Ophthalmic presentation of the Muir Torre syndrome.
Department of Ophthalmology, Kent County Ophthalmic and Aural Hospital, Maidstone, Kent, United Kingdom.Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.67). 10/2003; 19(5):402-4. DOI:10.1097/01.IOP.0000087068.21749.43
ABSTRACT The Muir Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by the association of certain skin tumors and systemic malignancies. We report the ophthalmic presentation of this syndrome in two cases.
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ABSTRACT: Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous tumor and at least one visceral malignancy. Although a wide range of internal malignancies have been reported, the most frequently observed internal neoplasm is colorectal carcinoma. MTS and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) share many clinical and pathological characteristics and thus may share similar genetic mechanisms of tumorigenesis. Recently, microsatellite instability (MIN) has been reported in tumor tissue from patients with HNPCC. In order to determine if tumors from MTS patients might also show MIN, we examined DNA extracted from paraffin-embedded tissues for the presence of MIN at (CA)n repeats on chromosomes 5q, 15q, 17p, and 18q. Data was obtained on 13 patients, 9 of which had at least one colorectal tumor. Of these, six demonstrated widespread MIN in all sebaceous and colorectal tumors examined, as well as in a transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis, a prostatic adenocarcinoma and a keratoacanthoma. Overall, patients with MIN differed from patients without MIN in several respects, the most important of which include: (a) uniform presence and early onset of colorectal cancer (average age, 40 versus 70 years); (b) prolonged survival following diagnosis of visceral malignancy (median survival, 32 versus 11 years); and (c) a greater number of visceral and skin tumors. These data suggests that patients with MTS may be composed of at least two subgroups, each demonstrating different genetic, pathological and clinical features. Furthermore, the subgroup demonstrating MIN may share similar genetic mechanisms of tumorigenesis with patients having HNPCC, supporting the notion that these syndromes are allelic.Cancer Research 04/1994; 54(5):1159-63. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by: (1) at least a single sebaceous gland tumor (either an adenoma, an epithelioma, or a carcinoma) and (2) a minimum of one internal malignancy. To date, 120 patients with MTS have been reported. The most commonly associated neoplasms were colorectal (51%) and genitourinary (25%). Unlike colorectal neoplasms in the general population, the majority (58%) of these tumors in MTS patients occurred proximal to or at the splenic flexure. Nearly half of the MTS patients had more than one primary malignancy. Cutaneous lesions occurred before or concurrent with the diagnosis of the initial cancer in 41% of these patients. The median age for the appearance of the skin lesions was 53 years (range, 23 to 89 years); the median age for the detection of the initial visceral neoplasm was 50 years (range, 23 to 81 years). The cancers appear to have an indolent course in many of the MTS patients; the median survival has not been reached and the median follow-up is 10+ years. Patients with an MTS-associated cutaneous lesion should have a complete evaluation for gastrointestinal or genitourinary cancers. Although the penetrance of this disease is variable, its autosomal dominant inheritance suggests that relatives should be examined for sebaceous gland tumors and internal malignancy.The American Journal of Medicine 06/1991; · 4.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Torre or Muir-Torre syndrome consists of certain types of sebaceous neoplasms of the skin, with or without keratoacanthomas, and one or more low-grade visceral malignancies in the absence of other predisposing factors. The sebaceous tumors are relatively uncommon or rare: sebaceous adenoma, sebaceous epithelioma, basal cell epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation, and sebaceous carcinoma. Sebaceous hyperplasia and hamartomas such as nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, with or without a sebaceous epithelioma within it, are not a defining part of this syndrome. Sebaceous hyperplasia is common in elderly light-complexioned people with or without this syndrome. Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn is not rare and is predisposed to the development of other neoplasms within it, including occasionally a sebaceous epithelioma. Colonic polyps are frequently present. Muir-Torre syndrome requires recognition because affected patients are at risk of multiple primary malignancies. The skin lesions may be the first sign of this syndrome, although more often its cutaneous signs follow the diagnosis of at least the first visceral malignancy. The Muir-Torre syndrome portends the greater possibility of a favorable prognosis than might be anticipated otherwise because the visceral cancers are usually low-grade malignancies. However, they are often multiple, so identifying such patients will affect their management in a few ways. Because these indolent visceral malignancies tend to permit prolonged survival, even metastatic disease may respond well to aggressive surgical treatment. The sebaceous cancers in this syndrome, like the visceral malignancies, are less aggressive than their counterparts unassociated with this syndrome. Because this syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, identifying one patient means delineating an entire family, which should be investigated. This syndrome may be caused by a defective mismatch DNA repair gene.Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 08/1995; 33(1):90-104. · 4.91 Impact Factor
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