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CANCER IN SAUDI ARABIA.

Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.2). 01/1964; 16:1530-6. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(196312)16:123.0.CO;2-Q
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer accounts for 4% of all newly diagnosed cancers in Saudi Arabia. The pattern of presentation is unknown. The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical, radiological, pathological, biochemical and bronchoscopic abnormalities in lung cancer patients and to compare our findings with those reported in the literature. A total of 114 patients with proven lung cancer were selected for the study. A questionnaire concerning patients' demographic data was obtained; the abnormalities and the cell types of lung cancer were recorded prospectively in each subject. A total of 114 patients with lung cancer were studied. Mean age ± SD was (59.8 ± 10.8) years, and (71.1%) were smokers and 95.1% of them were male, (90.1%) smoked >20 pack/yr (96.2%) for 20 years or more. Cough (76.3%) and clubbing (40.4%) were the most common symptom and physical abnormality respectively. The right lung (64.9%) was more commonly affected than the left (37.7%). Metastases were present in (49.1%) at presentation. The right and left upper bronchi (24% vs. 16%) were the mostly affected. Hypercalcemia was more common in squamous cell, while hyponatremia was more common in adenocarcinoma, and small cell. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common cell type (51.8%) and significantly associated with smoking (P ≤ 0.001) Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common cell type, and significantly associated with smoking. The incidence of metastasis was high at presentation. The right lung and right upper bronchus were often affected. Hypercalcemia and hyponatremia were the most common biochemical abnormalities.
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of Genito-urinary cancer (GUC) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) increases with age and is 5-fold higher in men than in women. Genito-urinary cancer accounts for only 9.2% of all cancers in KSA, while the rate in the United States of America (USA) is as high as 24.1%. An epidemiological search on GUC in KSA revealed a relatively low incidence compared to developed countries. This is more evident in prostatic cancer, which is 50 times lower than in the USA. The most common GUC in KSA is bladder, followed by the prostate, kidney, and testicular cancer. Penile cancer is extremely rare. Genito-urinary cancer is not among the 10 most common cancer in KSA, however, bladder cancer ranking tenth. Reviewing the National Cancer Registry data in addition to the available literature on GUC in KSA for the past 50-years showed the changing pattern of this disease over time.
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionSaudi Arabia has a low incidence of cancer; the age-standardized rate of cancer is only 83/100,000, compared to the world rate of 181/100,000. Recent reports confirm a yearly increase in cancer in general, and of genitourinary cancer (GUC) in particular. The aim of the study was to assess the trends of GUC among Saudi nationals.Methods All available annual reports of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) from 1994 to 2006 were analysed and compared with worldwide data.ResultsOver a period of 13 years, 7132 GUCs were identified among Saudis, comprising 8.9% of all cancers reported, compared to 12.7% worldwide. The incidence rate of GUC increased over the study period, with the greatest increase in prostate and kidney cancer, at 48% and 33%, respectively. Summary stage data (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme) showed late presentation of GUC at the time of diagnosis. An improvement in stage was only found in testicular and prostate cancer, at 79% and 50%, respectively. While prostate and bladder cancer ranked sixth and ninth in the male population, penile cancer continued to be a rare disease.Conclusions The incidence of GUC in Saudi Arabia is still low, but there was a significant increase in prostate and kidney cancer. More effort is needed to detect GUC at an earlier stage. A national cancer control programme is suggested.
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