[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The non-coding fraction of the human genome, which is approximately 98%, is mainly constituted by repeats. Transpositions, expansions and deletions of these repeat elements contribute to a number of diseases. None of the available databases consolidates information on both tandem and interspersed repeats with the flexibility of FASTA based homology search with reference to disease genes. Repeats in diseases database (RiDs db) is a web accessible relational database, which aids analysis of repeats associated with Mendelian disorders. It is a repository of disease genes, which can be searched by FASTA program or by limitedor free- text keywords. Unlike other databases, RiDs db contains the sequences of these genes with access to corresponding information on both interspersed and tandem repeats contained within them, on a unified platform. Comparative analysis of novel or patient sequences with the reference sequences in RiDs db using FASTA search will indicate change in structure of repeats, if any, with a particular disorder. This database also provides links to orthologs in model organisms such as zebrafish, mouse and Drosophila. AVAILABILITY: The database is available for free at http://184.108.40.206/ridsdb/index.php.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The human Y chromosome, because it is enriched in repetitive DNA, has been very intractable to genetic and molecular analyses. There is no previous evidence for developmental stage- and testis-specific transcription from the male-specific region of the Y (MSY). Here, we present evidence for the first time for a developmental stage- and testis-specific transcription from MSY distal heterochromatic block. We isolated two novel RNAs, which localize to Yq12 in multiple copies, show testis-specific expression, and lack active X-homologs. Experimental evidence shows that one of the above Yq12 noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) trans-splices with CDC2L2 mRNA from chromosome 1p36.3 locus to generate a testis-specific chimeric beta sv13 isoform. This 67-nt 5'UTR provided by the Yq12 transcript contains within it a Y box protein-binding CCAAT motif, indicating translational regulation of the beta sv13 isoform in testis. This is also the first report of trans-splicing between a Y chromosomal and an autosomal transcript.
Genome Research 05/2007; 17(4):433-40. · 14.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BLAST and Repeat Masker Parser (BRM-Parser) is a service that provides users a unified platform for easy analysis of relatively large outputs of BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and RepeatMasker programs. BLAST Summary feature of BRM-Parser summarizes BLAST outputs, which can be filtered using user defined thresholds for hit length, percentage identity and E-value and can be sorted by query or subject coordinates and length of the hit. It also provides a tool that merges BLAST hits which satisfy user-defined criteria for hit length and gap between hits. The RepeatMasker Summary feature uses the RepeatMasker alignment as an input file and calculates the frequency and proportion of mutations in copies of repeat elements, as identified by the RepeatMasker. Both features can be run through a GUI or can be executed via command line using the standalone version.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect aneusomic changes with respect to chromosome 11 copy number in esophageal precancers and cancers wherein the generation of cancer-specific phenotypes is believed to be associated with specific chromosomal aneuploidies.
We performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on esophageal tissue paraffin sections to analyze changes in chromosome 11 copy number using apotome-generated images by optical sectioning microscopy. Sections were prepared from esophageal tumor tissue, tissues showing preneoplastic changes and histologically normal tissues (control) obtained from patients referred to the clinic for endoscopic evaluation.
Our results demonstrated that aneusomy was seen in all the cancers and preneoplastic tissues, while none of the controls showed aneusomic cells. There was no increase in aneusomy from precancers to cancers.
Our results suggest that evaluation of chromosome 11 aneusomy in esophageal tissue using FISH with an appropriate signal capture-analysis system, can be used as an ancillary molecular marker predictive of early neoplastic changes. Future studies can be directed towards the genes on chromosome 11, which may play a role in the neoplastic transformation of esophageal precancerous lesions to cancers.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2007; 13(4):503-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor