ABSTRACT: To study the analytical sensitivity on 31 HBsAg enzyme immunoassy (EIA) test kits.
Thirty one HBsAg EIA kits produced by domestic or overseas manufactories and applied for approval during May 2007 to May 2008, were evaluated using the national reference panels. The hyperbolic curve of the log A value and log concentration for the national sensitivity standards was established. The cut-off value of each kit was substituted into the curvilinear equation to determine the analytical sensitivity which was compared between different HBsAg EIA kits.
Twenty seven (351 lots) domestic and 4 (27 lots) overseas kits were compared. Among 378 lots of the 31 HBsAg EIA kits, only 2 lots of the domestic kits had a lower sensitivity when tested with the national HBsAg reference panels, with an average approvalr ate of 99.43% (349/351). The mean analytical sensitivity of the domestic kits for adr, adw, ay serotypes were 0.307, 0.419, 0.513 ng/ml, respectively. There was a significant difference between serotypes (F = 97.30, P < 0.01). The mean analytical sensitivity of the overseas kits for adr, adw, ay serotypes were 0.054, 0.066, 0.050 ng/ml respectively, with no significant difference between serotypes (F = 0.65, P > 0.05). The analytical sensitivity of the overseas kits for all the three serotypes was higher than that of the domestic kits (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference found between the analytical sensitivities of the kits produced by the same manufactory using 30- or 60-minute incubation of detection (P > 0.05). In contrast, there was significant difference noticed between the analytical sensitivities of the kits produced by the same manufactory when tested for 10 or 15-minute coloration of the results (P < 0.01).
Analytical sensitivity of the HBsAg EIA domestic kits should be further improved, especially for detecting adw and ay serotypes.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 08/2009; 30(8):841-4.
ABSTRACT: To calibrate the national hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA standard according to world health organization's standard material and prepare the national reference panel for HBV DNA reagents.
Sera from blood donors and HBV patients were collected and detected by home-made HBV DNA PCR kits, HBsAg kits, and anti-HBc kits, and then confirmed by HBV DNA PCR kits produced by Roche in German, which was recognized by the world health organization. The stability of the panel was detected by acceleration method.
The convinced copies of the sensitivity samples were gotten by seven independent experiments, the coefficients of variation of logarithm of the copies of L0-L5 were all less than 15%. Regarding the national reference panel as the standard, the quality of most domestic HBV DNA PCR kits was improved, while part of the kits should be further qualified.
The national reference panel for HBV DNA reagents is developed. It contains eight negative, nine positive sera and seven samples for sensitivity test
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 08/2003; 11(7):402-4.
ABSTRACT: Evidence that hepatitis E is zoonotic is accumulating. Serum samples were collected from pigs, cattle, and goats from various regions of China to determine whether they had been infected with hepatitis E virus (HEV). An in-house enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers from open reading frame (ORF) 2 were used to detect anti-HEV antibodies and HEV RNA. The mean positivity rates of anti-HEV antibody for pigs and cattle were 78.8% and 6.3% but none of the goat sera were positive. Pigs may be more susceptible to infection with HEV than cattle or goats. Five of 263 pig sera were positive for HEV RNA and four of these five were also positive for anti-HEV. The PCR products (nt 6007-6354) were cloned and sequenced and compared to other HEV sequences in the nucleotide databases. The five sequences shared 83-93% identity to each other at the nucleotide level and 74-79%, 73-74%, 73-78%, and 83-99% identity to HEV genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. They were closely related to human isolates of HEV genotype 4. Phylogenetic analyses also place these swine sequences in HEV genotype 4, resembling most closely viruses isolated from Chinese patients with acute hepatitis. These data support the hypothesis that sporadic hepatitis E in China is zoonotic.
Journal of Medical Virology 09/2002; 67(4):516-21. · 2.82 Impact Factor