Detection of bacteria and fungi in BacT/Alert standard blood-culture bottles.
ABSTRACT Incubation periods of aerobic (AE) and anaerobic (AN) blood-culture bottles with the BacT/Alert system were assessed in our laboratory. We reviewed the results of 6229 blood-culture sets collected at Kyoto University Hospital from January 1999 to December 2000. Of these sets, 731 (11.7%) were positive for bacteria or yeast. Excluding 87 sets with growth evidence on arrival, of the 644 positive blood-culture sets from 341 patients, a total of 691 organisms were isolated. Of the 691 organisms, 413 (59.8%) were recovered from both bottles, 206 (29.8%) were recovered only from the AE bottle, and 72 (10.4%) were recovered only from the AN bottle. The AE bottle was significantly superior to the AN bottle in terms of both recovery rate and detection time for overall organisms, but there was no significant difference in detection time for facultative anaerobic bacteria between the two bottles. Of the 691 organisms, 530 (76.7%) were classified as usual pathogens. Of the 530 usual pathogens, 501 (94.5%) were recovered in at least one bottle of each set within the first 3 days, and 523 (98.7%) within the first 5 days of incubation. Twenty-nine organisms initially isolated on day 4 or later were recovered from 19 patients. Of these, chart reviews indicated that 21 organisms recovered from 11 patients were considered clinically significant bacteria, and the reviews also revealed that no patient had a treatment plan altered based on the results of positive blood culture. Seven organisms initially isolated on day 6 or later were recovered from 7 patients. Chart reviews revealed that 5 of these organisms from 5 patients were considered to be clinically significant. In conclusion, if the incubation period had been less than 3 days, 11 patients with clinically significant bacteremia or fungemia, (3.2% of all patients with bacteremia or fungemia) would have been undiagnosed. Similarly, with an incubation period of 5 days, 5 such patients (1.5%) would have been undiagnosed.
- Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 07/2002; 60 Suppl 6:392-5.
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ABSTRACT: To elucidate the existence of microorganisms from blood culture bottles in hospitals without a microbiology laboratory, we changed the system of blood culture examinations. The Oxoid signal blood culture system and submission of all blood cultures to the clinical testing industry was used from July 2002 to December 2002 (first period). Use of the BacT/Alert system and performing of Gram stain for positive culture bottles in our institutions was conducted from January 2003 to June 2003 (latter period). A total of 210 and 193 blood cultures were processed during the first and latter periods, respectively. There were 40 (19.0%) positive cultures in the first period and 32 (16.6%) positive cultures in the latter period. The times from the specimen collection to the Gram stain result that were required were 3.8 and 1.0 days in the first period and the latter period, respectively. The times required for the final report of the blood cultures in the first period and in the latter period were 5.8 and 4.9 days, respectively. We conclude that using a continuous monitoring, automated blood culture system and performing Gram stain for positive culture bottles in institutions without microbiology laboratories may be useful for medical doctors to rapidly determine the existence of microorganisms and to begin adequate antiinfective therapy.Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 09/2004; 10(4):239-41. DOI:10.1007/s10156-004-0328-0 · 1.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether the use of BacT/Alert FA and FN blood culture bottles increases the yield of microorganisms, we performed a before-after study. BacT/Alert standard aerobic (AE) and anaerobic (AN) bottles were used from January 1999 to May 2001 (before period). FA and FN bottles were used from May 2001 to March 2003 (after period). A total of 7796 AE, 7807 AN, 4798 FA, and 4787 FN bottles were processed. There were 742 (9.5%) AE-, 598 (7.7%) AN-, 521 (10.7%) FA-, and 396 (8.3%) FN-positive bottles. From these positive bottles 776, 631, 585, and 487 microorganisms were isolated, respectively. Among the isolated microorganisms, 58 (7.5%) and 59 (10.1%) Candida species were isolated from AE and FA bottles, respectively, and 17 (2.7%) and 21 (4.3%) obligate anaerobes were isolated from AN and FN bottles, respectively. We conclude that BacT/Alert FA and FN bottles showed a higher percentage of positivity for microorganisms, in particular for Candida species and obligate anaerobes.Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 01/2005; 10(6):343-7. DOI:10.1007/s10156-004-0349-8 · 1.38 Impact Factor