Article

Inferior vena cava diameter determines left ventricular geometry in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients: an echocardiographic study.

Department of Internal Medicine, Marmara University School of Medicine, Tophanelioglu Cad. No: 13/15, Altunizade, 34660 Istanbul, Turkey.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.37). 11/2003; 18(10):2128-33. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfg298
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Changes in left ventricular (LV) geometry are frequent in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Geometric adaptation of LV to various stimuli was reported to have adverse prognosis. This study aimed to identify independent risk factors, which contribute to the development of LV geometric remodelling in CAPD patients.
The left ventricles of 69 CAPD patients were classified echocardiographically into four different geometric patterns on the basis of LV mass and relative wall thickness. With respect to volume factor, we measured inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter and its decrease on deep inspiration [collapsibility index (CI)] by echocardiography. We modelled a stepwise multiple regression analysis to determine the predictors of LV geometry.
All four geometric models of LV were identified in our group of 69 CAPD patients. Eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy (eLVH) was observed in 32 (46%), concentric LVH (cLVH) in 19 (28%), normal geometry (NG) in 10 (14%) and concentric remodelling (CR) in eight (12%) CAPD patients. Mean IVC index of the eLVH group (10.72 +/- 2.19 mm/m(2)) was significantly higher than corresponding indexes of NG (7.90 +/- 1.54 mm/m(2)), CR (8.51 +/- 1.28 mm/m(2)) and cLVH (8.04 +/- 2.00 mm/m(2)) groups (P < 0.001 for each comparisons). The eLVH group also had significantly lower mean CI value (0.48 +/- 0.11) than CR (0.58 +/- 0.09) and cLVH (0.57 +/- 0.07) groups (ANOVA P = 0.008). Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that IVC index, CI and haemoglobin were the independent predictors of LV geometric stratification (R2 = 0.36, P < 0.001).
Hypervolaemia, identified by IVC index and CI, and anaemia contribute independently to LV geometry in CAPD patients. Echocardiography as a non-invasive tool is not only useful to determine LV geometry, but also to assess the volume status of CAPD patients.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
58 Views
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Due primarily to the increasing shortage of allogeneic donor organs, xenotransplantation has become the focus of a growing field of research. Currently, micropigs are the most suitable donor animal for humans. However, no standard method has been developed to evaluate the systemic vascular anatomy of micropigs and standard reference values to aid in the selection of normal healthy animals as potential organ donors are lacking. Using 64-channel multidetector row computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA), we evaluated morphological features of the major systemic vessels in micropigs and compared our results to published human data. The main vasculature of the animals was similar to that of humans, except for the iliac arterial system. However, diameters of the major systemic vessels were significantly different between micropigs and humans. Specifically, the diameter of the aortic arch, abdominal aorta, external iliac artery, and femoral artery, were measured as 1.50 ± 0.07 cm, 0.85 ± 0.06 cm, 0.52 ± 0.05 cm, and 0.48 ± 0.05 cm, respectively, in the micropigs. This MDCTA data for micropig major systemic vessels can be used as standard reference values for xenotransplantation studies. The use of 64-channel MDCTA enables accurate evaluation of the major systemic vasculature in micropigs.
    Journal of veterinary science (Suwŏn-si, Korea) 09/2011; 12(3):209-14. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) indicates the left ventricular size; however, the significance of the CTR in patients on maintenance peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains unclear. In this study, 335 PD patients were enrolled and demographic, biochemical, co-morbidity, and dialysis-related data were obtained. The factors determining CTR were further analyzed. All patients were followed up for two years to investigate the mortality risks. We defined a normal CTR as less than the mean CTR value, mild cardiomegaly as a CTR between the mean and mean + 1 SD, and moderate-to-severe cardiomegaly as more than the mean CTR + 1 SD. Among the 335 patients, 163 patients were classified as having a normal CTR (<49.2%), 112 patients as having mild cardiomegaly (CTR 49.2-55.7%), and 60 patients as having moderate-to-severe cardiomegaly (CTR > 55.7%). χ(2) -analysis showed that the incidences of malnutrition and anemia were significantly higher in patients with severe cardiomegaly than in patients of the other groups. The CTR was positively correlated with age, but negatively correlated with albumin and hemoglobin levels. Twenty-six patients (7.7%) had died by the end of the study. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that the CTR significantly predicts all-cause two-year mortality in PD patients on maintenance PD; therefore, the CTR correlates with the nutritional and anemic status of PD patients and is a reliable predictor for all-cause two-year mortality. The analytical results of this study support continued efforts to reduce the CTR and treat underlying causes in patients with cardiomegaly.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 02/2011; 15(1):81-8. · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Volume status assessment is an important aspect of patient management in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Echocardiologist-performed measurement of IVC collapsibility index (IVC-CI) provides useful information about filling pressures, but is limited by its portability, cost, and availability. Intensivist-performed bedside ultrasonography (INBU) examinations have the potential to overcome these impediments. We used INBU to evaluate hemodynamic status of SICU patients, focusing on correlations between IVC-CI and CVP. Prospective evaluation of hemodynamic status was conducted on a convenience sample of SICU patients with a brief (3 to 10 minutes) INBU examination. INBU examinations were performed by noncardiologists after 3 hours of didactics in interpreting and acquiring two-dimensional and M-mode images, and > or =25 proctored examinations. IVC-CI measurements were compared with invasive CVP values. Of 124 enrolled patients, 101 had CVP catheters (55 men, mean age 58.3 years, 44.6% intubated). Of these, 18 patients had uninterpretable INBU examinations, leaving 83 patients with both CVP monitoring devices and INBU IVC evaluations. Patients in three IVC-CI ranges (<0.20, 0.20 to 0.60, and >0.60) demonstrated significant decrease in mean CVP as IVC-CI increased (p = 0.023). Although <5% of patients with IVC-CI <0.20 had CVP <7 mmHg, >40% of this group had a CVP >12 mmHg. Conversely, >60% of patients with IVC-CI >0.6 had CVP <7 mmHg. Measurements of IVC-CI by INBU can provide a useful guide to noninvasive volume status assessment in SICU patients. IVC-CI appears to correlate best with CVP in the setting of low (<0.20) and high (>0.60) collapsibility ranges. Additional studies are needed to confirm and expand on findings of this study.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 08/2009; 209(1):55-61. · 4.50 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
2 Downloads
Available from
Mar 19, 2014