Oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer in the elderly

Service d'Hépato-Gastroentérologie, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, 46 rue Henri Huchard, AP-HP, Paris 75018, France.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.82). 11/2003; 89(8):1439-44. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6601310
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The tolerance and efficacy of oxaliplatin and irinotecan for metastatic colorectal cancer are unknown in elderly patients. Methods. All consecutive patients over 74 years treated with oxaliplatin or irinotecan for metastatic colorectal cancer were enrolled. The tumour response was assessed every 2-3 months and toxicity was collected at each cycle according to World Health Organisation criteria. A total of 66 patients were enrolled from 12 centres. The median age was 78 years (range, 75-88 years); 39 patients had no severe comorbidity according to the Charlson score. In total, 44 and 22 patients received oxaliplatin or irinotecan, respectively, in combination with 5-fluororuracil+/-folinic acid or raltitrexed in 64 patients. A total of 545 chemotherapy cycles were administered in first (41%), second (51%) or third line (8%). A dose reduction occurred in 190 cycles (35%). Complete response, partial response and stabilisation occurred in 1.5, 20 and 47% of patients, respectively. The median time to progression and overall survival were 6.8 and 11.2 months in first line and 6.3 and 11.6 months in second line, respectively. Grade 3 and 4 toxicity occurred in 42% of patients: neutropenia 17%, diarrhoea 15%, neuropathy 11%, nausea and vomiting 8% and thrombopenia 6%. There was no treatment-related death. In selected elderly patients, chemotherapy with oxaliplatin or irinotecan is feasible with manageable toxicity.

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Available from: Thierry Lecomte, Aug 24, 2015
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    • "Survival was also unaffected by age of patients. In another multicentre phase II study, it has been shown that chemotherapy with irinotecan or oxaliplatin-based treatment was feasible with manageable toxicity in the elderly (Aparicio et al, 2003). Similar data have also been found in firstline settings (Mitry et al, 2003; Rougier et al, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: Elderly patients are recommended to have a reduced starting dose (300 mg m(-2) once every 3 weeks) of irinotecan monotherapy. The aims of this analysis are to compare toxicity and survival according to age, performance status (PS), gender and prior radical pelvic radiotherapy (RT). The primary end points were overall survival and an irinotecan-specific toxicity composite end point (TCE) defined as the occurrence of grade 3 or 4 diarrhoea, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, fever, infection or nausea and vomiting. Between 1997 and 2003, 339 eligible patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) progressing on or within 24 weeks of completing fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy were prospectively registered in a multicentre randomised trial. All patients commenced irinotecan at 350 mg m(-2) once every 3 weeks. There were no differences in proportions of patients developing TCE by age (<70 vs > or =70 : 37.8 vs 45.8%; P=0.218), PS (0-1 vs 2 : 39.3 vs 41.5%; P=0.793) or prior RT (RT vs no RT : 45.1 vs 38.5%; P=0.377). Males experienced more toxicity than females (44.3 vs 32.6%; P=0.031), but this was not significant after controlling for other co-variates (P=0.06). Patients aged > or =70 had similar objective responses (11.1 vs 9%; P=0.585) and survival (median 9.4 vs 9 months; log rank P=0.74) compared to younger patients. Elderly patients derive the same benefit without experiencing more toxicity with second-line irinotecan treatment for advanced CRC. Our data do not support the recommendation to reduce the starting dose for the elderly patients.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2004; 91(8):1453-8. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602169 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    • "Overall, an ORR of 21.5%, median PFS 6.8 months and median OS 11.2 months were reported in the first-line setting. There was significant toxicity: 42% of patients experienced grade 3/4 toxicity; neutropenia 17%, diarrhoea 15%, neuropathy 11%, nausea 8% and thrombocytopenia 6% (Aparicio et al, 2003). In our study, 30 (32.6%) patients were X74 years and there were relatively few grade 3/4 toxicities observed and minimal myelosuppression. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of capecitabine and mitomycin C (MMC) in previously untreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients received capecitabine 2500 mg m(2) day 1, orally divided in two doses of 1250 mg m(-2) in the morning and evening for 14 days every 21 days and MMC 7 mg m(-2) (maximum total dose 14 mg) as an intravenous bolus every 6 weeks for a total of four courses. The median age was 70 years (range 24-85) and the majority of patients (86.9%) were of performance status 1/2. The most common metastatic site was liver. In all, 84 patients were assessable for response. The overall response rate was 38% (95% CI: 27.7-49.3) and a further 33.3% of patients achieved stable disease over 12 weeks. There was good symptom resolution ranging from 64 to 86%. Grade 3/4 toxicity was as follows: hand-foot syndrome 19.7%; diarrhoea 10%; neutropenia 2.4%; infection 2.3%. Capecitabine and MMC have shown encouraging activity with a favourable toxicity profile, a convenient administration schedule, and could be considered for patients deemed unsuitable for oxaliplatin and irinotecan combinations.
    British Journal of Cancer 09/2004; 91(5):839-43. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602039 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer is the most common gastrointestinal tumor in Western countries and is increasing in elderly patients. In recent years, new treatments based on the use of 5-fluorouracil associated with oxaliplatin or CPT-11 have shown promising activity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the tolerability and activity of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin or CPT-11 in elderly patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Patients aged 70 years or older with advanced colorectal cancer were treated with 5-fluorouracil (400 mg/m2 in bolus and 600 mg/m2 in a 22-hr continuous infusion on days 1-2) plus folinic acid (100 mg/m2) associated to oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2 on day 1, FOLFOX regimen) or CPT-11 (180 mg/m2 on day 1, FOLFIRI regimen), every 14 days. Twenty-nine patients with a median age of 76 years (range, 70-82) were treated with FOLFOX or FOLFIRI as first-line chemotherapy for metastatic disease. We observed a partial response in 8/29 (27.6%), stable disease in 11/29 (37.9%) and progressive disease in 10/29 (34.5%). Median survival was 21 months; 1-year survival probability was 89.8%. Grade III leukopenia was observed in 2/29 (7%) patients and grade III diarrhea in 1/29 patients. No other grade III-IV toxicity was observed. FOLFOX and FOLFIRI appear to be active and well tolerated regimens for elderly patients with advanced colorectal cancer.
    Tumori 91(6):463-6. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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