The ECAT ART Scanner for Positron Emission Tomography. 1. Improvements in Performance Characteristics.

PET Facility, Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Clinical Positron Imaging 02/1999; 2(1):5-15. DOI: 10.1016/S1095-0397(98)00057-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The widespread use of positron emission tomography (PET) has been to some extent limited by the cost and complexity of PET instrumentation. Recognition of the wider applicability of clinical PET imaging is reflected in the ECAT ART design, a low cost PET scanner targeted for clinical applications, particularly in oncology. The ART comprises two asymmetrically opposed arrays of BGO block detectors. Each array consists of 88 (transaxial) by 24 (axial) crystals, and the arrays rotate continuously at 30 rpm to acquire a full 3D projection data set. Sensitivity and count rate limitations are key performance parameters for any imaging device. This paper reports on improved performance characteristics of the ART, achieved by operating the scanner with a decreased block integration time, reduced coincidence time window, and collimated singles transmission sources. Compared to the standard ART configuration, these modifications result in both improved count rate performance and higher quality transmission scans.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study compared computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA) and positron emission tomography (PET) for the detection of significant anatomical coronary artery stenosis as defined by conventional invasive coronary angiography (CICA). The study protocol was approved by the local ethics board, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Of the 26 patients (mean age 57+/-9 years, 18 men) who prospectively underwent CTA and rubidium-82 PET before CICA, 24 patients had a history of chest pain. Images were interpreted by expert readers and assessed for the presence of anatomically significant coronary stenosis (50% luminal diameter stenosis or greater) or myocardial perfusion defects. Diagnostic test characteristics were analyzed using patient-based, territory-based, vessel-based and segment-based analyses. In the 24 patients referred for chest pain, CTA had similar sensitivity to PET, but was more specific (sensitivity 95% [95% CI 72% to 100%] versus 95% [95% CI 72% to 100%], respectively; specificity 100% [95% CI 46% to 100%] versus 60% [95% CI 17% to 93%], respectively) in the detection of patients with anatomical coronary artery stenosis of 50% or greater. On a per-segment basis of all 26 patients, CTA had a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 72%, 99%, 91% and 95%, respectively, in all coronary segments. Coronary CTA has a similar sensitivity and specificity to rubidium-82 PET for the identification of patients with significant anatomical coronary artery disease.
    The Canadian journal of cardiology 09/2007; 23(10):801-7. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first aim of the study was to investigate the diagnostic potential of (11)C-acetate PET in the early detection of prostate cancer recurrence. A second aim was the evaluation of early and late PET in this context. The study population comprised 32 prostate cancer patients with early evidence of relapse after initial radiotherapy (group A) or radical surgery (group B). The median PSA of group A (n=17) patients was 6 ng/ml (range 2.6-30.2) while that of group B (n=15) was 0.4 ng/ml (range 0.08-4.8). Pelvic-abdominal-thoracic PET was started 2 min after injection of (11)C-acetate and evaluated after fusion with CT. Group A: Taking a SUV(max)> or =2 as the cut-off, PET showed local recurrences in 14/17 patients and two equivocal results. Distant disease was observed in six patients and an equivocal result was obtained in one. Endorectal MRI was positive in 12/12 patients. Biopsy confirmed local recurrence in six of six (100%) patients. PET was positive in five of the six patients with biopsy-proven recurrences, the result in the remaining patient being equivocal. Group B: Among the 15 patients, visual interpretation was positive for local recurrences in five patients and equivocal in four. One obturator lymph node was positive. Endorectal MRI was positive in 11/15 patients and equivocal in two. Positional correlation of positive/equivocal results on PET and endorectal MRI was observed in seven of nine patients. PSA decreased significantly after salvage radiotherapy in 8/14 patients, providing strong evidence for local recurrence. PET of the eight patients responding to RT was positive in three and equivocal in two. (11)C-acetate PET was found to be valuable in the early evaluation of prostate cancer relapse. Optimising scanning time and use of modern PET-CT equipment might allow further improvement.
    European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 02/2007; 34(2):185-96. · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Software-based image fusion is used routinely for the alignment of functional and anatomical images of the brain. For other parts of the body, image registration is more problematic owing to differences in patient positioning, scanner bed profiles and the involuntary movement of internal organs. An alternative to the software approach is a scanner that acquires both function and anatomy during a single imaging session: a fusion of the technologies rather than a fusion of the images post hoc. Consequently, we designed and built a prototype combined PET and CT scanner comprising a clinical CT and a clinical PET scanner mounted together in a single gantry. Over 300 cancer patients have been imaged in the scanner to establish the clinical value of the combined PET/CT approach. The CT images were used to provide essentially noiseless attenuation correction factors for the PET data. The widespread interest created by the patient studies acquired with the prototype PET/CT stimulated commercial activity and several major vendors of medical imaging equipment now offer combined PET/CT designs. This paper reviews the development of the combined PET/CT scanner, and illustrates the clinical aspects with some typical studies in cancer patients. The potential impact on medical practice of the commercial availability of PET/CT scanner technology at affordable cost is assessed.
    British Journal of Radiology 12/2002; 75 Spec No:S24-30. · 1.22 Impact Factor