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CANCER IN SAUDI ARABIA.

Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.2). 01/1964; 16:1530-6. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(196312)16:123.0.CO;2-Q
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    ABSTRACT: Results: Skin cancer account for 6.7% of all malignancies among Bahraini Arabs with 70.2% of the patients above the age of 60 years as compared to 43.8% in the expatriate group. It is 2.5 times more common in the expatriate population in their 4th and 5 decades of life than the Bahraini group. There were no Bahraini patients with MM in their 4th decade as compared to 52.9% in the expatriate group. In both groups, skin cancer particularly BCC predominantly affected the sun the exposed parts of the body. However, BCC and MM of the trunk and lower extremities is 3 times more common among the expatriate group than the Bahraini. Similarly the former group develop 7 times more non-invasive cancers than the Bahraini and also show 9 times more multicentric lesions than Bahraini. Four percent of skin cancers in Bahraini are lymphomas as compared to 0.4% in the expatriate group. Conclusions. The incidence of skin in Bahrain and the Arabian Gulf countries is low as compared to those of Europe, North America and Australasia. The differences between the Arabs and expatriate population are due to the influence of genetic and ethnic background, local cultural habits of avoiding exposure to the biological effect of solar radiation and the protection provided by local costumes worn by men and women.
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    ABSTRACT: It was widely reported that 80 to 90 percent of all cancers are related to life style and environmental factors, which could be is some way preventable. Lung cancer is the most vivid example, where 80 to 85 percent of these cases are directly related to smoking. Worldwide tobacco smoking and chewing is responsible for 2.5 million deaths annually.Tobacco smoking and chewing is responsible for many cancers beside lung cancer, eg. cancer of the Month, cheeks, tongue, lips, pharynx, larynx and esophagus. It is also a contributing factor in cancers of the bladder, kidney, pros-tate, cervix and stomach.Islamic teachings prohibit smoking. There are hundreds of Fatwas (decrees) that prohibit smoking and chewing of tobacco since its first introduc-tion to Islamic countries ie. 100 H / 1591 A.D.If the Muslims adhere to these Fatwas, they will eradicate a major cause for cancer. It will also reduce the deaths due to other lung diseases and ischemic heart diseases which showed relentless increase in most Islamic countries.
    Journal of family & community medicine. 01/1994; 1(1):79-86.
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionSaudi Arabia has a low incidence of cancer; the age-standardized rate of cancer is only 83/100,000, compared to the world rate of 181/100,000. Recent reports confirm a yearly increase in cancer in general, and of genitourinary cancer (GUC) in particular. The aim of the study was to assess the trends of GUC among Saudi nationals.Methods All available annual reports of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) from 1994 to 2006 were analysed and compared with worldwide data.ResultsOver a period of 13 years, 7132 GUCs were identified among Saudis, comprising 8.9% of all cancers reported, compared to 12.7% worldwide. The incidence rate of GUC increased over the study period, with the greatest increase in prostate and kidney cancer, at 48% and 33%, respectively. Summary stage data (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme) showed late presentation of GUC at the time of diagnosis. An improvement in stage was only found in testicular and prostate cancer, at 79% and 50%, respectively. While prostate and bladder cancer ranked sixth and ninth in the male population, penile cancer continued to be a rare disease.Conclusions The incidence of GUC in Saudi Arabia is still low, but there was a significant increase in prostate and kidney cancer. More effort is needed to detect GUC at an earlier stage. A national cancer control programme is suggested.
    Arab Journal of Urology. 09/2011; 9(3):199–202.

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