Ali Dabbagh

Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Tehrān, Iran

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Publications (60)55.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Surgical stress response is among the most severe stress tolerated by the patient, which needs suppression by anesthesia. We assessed the effect of three methods of anesthesia on postoperative levels of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) to determine the most effective one in preventing surgical stress response. In a randomized clinical trial, 120 patients who were 18 to 65 years old and met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected and randomly allocated to three groups of 40:Group A, general anesthesia plus epidural catheter; Group B, general anesthesia and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia; and Group C, spinal anesthesia plus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. There was no difference between three groups for basic characteristics and variables and baseline pro-BNP levels; however, postoperative pro-BNP levels in Groups A, B, and C were respectively63.8 ± 10.1, 83.2 ± 12.3, and 51.5 ± 8.5 ng/L (ANOVA, P = 0.01). The results of the current study suggested that spinal anesthesia plus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia have the most favorable cardiac effects regarding postoperative levels of pro-BNP.
    04/2015; 5(2):e19707. DOI:10.5812/aapm.19707
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative bleeding after cardiac reoperations is among the most complicating problems, both for the physicians and for the patients. Many modalities have been used to decrease its adverse effects and the need for blood products administration. In a randomized double-blinded clinical trial of redo cardiac valve surgery in adult, the effect of active recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) on postoperative bleeding was compared with placebo. Chest tube drainage was used for comparison of bleeding between the two groups. Two groups of 18 patients undergoing redo valve surgeries were treated and compared regarding chest tube drainage, need for blood products, prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), hemoglobin and hematocrit, platelet count, and international normalized ratio (INR) in first 24 hours after surgery. Bleeding was assessed at 3rd, 12th, and 24th hour after operation. In rFVIIa group, 40 µg/kg of AryoSeven was administered before end of surgery and same volume of normal saline was administered as placebo in the control group. Study groups showed no difference regarding baseline variables. Three patients in rFVIIa group (16.67%) and 13 in placebo group (72.23%) received blood products (P < 0.01). Chest tube blood drainage at 24th hour after operation was 315 ± 177 mL in rFVIIa group and 557 ± 168 mL in control group (P = 0.03). At third and 12th hour after operation, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.71 and P = 0.22, respectively). Postoperative ICU stay was not different; while extubation was longer in the placebo group (352 ± 57 vs. 287 ± 46 minutes; P = 0.003). Our study demonstrated the efficacy of rFVIIa in controlling postoperative bleeding in redo cardiac valve surgeries regarding subsequent blood loss and transfusion requirement; however, outcome results remains to be defined.
    02/2015; 5(1). DOI:10.5812/aapm.22846
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular problems are among the most common health issues. A considerable number of cardiac patients undergo cardiac surgery, and coronary artery disease patients constitute about two-thirds of all these surgeries. The application of cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP) usually results in some untoward effects.
    08/2014; 4(3):e16316. DOI:10.5812/aapm.16316
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    08/2014; 4(3):e15363. DOI:10.5812/aapm.15363
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    ABSTRACT: Acutepostoperative pain is among the worst experience that patient scan undergo, and many analgesics have been used to suppress it; especially in chronic opium abusers. Ketamine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist analgesic, having both anesthetic and analgesic properties, which are not affected to the same extent in chronic opium abusers. In this study, we assessed the analgesic effects of ketamine added to morphine as a patient-controlled analgesia method for acute pain management, compared with a placebo, inchronic maleopium abusers. After institutional review board approval for ethical considerations, a randomized double-blinded placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted. A total of 140 male patients aged 18-65 years, undergoing orthopedic surgery, were entered into the study after matching inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients received the same anesthesia method; while the first group received ketamine (1mg/mL) and morphine (0.5 mg/mL) as a patient-controlled analgesia (70 patients), the second group received morphine (0.5 mg/mL) plus normal saline (70 patients). P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The ketamine and morphine group of patients experienced less postoperative pain and required less postoperative rescue analgesia. However, the unwanted postoperative side effects were nearly the same; although increased levels of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed in the ketamine and morphine group. This study demonstrated improved analgesic effects after using intravenous patient controlled analgesia with ketamine on postoperative pain in opium abusers.
    02/2014; 4(1):e14129. DOI:10.5812/aapm.14129
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    Anaesthesia and intensive care 01/2014; 42(1):145-6. · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 01/2014; 42(1):145-147. · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 01/2014; 42(1):145-147. · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • Anaesthesia and intensive care 01/2014; 42(1):145-7. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In spite of several efforts for decreasing blood loss, our experience sometimes shows that some patients bleed more profusely during rhinoplasty. Patient position could have deep impact on bleeding amount during surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to compare reverse trendelenburg position and head-up position on intra-operative bleeding of elective rhinoplasty. This was to check the effects of reverse trendelenburg position and head up position on the intraoperative bleeding of elective rhinoplasty. In this study, 30 ASA I (American Society of Anesthesiology physical condition classification) patients between 18 and 40 years of age who were candidate to rhinoplasty operations for first time were included. Patients were randomly assigned to reverse trendelenburg or head-up position. Exclusion criteria was any history or lab indicating coagulation problems or using any drug. All gauzes used and the blood that accumulated in the aspirator throughout the operation were calculated. Our results showed that the mean amount of blood loss in reverse trendelenburg was lower (77.00 ± 13.20 ml) than head-up position (83.33 ± 21.18 ml), although, there was no statistical difference between two groups. However, there was no significant differences among two groups in different aspects of hemodynamic determinants and bleeding amount during and after rhinoplasty. Our results showed that patient bleeding is not increased because of positioning per se. In conclusion, perhaps in the future reverse trendelenburg will be given more often during rhinoplasry.
    International journal of preventive medicine 12/2013; 4(12):1438-41.
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    ABSTRACT: There is a considerable rate of fertility failure and this causes a great burden of untoward effects for patients. Usually a considerable number of these patients undergo anesthesia for their treatment. This study was designed to compare the effects of general and spinal anesthesia on these patients. In a randomized clinical trial, after taking informed written consent from the patients, 200 patients entered the study; 100 in each. During a 2 year period, women aged 20 to 40 years entered the study (one group receiving spinal anesthesia and the other, receiving general anesthesia). Ovum retrieval protocols were the same. Nonparametric and parametric analyses were used for data analysis. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. There was no difference between the two groups regarding demographic variables. 15 of 100 patients (15%) in the general anesthesia group and 27 of 100 patients (27%) in the spinal anesthesia group had successful pregnancy after IVF; so, spinal anesthesia increased significantly the chance of IVF success (P value < 0.001; Chi Square). The results of this study demonstrated that spinal anesthesia increased the chance of fertilization success.
    09/2013; 3(2):239-242. DOI:10.5812/aapm.11223
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    Ali Dabbagh, Samira Rajaei
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    ABSTRACT: The modern practice of anesthesia is highly dependent ona group of anesthetic drugs which many of them are metabolized in the liver. The liver, of course, usually tolerates this burden. However, this is not always an unbroken rule. Anesthetic induced apoptosis has gained great concern during the last years; especially considering the neurologic system. However, we have evidence that there is some concern regarding their effects on the liver cells. Fortunately not all the anesthetics are blamed and even some could be used safely, based on the available evidence. Besides, there are some novel agents, yet under research, which could affect the future of anesthetic agents' fate regarding their hepatic effects.
    Hepatitis Monthly 08/2013; 13(8):e13162. DOI:10.5812/hepatmon.13162 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, many patients undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); while a number of therapeutic agents have been used to suppress its related inflammatory process. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) solution has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Among the cardiac biomarkers, N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT Pro-BNP) is one of the most widely recognized. We performed this study to assess the effect of MgSO4 solution on NT Pro-BNP levels in patients undergoing CABG with CPB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blind clinical trial, after IRB approval for ethical considerations, during a 12-month period, 88 adult patients aged 40-70 years qualified for the study after inclusion and exclusion criteria were considered. After random allocation of the patients between the two groups, anesthesia, surgical procedure, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) methods, and postoperative care were made as similar as possible; however, one group received a MgSO4 infusion (15 mg/kg/h) and the other group saline (placebo). Pre- and post-operative levels of NT Pro-BNP were assessed using an electrochemical luminescence immunoassay in an Elecsys 2010 (Roche, Indianapolis, IN, USA). The results were compared using a Student's t-test. A P value less than 5 % was considered significant. RESULTS: The MgSO4 group had shorter postoperative mechanical ventilation, lower postoperative morphine requirements and lower postoperative pain scores. Also, 24 h postoperative NT Pro-BNP levels were significantly lower in the MgSO4 group. CONCLUSION: Administration of MgSO4 in elective CABG with CPB can decrease the postoperative NT Pro-BNP levels; also, it decreases their time of postoperative mechanical ventilation.
    Journal of Anesthesia 05/2013; 27(5). DOI:10.1007/s00540-013-1610-z · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Opium is a highly addictive agent and the most common narcotic often misused in Iran. The pharmacokinetic of anesthetic drugs in patients with opium addiction is one of the great challenges for anesthesiologists. Hemodynamic instability and postoperative side effects are of these challenges which should be managed correctly. In this study we aimed to assess the effects of clonidine upon post anesthesia shivering and recovery time in patients with and without opium addiction after general anesthesia to decrease the subsequent complications related to the shivering and elongation of recovery time. In a randomized clinical trial, 160 patients candidates for elective leg fracture operations under general anesthesia were studied in four groups of 40 patients: Group 1 (placebo 1) were patients without addiction who got placebo 90 minutes before the operation. Group 2 (placebo 2) were patients with opium addiction which received placebo as group 1. Group 3 (Clonidine 1) patients without addiction who got clonidine 90 minutes before the operation and group 4 (Clonidine 2) who were opium addicted ones which received clonidine as premedication. None of the patients with and without addiction in clonidine groups had shivering after the operation but in placebo groups shivering was observed and the difference between clonidine and placebo groups was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Recovery time in clonidine groups of patients with and without addiction was less than placebo ones (both P < 0.01) which the magnitude of difference was higher in opium addicted than non-addicted patients (P = 0.04). Premedication with clonidine in patients with and without opium addiction can be effective to decrease the incidence of shivering and recovery time after operation.
    01/2013; 2(3):107-10. DOI:10.5812/aapm.7143
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    ABSTRACT: There are a number of adjuvants to be used for local anesthetics in spinal block. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the possible effect of intrathecal midazolam compared with bupivacaine as adjuvants in spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine in chronic opium abuses. In a double blind, randomized clinical trial, 90 opium abuser patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery were selected and randomly assigned into 3 groups (30 cases each). The patients received 15 mg plain bupivacaine, or 15 mg bupivacaine plus 25 mcg fentanyl or 15 mg bupivacaine plus 1 mg midazolam, intrathecally. The duration of anesthesia was much longer in the bupivacaine-midazolam group than the bupivacaine-fentanyl group; both were longer than the plain bupivacaine group (P < 0.05). Subarachnoid injection of adjuvant midazolam or fentanyl with plain 0.5% bupivacaine in opium abusers in lower limb orthopedic surgery increases the duration of sensory block. Therefore midazolam is more effective than fentanyl in such cases.
    Korean journal of anesthesiology 12/2012; 63(6):521-6. DOI:10.4097/kjae.2012.63.6.521
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    Ali Dabbagh, Samira Rajaei
    Hepatitis Monthly 11/2012; 12(11):e8437. DOI:10.5812/hepatmon.8437 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is evidence that opium addiction has immunosuppressant effects. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition resulted from atherosclerosis which is dependent on the immune response. To evaluate plasma levels of interleukin-6 and interleukin-1Ra in 30 patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease, ejection fraction of more than 35% and to evaluate their changes after prognostic treadmill test in 15 opium addicted and 15 non-addicted patients. The participants underwent prognostic treadmill test and plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1Ra (IL-1Ra) were evaluated with ELISA method before, just after and 4 hours after the test. IL-1Ra (2183 pg/ml) tended to decrease over time in the opium addicted group (1372 pg/ml after prognostic treadmill test and 1034 pg/ml 4 hours after that), although such decrease did not reach the statistical significance. IL-1Ra levels were significantly higher in opium addicted than in non addicted patients. Opium addiction had no significant effect on IL-6 changes. Consumption of opium in CAD patients is associated with higher IL-1Ra levels.
    PLoS ONE 09/2012; 7(9):e44939. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0044939 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    Samira Rajaei, Ali Dabbagh
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is considered to be one of the most common surgical procedures. This procedure has been the main topic in many clinical research studies, which have assessed the effect of the procedure on patients' outcomes. Like other surgical procedures, this procedure is also accompanied by a number of unwanted complications, including those of the respiratory system. Since the respiratory system plays an integral role in defining the clinical outcome of patients, improvements in studies that can assess and predict clinical outcomes of the respiratory system, assume greater importance. There are a number of predictive models which can assess patients in the preoperative period and introduce a number of risk factors, which could be considered as prognostic factors for patients undergoing CABG. The respiratory system is among the clinical systems that are assessed in many prediction scoring systems. This review assesses the main studies which have evaluated the possible risk factors for postoperative respiratory mortality and morbidity, in patients undergoing CABG.
    09/2012; 2(2):60-65. DOI:10.5812/aapm.5228
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    ABSTRACT: This study was done to compare the analgesic effects of "magnesium plus lidocaine", "paracetamol plus lidocaine", and "placebo plus lidocaine" on block characteristics for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) in patients undergoing upper extremity orthopedic surgery. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, 90 patients were selected and entered randomly into three study groups after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Time to start of the sensory and motor block were measured separately and also the duration of these two block types were measured. Post-op pain assessment was measured using a numeric rating scale. Venous samples were checked and compared regarding blood gas and pH measurements. The time from drug injection to sensory block onset was the shortest in the magnesium plus lidocaine group; the time from drug injection to the time of motor block onset was the shortest in the lidocaine plus magnesium group; the duration of the motor block was the longest in the lidocaine plus magnesium group. Addition of magnesium lidocaine in patients undergoing upper extremity orthopedic operations using IVRA decreases significantly the time gap between drug administration and the start of the block; also, this drug combination increases the IVRA block length, while paracetamol does not have such a significant effect.
    International journal of preventive medicine 09/2012; 3(9):616-21.

Publication Stats

231 Citations
55.86 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2015
    • Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Anesthesiology
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2006–2012
    • Tehran University of Medical Sciences
      • • SCI Research Center
      • • Department of Anesthesiology
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2007–2009
    • Shahid Beheshti University
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran