Preparation and modification of N-(2-hydroxyl) propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium chitosan chloride nanoparticle as a protein carrier.

Department of Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China.
Biomaterials (Impact Factor: 8.31). 01/2004; 24(27):5015-22. DOI: 10.1016/S0142-9612(03)00408-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT N-(2-hydroxyl) propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium chitosan chloride (HTCC) is water-soluble derivative of chitosan (CS), synthesized by the reaction between glycidyl-trimethyl-ammonium chloride and CS. HTCC nanoparticles have been formed based on ionic gelation process of HTCC and sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP). Bovine serum albumin (BSA), as a model protein drug, was incorporated into the HTCC nanoparticles. HTCC nanoparticles were 110-180 nm in size, and their encapsulation efficiency was up to 90%. In vitro release studies showed a burst effect and a slow and continuous release followed. Encapsulation efficiency was obviously increased with increase of initial BSA concentration. Increasing TPP concentration from 0.5 to 0.7 mg/ml promoted encapsulation efficiency from 46.7% to 90%, and delayed release. As for modified HTCC nanoparticles, adding polyethylene glycol (PEG) or sodium alginate obviously decreased the burst effect of BSA from 42% to 18%. Encapsulation efficiency was significantly reduced from 47.6% to 2% with increase of PEG from 1.0 to 20.0 mg/ml. Encapsulation efficiency was increased from 14.5% to 25.4% with increase of alginate from 0.3 to 1.0 mg/ml.

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