Clusterin expression in the early process of pancreas regeneration in the pancreatectomized rat.

Department of Pharmacology and BK21 Program for Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.4). 11/2003; 51(10):1355-65. DOI: 10.1177/002215540305101012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have previously reported upregulation of clusterin at the time of islet cell regeneration after beta-cell injury. This led us to speculate that clusterin might be involved in the neogenic regeneration of the pancreas. Clusterin expression was examined throughout the process of pancreatic neogenesis in pancreatectomized rats. For in vitro analysis, duct cells were isolated from the rat pancreas and clusterin cDNA was transfected for its overexpression. Clusterin and its mRNA increased significantly in the early phase of regeneration, particularly at 1-3 days after pancreatectomy. Clusterin was transiently expressed in the differentiating acinar cells but faded afterwards. Interestingly, these clusterin cells were negative for PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen), whereas most epithelial cells in ductules in the regenerating tissue showed extensive proliferative activity. Clusterin expression was also detected in some endocrine cells of the regenerating tissue. Transfection of clusterin cDNA into primary cultured duct cells resulted in a 2.5-fold increase in cell proliferation and induced transformation of non-differentiated duct cells into differentiated cells displaying cytokeratin immunoreactivity. Taken together, these results suggest that clusterin may play essential roles in the neogenic regeneration of pancreatic tissue by stimulating proliferation and differentiation of duct cells.

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    ABSTRACT: Clusterin is known to be expressed in many human neoplasms, and is believed to participate in the regeneration, migration, and anti-apoptosis of tumor cells. However, few reports have addressed the relationship between the manifestation of clusterin and clinicopathologic parameters in pancreas cancer patients. In the present study, the authors investigated the expression of clusterin and its clinical significance in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for clusterin in tumor tissues obtained from patients who received pancreatic resection with radical intent, and the associations of clusterin expression with various clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed in addition to the relation between its expression and survival. Immunoreactivity for clusterin was observed in 17 of the 52 (33%) pancreatic adenocarcinomas examined. In addition, clusterin positivity was found to be associated with preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen level, perineural invasion, and, most strongly, lymph node metastasis. The survival analysis identified tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis as the only significant prognostic factors. Although not an independent prognostic factor, clusterin immunoreactivity can be used in conjunction with lymph node metastasis to predict survival in cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of exendin-4 (Ex4) treatment on expression of clusterin and β cell regeneration in the endocrine pancreas in neonatal streptozotocin (nSTZ) diabetic rats. Three groups were used: (1) n2-STZ group; on the second day after birth 100mg/kg STZ was given i.p. to two groups of newborn rats, (2) n2-STZ+Ex4 group; 3μg/kg/day Ex4 was given for 5 days starting on the third day, and (3) control group. In situ hybridization for mRNAs of insulin and clusterin, double immunostaining for insulin/clusterin and insulin/BrdU were carried out. Immunostaining for insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, clusterin, synaptophysin and pdx-1 was performed. In the n2-STZ+Ex4 group, BrdU/insulin and insulin/clusterin immunopositive cells were significantly increased in the islets of Langerhans in comparison to the other groups. The areas occupied by the insulin mRNA and peptide positive cells and also pdx-1 immunopositive cells were decreased in the n2-STZ diabetic group compared with the other groups. The clusterin mRNA and protein positive cells, and also the glucagon and somatostatin cells, were significantly increased in the islets of the n2-STZ and the n2-STZ+Ex4 groups compared with the control group. The results show that Ex4 treatment induces new beta cell clusters via up-regulation of clusterin, which might be effective on beta-cell proliferation and neogenesis.
    Acta Histochemica 07/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.acthis.2012.12.007 · 1.76 Impact Factor


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