Osmolarity of human serum and of chemical solutions of biologic importance.

Clinical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 7.15). 05/1961; 7:154-64.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in vitamin D metabolism and their effect on calcium and bone metabolism in uremia have been extensively studied. However, the possible effect of uremia on intestinal absorption of vitamin D has not been investigated. We determined the rate of intestinal absorption of vitamin D3 in uremic and normal rats using a well-defined in vivo perfusion technique under identical experimental conditions. The rate of jejunal absorption of vitamin D3 in uremic animals (5.09 +/- 1.87 pmol/100 cm/h) was significantly less (p less than 0.001) than that found in the control animals (11.5 +/- 1.6 pmol/100 cm/h). While the underlying mechanism(s) of the observed reduction in vitamin D absorption in uremia is not known, its recognition adds another dimension to the previously recognized abnormalities of vitamin D metabolism in uremia.
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    ABSTRACT: At present, centrifugation is the most common method for separation and isolation of cells and subcellular particles. The technique can be used for a wide range of applications. During latter years it has become obvious what a powerful method density gradient centrifugation is, especially when used in conjunction with sensitive assays or clinical treatments. The most active areas for use of density gradient centrifugation include purification for in vitro fertilization of sperm of both human and bovine origin, isolation of cells for cell therapy of patients receiving chemo- and radiation therapy and basic research both on cellular and subcellular levels. These treatments and investigations require homogeneous populations of cells and cell organelles, which are undamaged after the separation procedure. Percoll, once introduced to reduce convection during centrifugation, has proved to be the density gradient medium of choice since it fulfills almost all criteria of an ideal density gradient medium. Recently good results have also been obtained after silanization of colloidal silica particles, e.g. BactXtractor. The latter medium has proved to be useful in recovery of microorganisms from food samples free of inhibitors to the Polymer Chain Reaction (PCR). The separation procedures described for Percoll in this review seem to be applicable to any cells or organelles in suspension for which differences in size or bouyant density exist. Furthermore, since Percoll media are inert, they are well suited for the separation of fragile elements like enveloped viruses.
    Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 08/2000; 44(1-2):1-30. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biological fluids can be considered to contain information-rich mixtures of biochemicals and particles that enable clinicians to accurately diagnose a wide range of pathologies. Rapid and inexpensive analysis of blood and other bodily fluids is a topic gaining substantial attention in both science and medicine. One line of development involves microfluidic approaches that provide unique advantages over entrenched technologies, including rapid analysis times, microliter sample and reagent volumes, potentially low cost, and practical portability. The present study focuses on the isolation and concentration of human blood cells from small-volume samples of diluted whole blood. Separation of cells from the matrix of whole blood was accomplished using constant potential insulator-based gradient dielectrophoresis in a converging, sawtooth-patterned microchannel. The channel design enabled the isolation and concentration of specific cell types by exploiting variations in their characteristic physical properties. The technique can operate with isotonic buffers, allowing capture of whole cells, and reproducible capture occurred at specific locales within the channel over a global applied voltage range of 200-700 V.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 08/2011; 401(7):2103-11. · 3.66 Impact Factor


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