Cancer in saudi arabia

Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.9). 01/1964; 16(12):1530-6. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(196312)16:123.0.CO;2-Q
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionSaudi Arabia has a low incidence of cancer; the age-standardized rate of cancer is only 83/100,000, compared to the world rate of 181/100,000. Recent reports confirm a yearly increase in cancer in general, and of genitourinary cancer (GUC) in particular. The aim of the study was to assess the trends of GUC among Saudi nationals.Methods All available annual reports of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) from 1994 to 2006 were analysed and compared with worldwide data.ResultsOver a period of 13 years, 7132 GUCs were identified among Saudis, comprising 8.9% of all cancers reported, compared to 12.7% worldwide. The incidence rate of GUC increased over the study period, with the greatest increase in prostate and kidney cancer, at 48% and 33%, respectively. Summary stage data (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme) showed late presentation of GUC at the time of diagnosis. An improvement in stage was only found in testicular and prostate cancer, at 79% and 50%, respectively. While prostate and bladder cancer ranked sixth and ninth in the male population, penile cancer continued to be a rare disease.Conclusions The incidence of GUC in Saudi Arabia is still low, but there was a significant increase in prostate and kidney cancer. More effort is needed to detect GUC at an earlier stage. A national cancer control programme is suggested.
    09/2011; 9(3):199–202. DOI:10.1016/j.aju.2011.10.006
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis of skin cancers in a major referral centre in Taif region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, (KSA). The case records of all malignant skin cancers diagnosed during a 10 year period, from 1992 through to 2001 were taken for the study. The clinical and histopathological details were noted. These were compared to reports from the rest of KSA and other countries. One hundred and four cases of malignant skin lesions including primary and metastatic tumors were seen. The majority were Saudis. The male to female ratio was 2.25:1. Most of the patients were over the age of 60 years. Basal cell carcinoma was the most frequent (51%) followed by squamous cell carcinoma (26%) and malignant melanoma (12.5%). Other rare primary tumors were those arising from the skin appendages, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and Kaposi's sarcoma. Metastatic skin lesions were seen in 5; in one it resulted from a surgical procedure and in the others the primary site could not be determined. The number of patients seen in this report is not high indicating that protective factors like clothing and skin type of the individual played a protective role. However, we feel that more studies should be encouraged in other regions along with the creation of a registry within each area to monitor the information regarding skin cancers. This could then be incorporated in health education programmes to be imparted to the public.
    Saudi medical journal 01/2004; 24(12):1381-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Results: Skin cancer account for 6.7% of all malignancies among Bahraini Arabs with 70.2% of the patients above the age of 60 years as compared to 43.8% in the expatriate group. It is 2.5 times more common in the expatriate population in their 4th and 5 decades of life than the Bahraini group. There were no Bahraini patients with MM in their 4th decade as compared to 52.9% in the expatriate group. In both groups, skin cancer particularly BCC predominantly affected the sun the exposed parts of the body. However, BCC and MM of the trunk and lower extremities is 3 times more common among the expatriate group than the Bahraini. Similarly the former group develop 7 times more non-invasive cancers than the Bahraini and also show 9 times more multicentric lesions than Bahraini. Four percent of skin cancers in Bahraini are lymphomas as compared to 0.4% in the expatriate group. Conclusions. The incidence of skin in Bahrain and the Arabian Gulf countries is low as compared to those of Europe, North America and Australasia. The differences between the Arabs and expatriate population are due to the influence of genetic and ethnic background, local cultural habits of avoiding exposure to the biological effect of solar radiation and the protection provided by local costumes worn by men and women.