical hadronization model.
    Physical review letters. 03/2014; 113(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Finite temperature charmonium spectral functions in the pseudoscalar and vector channels are studied in lattice QCD with 2+1 flavours of dynamical Wilson quarks, on fine isotropic lattices (with a lattice spacing of 0.057 fm), with a non-physical pion mass of $m_{\pi} \approx$ 545 MeV. The highest temperature studied is approximately $1.4 T_c$. Up to this temperature no significant variation of the spectral function is seen in the pseudoscalar channel. The vector channel shows some temperature dependence, which seems to be consistent with a temperature dependent low frequency peak related to heavy quark transport, plus a temperature independent term at \omega>0. These results are in accord with previous calculations using the quenched approximation.
    01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The latest results on fluctuations of electric charge and baryon number, simulated on the lattice by the Wuppertal–Budapest collaboration, are compared to the moments of multiplicity distribution of the corresponding conserved charges, measured in heavy ion collision experiments by the STAR collaboration. The purpose of this study is to extract the chemical freeze-out parameters (temperature and chemical potential) as a function of the collision energy, from first principles. Consistency between the freeze-out parameters obtained through the two different conserved charges used in the analysis is discussed.
    Nuclear Physics A. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a continuum extrapolated result [arXiv:1309.5258] for the equation of state (EoS) of QCD with $N_f=2+1$ dynamical quark flavors. In this study, all systematics are controlled, quark masses are set to their physical values, and the continuum limit is taken using at least three lattice spacings corresponding to temporal extents up to $N_t=16$. A Symanzik improved gauge and stout-link improved staggered fermion action is used. Our results are available online [ancillary file to arXiv:1309.5258].
    12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present continuum extrapolated lattice results for the higher order fluctuations of conserved charges in high temperature Quantum Chromodynamics. Through the matching of the grand canonical ensemble on the lattice to the net charge and net baryon distribution realized in heavy ion experiments the temperature and the chemical potential may be estimated at the time of chemical freeze-out
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present preliminary lattice results for the leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment, calculated with HEX-smeared clover fermions. In our calculation we include 2+1-flavor ensembles with pions at the physical mass.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We perform a detailed, fully-correlated study of the chiral behavior of the pion mass and decay constant, based on 2+1 flavor lattice QCD simulations. These calculations are implemented using tree-level, O(a)-improved Wilson fermions, at four values of the lattice spacing down to 0.054 fm and all the way down to below the physical value of the pion mass. They allow a sharp comparison with the predictions of SU(2) chiral perturbation theory (\chi PT) and a determination of some of its low energy constants. In particular, we systematically explore the range of applicability of NLO SU(2) \chi PT in two different expansions: the first in quark mass (x-expansion), and the second in pion mass (\xi-expansion). We find that these expansions begin showing signs of failure around M_\pi=300 MeV for the typical percent-level precision of our N_f=2+1 lattice results. We further determine the LO low energy constants (LECs), F=88.0 \pm 1.3\pm 0.3 and B^\msbar(2 GeV)=2.58 \pm 0.07 \pm 0.02 GeV, and the related quark condensate, \Sigma^\msbar(2 GeV)=(271\pm 4\pm 1 MeV)^3, as well as the NLO ones, l_3=2.5 \pm 0.5 \pm 0.4 and l_4=3.8 \pm 0.4 \pm 0.2, with fully controlled uncertainties. We also explore the NNLO expansions and the values of NNLO LECs. In addition, we show that the lattice results favor the presence of chiral logarithms. We further demonstrate how the absence of lattice results with pion masses below 200 MeV can lead to misleading results and conclusions. Our calculations allow a fully controlled, ab initio determination of the pion decay constant with a total 1% error, which is in excellent agreement with experiment.
    10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a full result for the 2+1 flavor QCD equation of state. All the systematics are controlled, the quark masses are set to their physical values, and the continuum extrapolation is carried out. This extends our previous studies [JHEP 0601:089 (2006); 1011:077 (2010)] to even finer lattices and now includes ensembles with Nt = 6,8,10,12 up to Nt = 16. We use a Symanzik improved gauge and a stout-link improved staggered fermion action. Our findings confirm our earlier results. In order to facilitate the direct use of our equation of state we make our tabulated results available for download.
    Physics Letters B. 09/2013; 730.
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    ABSTRACT: We present our results for ratios of higher order fluctuations of electric charge as functions of the temperature. These results are obtained in a system of 2+1 quark flavors at physical quark masses and continuum extrapolated. We compare them to preliminary data on higher order moments of the net electric charge distribution from the STAR collaboration. This allows us to determine the freeze-out temperature and chemical potential from first principles. We also show continuum-extrapolated results for ratios of higher order fluctuations of baryon number. These will allow us to test the consistency of the approach, by comparing them to the corresponding experimental data (once they become available) and thus, extracting the freeze-out parameters in an independent way.
    Physical Review Letters 08/2013; 111(6):062005. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While electromagnetic and up-down quark mass difference effects on octet baryon masses are very small, they have important consequences. The stability of the hydrogen atom against beta decay is a prominent example. Here we include these effects by adding them to valence quarks in a lattice QCD calculation based on N_f=2+1 simulations with 5 lattice spacings down to 0.054 fm, lattice sizes up to 6 fm and average up-down quark masses all the way down to their physical value. This allows us to gain control over all systematic errors, except for the one associated with neglecting electromagnetism in the sea. We compute the octet baryon isomultiplet mass splittings, as well as the individual contributions from electromagnetism and the up-down quark mass difference. Our results for the total splittings are in good agreement with experiment.
    Physical Review Letters 06/2013; · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present an update on the 2+1 flavor QCD equation of state of the Wuppertal-Budapest Collaboration, extending our previous studies to finer lattice spacings and providing a continuum extrapolation of the trace anomaly. A Symanzik improved gauge and a stout-link improved staggered fermion action is utilized. We also present preliminary results for the fully dynamical charmed equation of state.
    Nuclear Physics A 05/2013; · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By fitting pion masses and decay constants from 2+1 flavor staggered lattice simulations to the predictions of NLO and NNLO SU(2) chiral perturbation theory we determine the low-energy constants l_3 and l_4. The lattice ensembles were generated by the Wuppertal-Budapest collaboration and cover pion masses in the range of 135 to 435 MeV and lattice scales between 0.7 and 2.0 GeV. By choosing a suitable scaling trajectory, we were able to demonstrate that precise and stable results for the LECs can be obtained from continuum ChPT to NLO. The pion masses available in this work also allow us to study the applicability of using ChPT to extrapolate from higher masses to the physical pion mass.
    01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We consider the effect of strong external electromagnetic fields on thermodynamic observables in QCD, through lattice simulations with 1+1+1 flavors of staggered quarks at physical quark masses. Continuum extrapolated results are presented for the light quark condensates and for their tensor polarizations, as functions of the temperature and the magnetic field. We find the light condensates to undergo inverse magnetic catalysis in the transition region, in a manner that the transition temperature decreases with growing magnetic field. We also compare the results to other approaches and lattice simulations. Furthermore, we relate the tensor polarization to the spin part of the magnetic susceptibility of the QCD vacuum, and show that this contribution is diamagnetic.
    01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We extract the next-to-leading-order low-energy constants \bar\ell_3 and \bar\ell_4 of SU(2) chiral perturbation theory, based on precise lattice data for the pion mass and decay constant on ensembles generated by the Wuppertal-Budapest Collaboration for QCD thermodynamics. These ensembles feature 2+1 flavors of two-fold stout-smeared dynamical staggered fermions combined with Symanzik glue, with pion masses varying from 135 to 435 MeV, lattice scales between 0.7 and 2.0 GeV, while m_s is kept fixed at its physical value. Moderate taste splittings and the scale being set through the pion decay constant allow us to restrict ourselves to the taste pseudoscalar state and to use formulas from continuum chiral perturbation theory. Finally, by dropping the data points near 135 MeV from the fits, we can explore the range of pion masses that is needed in SU(2) chiral perturbation theory to reliably extrapolate to the physical point.
    Physical Review D 05/2012; 88(1). · 4.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We use the Wilson flow to define the gauge anisotropy at a given physical scale. We demonstrate the use of the anisotropic flow by performing the tuning of the bare gauge anisotropy in the tree-level Symanzik action for several lattice spacings and target anisotropies. We use this method to tune the anisotropy parameters in full QCD, where we also exploit the diminishing effect of a well chosen smearing on the renormalization of the fermion anisotropy.
    05/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: QCD thermodynamics is considered using Wilson fermions in the fixed scale approach. The temperature dependence of the renormalized chiral condensate, quark number susceptibility and Polyakov loop is measured at four lattice spacings allowing for a controlled continuum limit. The light quark masses are fixed to heavier than physical values in this first study. Finite volume effects are ensured to be negligible by using approriately large box sizes. The final continuum results are compared with staggered fermion simulations performed in the fixed N_t approach. The same continuum renormalization conditions are used in both approaches and the final results agree perfectly.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 05/2012; 2012(8). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We determine the equation of state of QCD for nonzero chemical potentials via a Taylor expansion of the pressure. The results are obtained for N_f=2+1 flavors of quarks with physical masses, on various lattice spacings. We present results for the pressure, interaction measure, energy density, entropy density, and the speed of sound for small chemical potentials. At low temperatures we compare our results with the Hadron Resonance Gas model. We also express our observables along trajectories of constant entropy over particle number. A simple parameterization is given (the Matlab/Octave script parameterization.m, submitted to the arXiv along with the paper), which can be used to reconstruct the observables as functions of T and mu, or as functions of T and S/N.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 04/2012; 2012(8). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the equation of state (pressure, trace anomaly, energy density and entropy density) of the SU(3) gauge theory from lattice field theory in an unprecedented precision and temperature range. We control both finite size and cut-off effects. The studied temperature window (0.7...1000 T_c) stretches from the glueball dominated system into the perturbative regime, which allows us to discuss the range of validity of these approaches. We also determine the preferred renormalization scale of the Hard Thermal Loop scheme and we fit the unknown g^6 order perturbative coefficient at extreme high temperatures T>100 T_c. We furthermore quantify the nonperturbative contribution to the trace anomaly using a simple functional form. Our high precision data allows one to have a complete theoretical description of the equation of state from T=0 all the way to the phase transition, through the transition region into the perturbative regime up to the Stefan-Boltzmann limit. We will discuss this description, too.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 04/2012; 2012(7). · 5.62 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
213.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Bergische Universität Wuppertal
      • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
      Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2002–2011
    • Eötvös Loránd University
      • Department of Theoretical Physics
      Budapest, Budapest fovaros, Hungary
  • 2008
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany