J C Michalak

Michiana Hematology Oncology, Indiana, Pennsylvania, United States

Are you J C Michalak?

Claim your profile

Publications (30)339.24 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to learn the toxicity and efficacy of adding 4 doses of rituximab to a standard platinum-based salvage regimen for relapsed CD20+ B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients were treated with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) days 1,8,15, 22 (cycle 1 only); cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) over 24 h on day 3, cytosine arabinoside 2 g/m(2) IV every 12 h x two doses on day 4, dexamethasone 40 mg PO/IV days 3-6, and G-CSF days 5-14. The ORR was 82% (47/57) with 33% (19/57) complete remissions and 49% (28/57) partial remissions. The duration of response (DR) for the 47 responders was 10.5 months (95% CI: 5.3-16.8). The median time to progression (TTP) was 10.3 months (95% CI: 5.3-14.0), the median event-free survival (EFS) was 5.3 months (95% CI: 3.9-11.0), and the median overall survival was 30.5 months (95% CI: 17.8-60.6). We conclude that rituximab can be safely added to standard DHAP.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 07/2008; 49(6):1074-80. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The antiepileptic agent, gabapentin, has been demonstrated to relieve symptoms of peripheral neuropathy due to various etiologies. On the basis of these data, a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover, randomized trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of gabapentin on symptoms of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Patients with symptomatic CIPN who complained of 'average' daily pain scores of either 1) >/=4 on a 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS); or 2) >/=1 on the 0-3 Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group neuropathy scale (ENS) were eligible (higher numbers indicate greater severity of symptoms in both scales). Patients were randomized to receive gabapentin (target dose, 2700 mg) or placebo for 6 weeks. Crossover occurred after a 2-week washout period. CIPN-related symptoms were evaluated weekly by questionnaires. Statistical methods followed established methods for crossover designs, including Student t tests to compare average intrapatient differences between treatments and linear models to adjust for potential concomitant covariates. There were 115 patients who were randomly assigned to the treatment or control arm. Both groups were well matched by symptoms at study entry. Changes in symptom severity were statistically similar between the 2 groups during the study. Adverse events were mild and similar in both groups. This trial failed to demonstrate any benefit to using gabapentin to treat symptoms caused by CIPN.
    Cancer 11/2007; 110(9):2110-8. · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme, to determine whether cisplatin plus carmustine (BCNU) administered before and concurrently with radiation therapy (RT) improves survival compared with BCNU and RT and whether survival using accelerated RT (ART) is equivalent to survival using standard RT (SRT). After surgery, patients were stratified by age, performance score, extent of surgical resection, and histology (glioblastoma v gliosarcoma) and then randomly assigned to arm A (BCNU plus SRT), arm B (BCNU plus ART), arm C (cisplatin plus BCNU plus SRT), or arm D (cisplatin plus BCNU plus ART). Four hundred fifty-one patients were randomly assigned, and 401 were eligible. Frequent toxicities included myelosuppression, vomiting, sensory neuropathy, and ototoxicity and were worse with cisplatin. There was no difference in toxicity between SRT and ART. Median survival times and 2-year survival rates for patients who received BCNU plus RT (arms A and B) compared with cisplatin, BCNU, and RT (arms C and D) were 10.1 v 11.5 months, respectively, and 11.5% v 13.7%, respectively (P = .19). Median survival times and 2-year survival rates for patients who received SRT (arms A and C) compared with ART (arms B and D) were 11.2 v 10.5 months, respectively, and 13.8% v 11.4%, respectively (P = .33). Cisplatin administered concurrently with BCNU and RT resulted in more toxicity but provided no significant improvement in survival. SRT and ART produced similar toxicity and survival.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2006; 24(24):3871-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This clinical trial evaluated the addition of fluoxymesterone (Flu) to tamoxifen (Tam) in women with resected early stage breast cancer and attempted to corroborate the findings of superiority for the combination over Tam alone seen in a previous randomized trial in metastatic disease. Postmenopausal women with early stage breast cancer that was known to be estrogen receptor (ER) positive were randomized to treatment with Tam (20 mg per day orally for 5 years) alone or combined with Flu (10 mg orally twice per day for 1 year). The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival (RFS) defined as local-regional or distant recurrence including ductal carcinoma in situ of the ipsilateral, but not contralateral breast, and death from any cause. There were 541 eligible patients entered between 1991 and 1995 and the treatment arms were balanced with respect to patient characteristics. The median follow up of patients still alive was 11.4 years. No significant difference was found between Tam plus Flu and Tam alone in terms of RFS or overall survival. The adjusted hazard ratio (Tam+Flu/Tam) for relapse or death without relapse was estimated to be 0.84 (95% CI: 0.64-1.10) and that for death was 0.89 (95% CI: 0.67-1.18). As expected there was more virilization in women who received Flu. This clinical trial did not demonstrate superiority of Tam plus Flu over Tam alone as adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal women with resected early breast cancer known to be ER positive.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 08/2006; 98(2):217-22. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the effect of cisplatin (CDDP) plus concurrent radiation therapy on hearing loss. 451 patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) were randomly assigned after surgery to: Arm A: Carmustine (BCNU) + standard radiation therapy (SRT); Arm B: BCNU + accelerated radiation therapy (ART: 160 cGy twice daily for 15 days); Arm C: CDDP + BCNU + SRT; or Arm D: CDDP + BCNU + ART. Patients on arms C and D received audiograms at baseline, and prior to the start of RT, and prior to cycles 3 and 6. Otologic toxicities were recorded at each visit. 56% of patients had hearing loss at baseline. 13% and 50% of patients experienced worsening ototoxicity after 1 year of treatment in arms A and B vs. C and D, respectively, with 13% of those on arms C and D experiencing significant ototoxicity (>or= grade 3) at 6 months. Increasing age was associated with an increased risk of ototoxicity. Increased exposure to CDDP increases the risk of ototoxicity over time. Older patients are more susceptible to hearing loss with CDDP. The low proportion of patients with clinically significant ototoxicity suggests that baseline screening is unnecessary in GBM patients.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 05/2006; 77(3):315-20. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Molecular studies of colon cancer have provided insights into pathogenesis, yet it is unclear how important these markers are in predicting prognosis. This study investigated the prognostic significance of TUNEL, bcl-2, p53, proliferation marker Ki-67 and DNA mismatch repair (MMR) status in patients with Dukes' stage B2 and C colorectal adenocarcinomas. Tumor tissue from 366 patients (75% Dukes' C, 25% Dukes' B2) from four randomized North Central Cancer Treatment Group phase III surgical adjuvant trials were used. Eighty-one percent of patients received adjuvant treatment, which was primarily fluorouracil (FU) based (90%). Tumor location was predominantly (87%) the colon. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL), Ki-67, p53, bcl-2, and MMR were assayed using immunohistochemistry. Stage, grade, MMR, Ki-67, and previously determined flow cytometry markers (ploidy and S phase) were explored for associations with each other and with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Univariately, stage B2, low grade, diploid, Ki-67 more than 27%, normal p53, and FU-based adjuvant treatment were significantly associated with improved OS and DFS (P <.05). After adjusting for stage, grade, and ploidy in multivariate analysis, Ki-67 remained significantly related to both OS and DFS (P <.01). Active FU-based adjuvant treatment was significant only for OS in this multivariate model. Neither bcl-2 nor TUNEL were significant. This retrospective study indicates that Ki-67 and ploidy may have stronger prognostic impact on OS and DFS than other parameters investigated after adjusting for stage and tumor grade. Prospective studies to elucidate the mechanism and prognostic significance of these findings are necessary.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2004; 22(9):1572-82. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine whether (1) tailored nicotine patch therapy that is based on smoking rate can be carried out in a multisite oncology investigative group practice setting, (2) long-term use of bupropion reduces the rate of relapse to smoking in smokers who stop smoking with nicotine patch therapy, and (3) bupropion can initiate smoking abstinence among smokers who have failed to stop smoking after nicotine patch therapy. Participants and Fourteen North Central Cancer Treatment Group sites recruited generally healthy adult smokers from the general population for nicotine patch therapy and based the patch dosage on smoking rates. At completion of nicotine patch therapy, nonsmoking participants were eligible to be assigned to bupropion or placebo for 6 months (for relapse prevention). and smoking participants were eligible to be assigned to bupropion or placebo for 8 weeks of treatment. Of 578 subjects, 31% were abstinent from smoking at the end of nicotine patch therapy. Of those subjects not smoking at the end of nicotine patch therapy who entered the relapse prevention phase, 28% and 25% were not smoking at 6 months (the end of the medication phase) for bupropion and placebo, respectively (P =.73). For those still smoking at the end of nicotine patch therapy, 3.1% and 0.0% stopped smoking with bupropion or placebo, respectively (P =.12). Tailored nicotine patch therapy for the general population of smokers can be provided in a multisite oncology investigative group setting. Bupropion did not reduce relapse to smoking in smokers who stopped smoking with nicotine patch therapy. Bupropion did not initiate abstinence among smokers who failed to stop smoking with nicotine patch therapy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2003; 21(5):914-20. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Docetaxel has yielded promising response rates as a component of doxorubicin-based combination schedules in patients with metastatic breast cancer, including docetaxel/doxorubicin and docetaxel/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC). This randomized two-stage phase II study was conducted to evaluate sequential treatment with docetaxel and AC as first-line treatment in patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer previously untreated with chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Thirty-three patients were randomized to either docetaxel (100 mg/m(2)) on day 1 of a 21-day cycle for three cycles followed by AC (60/600 mg/m(2)) on day 1 of a 21-day cycle for three cycles (n = 17) or vice-versa (n = 16), without prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support. In addition, we compared pre-treatment serum sErbB1 and sErbB2 protein concentrations with that of an age- and menopausal status-matched group of healthy women, and examined changes in serum sErbB1 and sErbB2 protein concentrations in these two treatment schedules. Data from each one of the two arms of the trial (docetaxel then AC, or AC and then docetaxel) were analyzed separately. Enrollment was suspended after the first-stage of accrual, based on statistical design. Confirmed objective response rates after six cycles of treatment were 35% [95% confidence interval (CI) 14% to 62%] with docetaxel then AC and 38% (95% CI 15% to 65%) with AC then docetaxel. Dose reductions were frequent and mostly due to grade 4 neutropenia. Median survival time was 2.5 years in the docetaxel then AC group, and 1.1 years in the AC then docetaxel group. Serum sErbB1 concentrations were not significantly different between the study patients and healthy women, and did not change significantly after three and six cycles of treatment. In contrast, serum sErbB2 concentrations were significantly higher in the study patients compared with healthy women and tended to decrease after three and six cycles of treatment. Response rates at the end of six cycles of treatment, which led to termination of accrual after the first stage using either the sequence of docetaxel first or docetaxel after AC chemotherapy, were lower than anticipated. However, median survival times and median progression-free survival times are similar to those reported in other studies. These data further suggest that additional studies to assess whether serum sErbB2 concentrations are useful predictors of responsiveness to chemotherapy are warranted.
    Annals of Oncology 09/2002; 13(8):1225-35. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tricyclic antidepressants have been reported to relieve the paresthesiae associated with peripheral neuropathies of many etiologies. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial to establish the efficacy of nortriptyline in the treatment of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP)-induced paresthesiae. The study included 51 evaluable patients with CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy and painful paresthesiae. The study consisted of two 4 week phases, separated by a 1 week 'wash-out' period, in which patients received escalating dosages of either placebo or nortriptyline. The target maximum dose of nortriptyline was 100 mg/day. Each patient filled out pre-randomization and then weekly questionnaires assessing paresthesiae severity, hours of sleep, quality of life, and adverse effects over the 9 week study. No significant differences in paresthesia were observed in the first treatment period between nortriptyline and placebo (means of 49 and 55 respectively on a 0-100 point scale, P=0.78). Although some evidence of a modest effect in favor of nortriptyline was observed during the second treatment period (about one patient in five got a 10-point reduction in pain from drug above placebo effect), this occurred in the presence of a strong carryover effect. Linear models analysis and Bayes methods confirmed that the effect of nortriptyline on paresthesia was modest at best. Hours of sleep increased in the nortriptyline phase (P=0.02). There was no significant difference in measures of quality of life and the effect of paresthesiae on patients' daily activities between nortriptyline and placebo. There was no major toxicity associated with nortriptyline, but dry mouth, dizziness, and constipation were more common with nortriptyline. In summary, nortriptyline failed to demonstrate strong evidence of any effect on paresthesia or pain. The presence of a potential effect which appeared in the second period of the crossover design is questionable due to the observed carryover effect. Cross-validation sensitivity analysis of results support the conclusion that nortriptyline provides modest improvement at best over placebo in terms of chemotherapy-related neuropathy.
    Pain 08/2002; 98(1-2):195-203. · 5.64 Impact Factor
  • Pain 01/2002; 98(1). · 5.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In an earlier study of previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we used a concomitant combination of chlorambucil and 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine and reported overall (OR) and complete (CR) remission rates of 80% and 20%, respectively. After a median follow-up of 5 years, more than 80% of the responders have had a relapse. In the current phase II study of 27 previously untreated patients with CLL, we used a sequential combination of six cycles of intravenous cyclophosphamide (1 g/m2) plus oral prednisone (100 mg/m2 per day for 5 days) followed by two to six cycles of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (5 mg/m2 per day for 5 days). The OR and CR rates were 96% and 33%, respectively. After a median follow-up of 29 months, 35% of the responders have had a relapse. Progression-free survival was significantly better in CR patients than in those with partial remission. However, minimal residual disease was phenotypically detected in four of the nine CR patients. Despite the fact that the current OR and CR rates are superior to those seen in a historical cohort treated with a concomitant schedule, a longer follow-up period is needed to assess the durability of these remissions, and a controlled trial is necessary to estimate the impact on overall survival and toxicity.
    Leukemia 09/2001; 15(8):1171-5. · 10.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There continues to be a need for new systemic approaches for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare the antitumor activity of the somatostatin analogue octreotide to 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy in a Phase III setting. Eighty-four patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 and limited tumor volume were randomized to receive octreotide 200 microg three times daily or 5-fluorouracil with or without leucovorin. After the first 12 patients had been randomized to octreotide, we increased the dose in the remaining patients to 500 microg three times daily. This change was based on early reports in other studies, suggesting that our original dose may not have been effective and that higher doses of octreotide were well tolerated. A planned interim analysis performed after 84 patients were enrolled demonstrated inferior time to progression and survival for the patients randomized to octreotide. Further accrual to the octreotide arm of this protocol was therefore terminated. Octreotide in doses of 200-500 microg three times daily does not delay progression or extend survival in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer compared with treatment with 5-fluorouracil with or without leucovorin.
    Clinical Cancer Research 10/2000; 6(9):3486-92. · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Randomized studies have suggested that sucralfate is effective in mitigating diarrhea during pelvic radiation therapy (RT). This North Central Cancer Treatment Group study was undertaken to confirm the antidiarrheal effect of sucralfate. Several other measures of bowel function were also assessed. Patients receiving pelvic RT to a minimum of 45 Gy at 1.7 to 2.1 Gy/d were eligible for the study. Patients were assigned randomly, in double-blind fashion, to receive sucralfate (1.5 g orally every 6 hours) or an identical looking placebo during pelvic RT. One hundred twenty-three patients were randomly assigned and found assessable. Overall, there was no significant difference in patient characteristics between those receiving sucralfate and those receiving placebo. Moderate or worse diarrhea was observed in 53% of patients receiving sucralfate versus 41% of those receiving placebo. Compared with patients receiving placebo, more sucralfate-treated patients reported fecal incontinence (16% v 34%, respectively; P =. 04) and need for protective clothing (8% v 23%, respectively; P =. 04). The incidence and severity of nausea were worse among those taking sucralfate (P =.03). Analysis of patient-reported symptoms 10 to 12 months after RT showed a nonsignificant trend toward more problems in patients taking sucralfate than in those taking placebo (average, 2.3 v 1.9 problems, respectively; P =.34). Sucralfate did not decrease pelvic RT-related bowel toxicity by any of the end points measured and seems to have aggravated some gastrointestinal symptoms.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2000; 18(6):1239-45. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Paclitaxel is an antimicrotubule agent that interferes with cell division. It has demonstrated promising single-agent activity against non-small-cell lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of paclitaxel in previously untreated patients with extensive stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The study was designed as a two-stage phase II trial. All patients who entered received paclitaxel by intravenous infusion at a dose of 250 mg/m2 during 24 hours. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor was also provided to ameliorate neutropenia. Cycles were repeated at 21-day intervals. Patients who achieved a complete response received a maximum of 10 cycles of treatment, whereas those who achieved a partial response/regression continued treatment until progression or undue toxicity developed. Patients who progressed or maintained stable disease for six cycles were crossed over to cisplatin and etoposide. Forty-three patients entered the study and all were evaluable for analysis. Responses were observed in 23 (53%) of the patients. There was no significant difference in the response rates in patients with measurable or evaluable disease (13/23 versus 10/20, p = 0.76). At the time of analysis, 39 patients had progressed with a median time to progression of 95 days, and 39 patients had died with a median survival of 278 days. The 1-year achieved survival rate was 24%. Significant neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count <1,000/microl) occurred in 24 (56%) of the patients, but only 2 patients experienced severe infection (grade > or = 3), and there were no septic deaths. The results indicate that paclitaxel is active against SCLC. Myelosuppression was the main side effect in this patient population. Response duration was short (median = 3.4 months), which suggests that paclitaxel is not sufficient as a single agent. Further studies of paclitaxel in combination with other agents against SCLC are currently in progress within the North Central Cancer Treatment Group and other cancer treatment groups. Key Words: Paclitaxel-G-CSF-Small-cell lung cancer-North Central Cancer Treatment Group.
    American Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/1999; 22(5):517-22. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective was to determine the safety and efficacy of adding a maximally tolerated dose of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) to standard chlorambucil (CLB) therapy in previously untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Thirty patients with CLL (median age, 64 years) received two courses of 2-CdA given intravenously (2 mg/m2 daily for 7 days) added to biweekly administration of CLB at 30 mg/m2 given orally. The diagnosis of CLL, treatment indications, and response criteria were according to the National Cancer Institute established guidelines. Sixteen patients (53%) had advanced-stage disease, and four (13%) had trisomy 12 abnormality. The overall remission rate was 80%, including 20% complete remission (CR), 30% nodular partial remission (nPR), and 30% partial remission (PR). Minimal residual disease was detected phenotypically in two of five patients with CR and in eight of nine with nPR. Overall, CR, nPR, and PR rates were not influenced significantly by the presence of cytogenetic abnormalities or advanced clinical stage. With a median follow-up of 33 months, 58% of patients who had a response had relapse. Median time to progression in all 30 patients was 30 months, and time to progression and progression-free survival were not significantly different for the different response groups, clinical stages, or cytogenetic groups. Severe neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 33% and 7% of patients, respectively. Only two patients had documented bacterial infections, and four had herpetic infections. Concurrent combination chemotherapy with abbreviated doses of 2-CdA and standard-dose CLB is feasible and safe in previously untreated CLL. Antitumor activity may be superior to that of CLB alone given in conventional doses. Whether a different schedule of combining these two agents would result in improved outcome is being investigated.
    American Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/1999; 22(5):509-16. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A prospective randomized phase III clinical trial was conducted to assess whether the addition of tamoxifen (TAM) to the three-agent regimen of cisplatin (CDDP), dacarbazine (DTIC), and carmustine (BCNU) significantly increased the progression-free survival and overall survival of patients with advanced malignant melanoma. Patients with advanced malignant melanoma were treated with CDDP + DTIC + BCNU (CDB) with or without TAM. The dose schedule was CDDP 25 mg/m(2) given intravenously (IV) for 30 to 45 minutes in 500 mL of dextrose and (1/2) normal saline (NS) on days 1 to 3 of a 3-week cycle; DTIC 220 mg/m(2) IV for 1 hour in 500 mL of dextrose and (1/2) NaCl on days 1 to 3 of a 3-week cycle; BCNU 150 mg/m(2) IV for 2 to 3 hours in 750 to 1,000 mL of dextrose and 5% water on day 1 of every odd 3-week cycle; and TAM 20 mg taken orally every morning. There were 184 eligible patients enrolled. These patients were observed until death or for a minimum of 1.3 years. At last contact, 12 were still alive. The median time to progression was 3.4 months on the CDB arm and 3.1 months on the CDB + TAM arm. The median survival time was 6.8 months with CDB and 6.9 months with CDB + TAM. Progression-free survival (P =.429) and overall survival (P =.545) were not found to differ by treatment. The addition of TAM to this three-agent regimen of CDB was not found to provide a meaningful clinical advantage in the treatment of patients with advanced malignant melanoma.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/1999; 17(6):1884-90. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mucositis is a prominent dose-limiting toxicity associated with 5-FU-based chemotherapy. On the basis of preliminary data suggesting that the amino acid glutamine could alleviate this problem, the authors developed this trial. Patients scheduled to receive their first 5-FU-based chemotherapy regimen were selected for study. Following stratification, patients were randomized, in a double-blind manner, to receive oral glutamine or a placebo preparation in a prophylactic manner. Patients in both groups were given oral cryotherapy before chemotherapy and were evaluated for mucositis by standard physicians' evaluation and by a self-report instrument. Sixty-six patients were randomized to receive glutamine and 68 to receive the placebo preparation. There were no significant differences or substantial trends in the mucositis scores between the two study arms as measured by either the physicians or the patients. It was concluded that the dose and schedule of glutamine used in this clinical trial does not alleviate 5-FU-induced mucositis.
    American Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/1999; 22(3):258-61. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lymphedema of the arms can be a serious consequence of local and regional therapy in women with breast cancer. Coumarin has been reported to be effective for the treatment of women with lymphedema; we undertook a study in which we attempted to replicate those findings. We studied 140 women with chronic lymphedema of the ipsilateral arm after treatment for breast cancer. The women received 200 mg of oral coumarin or placebo twice daily for six months and then the other treatment for the following six months. The end points of the study consisted of the volume of the arm (calculated from measurements of hand and arm circumference) and the answers on a questionnaire completed by the patient about symptoms potentially related to lymphedema. The volumes of the arms at 6 and 12 months, were virtually identical, regardless of whether coumarin or placebo was given first. After six months, the average volume of the affected arm increased by 21 ml during placebo treatment and 58 ml during coumarin treatment (P=0.80). In addition, answers to patient-completed questionnaires were similar in the two treatment groups. After six months only 15 percent of the women in the coumarin group and 10 percent of those in the placebo group reported that the study medication had helped a moderate or large amount (P=0.19). Coumarin was well tolerated, except that it resulted in serologic evidence of liver toxicity in 6 percent of the women. Coumarin is not effective therapy for women who have lymphedema of the arm after treatment for breast cancer.
    New England Journal of Medicine 03/1999; 340(5):346-50. · 54.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adoptive immunotherapy (AI) with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells is an antineoplastic modality in which immune-activated cells are administered to a host having cancer in an attempt to mediate tumor regression. Levamisole (LEV), an immune stimulant, has been suggested as having therapeutic effectiveness in a variety of cancers. After a phase I trial of recombinant IL-2 plus LEV, a phase II trial of this combination was conducted in patients who had advanced renal cell carcinoma. The regimen was IL-2 at 3 x 10(6) U/m2 daily x 5 plus LEV at 50 mg/m2 perorally three times a day x 5. Only one of the 22 eligible patients had a regression. It was a partial regression, 85 days in duration. The median time to treatment failure (refusal, progression, or off study because of toxicity) was 36 days. The only grade 4 toxicity reported was lethargy. This regimen is not recommended for further testing in patients who have advanced renal cell carcinoma.
    American Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/1998; 21(2):139-41. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stomatitis is a major dose-limiting toxicity of bolus fluorouracil (5FU)-based chemotherapy regimens, despite the use of oral cryotherapy. Pursuant to preliminary data that suggested a sucralfate oral solution could alleviate chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis, we developed a prospective trial to test this contention. A phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed. Patients were entered onto the study at the time of the first cycle of 5FU-based chemotherapy. All patients received oral cryotherapy for 30 minutes with each dose of 5FU. In addition, each patient was randomized to receive either a sucralfate solution or a placebo solution to be used if they developed mouth tenderness or mouth sores. The study solution was to be used four times daily for 7 days starting on the first day of mouth tenderness or mouth sores. Stomatitis scores were determined by health care providers and by patients themselves. There was a total of 131 assessable patients entered onto this trial, 50 of whom developed mucositis and used the study medication (27 sucralfate and 23 placebo). There was no suggestion of any difference in stomatitis severity or duration on either protocol arm. The resultant data from this clinical trial did not support the prestudy hypothesis that sucralfate would be beneficial for the treatment of 5FU-induced stomatitis.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/1997; 15(3):1235-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
339.24 Total Impact Points


  • 2006
    • Michiana Hematology Oncology
      Indiana, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1995–1999
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      • Department of Oncology
      Rochester, Michigan, United States
  • 1996
    • Creighton University
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States