Isolation of Nitrosomonas in pure culture.

Journal of Bacteriology (Impact Factor: 3.19). 12/1958; 76(5):524-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of coral sands in the enrichment and isolation of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). We hypothesized that the porous coral sands provided additional surface area and nutrients for the growth of periphytic AOB. In the present study, an orthogonal test was designed to compare the AOB conversion rates of ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) to nitrite-nitrogen (NO2--N) among various combinations of culture media. Results showed that the conversion of NH4+-N to NO2--N increased significantly when the coral sands were added, implying that coral sands were beneficial to the growth of AOB. Additions of potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4) or sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) to the media became unnecessary when coral sands were used, but the addition of KH2PO4 was needed when the molar nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratio reached 10 in the enrichment media using calcium carbonate (CaCO3) powder as a calcium source.
    The Scientific World Journal 02/2007; 7:525-32. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences 01/2007; 9:701-704.
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    ABSTRACT: Nitrous oxide (N(2)O) emission from soils is a major contributor to the atmospheric loading of this potent greenhouse gas. It is thought that autotrophic ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are a significant source of soil-derived N(2)O and a denitrification pathway (i.e. reduction of NO(2) (-) to NO and N(2)O), so-called nitrifier denitrification, has been demonstrated as a N(2)O production mechanism in Nitrosomonas europaea. It is thought that Nitrosospira spp. are the dominant AOB in soil, but little information is available on their ability to produce N(2)O or on the existence of a nitrifier denitrification pathway in this lineage. This study aims to characterize N(2)O production and nitrifier denitrification in seven strains of AOB representative of clusters 0, 2 and 3 in the cultured Nitrosospira lineage. Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC 19718 and ATCC 25978 were analysed for comparison. The aerobically incubated test strains produced significant (P < 0.001) amounts of N(2)O and total N(2)O production rates ranged from 2.0 amol cell(-1) h(-1), in Nitrosospira tenuis strain NV12, to 58.0 amol cell(-1) h(-1), in N. europaea ATCC 19718. Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC 19718 was atypical in that it produced four times more N(2)O than the next highest producing strain. All AOB tested were able to carry out nitrifier denitrification under aerobic conditions, as determined by production of (15)N-N(2)O from applied (15)N-NO(2) (-). Up to 13.5% of the N(2)O produced was derived from the exogenously applied (15)N-NO(2) (-). The results suggest that nitrifier denitrification could be a universal trait in the betaproteobacterial AOB and its potential ecological significance is discussed.
    Environmental Microbiology 03/2006; 8(2):214-22. · 5.76 Impact Factor

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