[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The International Mouse Knockout Consortium aims to generate a knockout mouse for every single gene on a C57BL/6 background. Our ability to generate such mice is hampered by the poor economics of producing blastocysts to achieve germline transmission of C57BL/6 embryonic stem (ES) cells. We demonstrate superior utility of (C3H x BALB/c)F1 blastocysts compared with BALB/c blastocysts, with blastocyst numbers and germline transmission from subsequent chimeras at a rate 2- to 3-fold higher than that produced with BALB/c blastocysts.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Typically, embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from 129 mouse substrains are used to generate genetically altered mouse models. Resulting chimeric mice were then usually converted to a C57BL/6 background, which takes at least a year, even in the case of speed congenics. In recent years, embryonic stem cells have been derived from various mouse strains. However, 129 ES cells are still widely used partially due to poor germline transmission of ES cells derived from other strains. Availability of highly germline-competent C57BL/6 ES cells would enormously facilitate generation of genetically altered mice in a pure C57BL/6 genetic background by eliminating backcrossing time, and thus significantly reducing associated costs and efforts. Here, we describe establishment of a C57BL/6 ES cell line (LK1) and compare its efficacy to a widely used 129SvJ ES cell line (GSI-1) in generating germline chimeras. In contrast to earlier studies, our data shows that highly germline-competent C57BL/6 ES cell lines can be derived using a simple approach, and thus support broader use of C57BL/6 ES cell lines for genetically engineered mouse models.
Transgenic Research 01/2008; 16(6):751-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pronuclear formation, and the chromosomal constitution and developmental capacity of bovine zygotes formed by intracytoplasmic sperm injection with freeze-dried (lyophilized) spermatozoa were evaluated. Frozen-thawed spermatozoa were selected, freeze-dried, and stored at 4 degrees C until use. After 22-24 h of in vitro maturation oocytes were denuded and injected singly with a lyophilized spermatozoon. Injected oocytes were activated by treatment with 10 microM ionomycin (5 min) alone and in combination with 1.9 mM 6-dimethylaminopurine (DMAP) for 4 h. Ionomycin plus DMAP activation treatment resulted in a significantly higher proportion of sperm-injected oocytes with two pronuclei than was found after activation with ionomycin alone (74% vs. 56%; P < 0.03). The rates of cleavage, morula, and blastocyst development of sperm-injected oocytes treated with ionomycin plus DMAP were higher than after activation with ionomycin alone (63.3%, 34.2%, and 29.6% vs. 44.7%, 18.7%, and 10.6%, respectively; P < 0.05). Seventy-three percent of blastocysts produced with lyophilized sperm were diploid. These results demonstrate that in vitro-matured bovine oocytes can be fertilized with freeze-dried sperm cells, and that resultant zygotes can develop into karyotypically normal blastocysts.
Biology of Reproduction 08/2002; 67(2):409-15. · 3.45 Impact Factor