Percutaneous coronary intervention of saphenous vein grafts is associated with distal embolization. We aimed to compare potential differences in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for in-stent restenosis with de novo saphenous vein graft lesions. Myocardial necrosis was associated with higher mortality regardless of lesion type.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During the past three decades, percutaneous coronary intervention has become one of the cardinal treatment strategies for stenotic coronary artery disease. Technical advances, including the introduction of new devices such as stents, have expanded the interventional capabilities of balloon angioplasty. At the same time, there has been a decline in the rate of major adverse cardiac events, including Q-wave acute myocardial infarction, emergency coronary artery bypass grafting, and cardiac death. Despite these advances, the incidence of post-procedural cardiac marker elevation has not substantially decreased since the first serial assessment 20 years ago. As of now, these post-procedural cardiac marker elevations are considered to represent peri-procedural myocardial injury (PMI) with worse long-term outcome potential. Recent progress has been made for the identification of two main PMI patterns, one near the intervention site (proximal type, PMI type I) and one in the distal perfusion territory of the treated coronary artery (distal type, PMI type II) as well as for preventive strategies. Integrating these new developments into the wealth of clinical information on this topic, this review aims at giving a current perspective on the entity of PMI.
European Heart Journal 01/2006; 26(23):2493-519. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehi455 · 15.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The filter-based FilterWire EX (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) embolic protection system and the GuardWire (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA) balloon occlusion and aspiration device have been previously shown to reduce periprocedural complication rates of percutaneous coronary intervention for saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease and are considered the standard of care in this setting. The late clinical course after treatment with these devices has not been reported.
In the FIRE trial, 651 patients undergoing SVG intervention were randomized to either the FilterWire EX or GuardWire. Six-month rates of the primary end point (composite major adverse cardiac events [MACE]) and its components (death, myocardial infarction [MI], or target vessel revascularization) were studied.
MACE at 30 days occurred in 9.9% of patients randomized to the FilterWire EX compared with 11.6% with the GuardWire, P = .53. By 6 months, MACE had increased to 19.3% and 21.9% in FilterWire EX and GuardWire groups, respectively, (relative risk 0.88, 95% CI 0.65-1.19; P = .44). All-cause 6-month mortality in the entire population was 3.5% (3.0% with FilterWire EX vs 4.1% with GuardWire, P = .53, with all deaths occurring after hospital discharge). MI occurred in 12.0% of patients at 6 months (12.1% vs 11.9% with the FilterWire EX and GuardWire, respectively, P = .99), and target vessel revascularization was required in 9.1% (8.2% vs 10.0%, respectively, P = .42).
SVG intervention with the FilterWire EX and GuardWire distal protection devices resulted in similar outcomes at 6 months, although the clinical course after hospital discharge was not benign, with significant rates of death, MI, and repeat intervention.
American heart journal 05/2006; 151(4):915.e1-7. DOI:10.1016/j.ahj.2005.09.018 · 4.46 Impact Factor
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