Permease recycling and ubiquitination status reveal a particular role for Bro1 in the multivesicular body pathway.
ABSTRACT Ubiquitination of the yeast Gap1 permease at the plasma membrane triggers its endocytosis followed by targeting to the vacuolar lumen for degradation. We previously identified Bro1 as a protein essential to this down-regulation. In this study, we show that Bro1 is essential neither to ubiquitination nor to the early steps of Gap1 endocytosis. Bro1 rather intervenes at a late step of the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway, after the core components of the endosome-associated ESCRT-III protein complex and before or in conjunction with Doa4, the ubiquitin hydrolase mediating protein deubiquitination prior to their incorporation into MVB vesicles. Bro1 markedly differs from other class E vacuolar protein sorting factors involved in MVB sorting as lack of Bro1 leads to recycling of the internalized permease back to the plasma membrane by passing through the Golgi. This recycling seems to be accompanied by deubiquitination of the permease and unexpectedly requires a normal endosome-to-vacuole transport function.
Article: K63-linked ubiquitin chains as a specific signal for protein sorting into the multivesicular body pathway.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A growing number of yeast and mammalian plasma membrane proteins are reported to be modified with K63-linked ubiquitin (Ub) chains. However, the relative importance of this modification versus monoubiquitylation in endocytosis, Golgi to endosome traffic, and sorting into the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway remains unclear. In this study, we show that K63-linked ubiquitylation of the Gap1 permease is essential for its entry into the MVB pathway. Carboxypeptidase S also requires modification with a K63-Ub chain for correct MVB sorting. In contrast, monoubiquitylation of a single target lysine of Gap1 is a sufficient signal for its internalization from the cell surface, and Golgi to endosome transport of the permease requires neither its ubiquitylation nor the Ub-binding GAT (Gga and Tom1) domain of Gga (Golgi localizing, gamma-ear containing, ARF binding) adapter proteins, the latter being crucial for subsequent MVB sorting of the permease. Our data reveal that K63-linked Ub chains act as a specific signal for MVB sorting, providing further insight into the Ub code of membrane protein trafficking.The Journal of Cell Biology 05/2009; 185(3):493-502. · 10.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The yeast general amino acid permease Gap1 is a convenient model for studying the intracellular trafficking of membrane proteins. Present at the plasma membrane when the nitrogen source is poor, it undergoes ubiquitin-dependent endocytosis and degradation upon addition of a good nitrogen source, e.g., ammonium. It comprises 12 transmembrane domains (TM) flanked by cytosol-facing N- and C-terminal tails (NT, CT). The NT of Gap1 contains the acceptor lysines for ubiquitylation and its CT includes a sequence essential to exit from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We used alanine-scanning mutagenesis to isolate 64 mutant Gap1 proteins altered in the NT, the CT, or one of the five TM-connecting intracellular loops (L2, -4, -6, -8 and -10). We found 17 mutations (in L2, L8, L10 and CT) impairing Gap1 exit from the ER. Of the 47 mutant proteins reaching the plasma membrane normally, two are unstable and rapidly down-regulated even when the nitrogen source is poor. Six others are totally inactive and another four, altered in a 16-amino-acid sequence in the NT, are resistant to ammonium-induced down-regulation. Finally, a mutation in L6 causes missorting of Gap1 from the secretory pathway to the vacuole. Interestingly, this direct vacuolar sorting seems to be independent of Gap1 ubiquitylation. This study illustrates the importance of multiple intracellular regions of Gap1 in its secretion, transport activity, and down-regulation.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(4):e18457. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: From transporter to transceptor: signaling from transporters provokes re-evaluation of complex trafficking and regulatory controls: endocytic internalization and intracellular trafficking of nutrient transceptors may, at least in part, be governed by their signaling function.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: When cells are starved of their substrate, many nutrient transporters are induced. These undergo rapid endocytosis and redirection of their intracellular trafficking when their substrate becomes available again. The discovery that some of these transporters also act as receptors, or transceptors, suggests that at least part of the sophisticated controls governing the trafficking of these proteins has to do with their signaling function rather than with control of transport. In yeast, the general amino acid permease Gap1 mediates signaling to the protein kinase A pathway. Its endocytic internalization and intracellular trafficking are subject to amino acid control. Other nutrient transceptors controlling this signal transduction pathway appear to be subject to similar trafficking regulation. Transporters with complex regulatory control have also been suggested to function as transceptors in other organisms. Hence, precise regulation of intracellular trafficking in nutrient transporters may be related to the need for tight control of nutrient-induced signaling.BioEssays 09/2011; 33(11):870-9. · 4.95 Impact Factor