Oxygen plays a key role in tumor therapy and may be related to tumor development: e.g., angiogenesis and metastasis. Using noninvasive techniques to accurately measure tumor oxygenation could assist in developing novel therapies. Here, we have used the FREDOM (Fluorocarbon Relaxometry using Echo planar imaging for Dynamic Oxygen Mapping) approach based on hexafluorobenzene (HFB) to monitor tissue oxygen tension (pO2) of rat breast and prostate tumors and compared the results with changes in tumor vascular hemoglobin saturation (sO2) and concentration observed using a new dual wavelength homodyne near-infrared (NIR) system. The dynamic changes in pO2 and sO2 were assessed while rats were breathing various gases. NIR showed significant changes in vascular oxygenation accompanying respiratory interventions. 19F MR-EPI also showed significant changes in tissue pO2 and revealed considerable regional heterogeneity in both absolute values and rate of change accompanying interventions. Generally, changes in vascular sO2 preceded tissue pO2, particularly for smaller tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A hand-held scanning probe based on broadband Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy (DOS) was used in combination with dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) to quantitatively characterize locally-advanced breast cancers in six patients. Measurements were performed sequentially using external fiducial markers for co-registration. Tumor patterns were categorized according to MRI morphological data, and 3D DCE-MRI slices were converted into a volumetric matrix with isotropic voxels to generate views that coincided with the DOS scanning plane. Tumor volume and depth at each DOS measurement site were determined, and a tissue optical index (TOI) that reflects both angiogenic and stromal characteristics was derived from broadband DOS data. In all six cases, optical scans showed significant TOI contrast corresponding to MRI morphological information. Sharp TOI peaks were recovered for well-circumscribed masses. A reduction in TOI was found inside a tumor with a necrotic center. A broadened peak was observed for a diffuse tumor pattern, and an inflammatory septal case provided two TOI peaks that correlated qualitatively with MRI enhancement. These results provide qualitative confirmation of the common signal origin and complementary information content that can be achieved by combining optical and MR imaging for breast cancer detection and clinical management.
Technology in cancer research & treatment 11/2005; 4(5):549-58. DOI:10.1177/153303460500400508 · 1.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development of an injectable probe formulation, consisting of perchlorotriphenylmethyl triester radical dissolved in hexafluorobenzene, for in vivo oximetry and imaging of oxygen concentration in tissues using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging is reported. The probe was evaluated for its oxygen sensitivity, biostability, and distribution in a radiation-induced fibrosarcoma tumor transplanted into C3H mice. Some of the favorable features of the probe are: a single narrow EPR peak (anoxic linewidth, 41 microT), high solubility in hexafluorobenzene (>12 mM), large linewidth sensitivity to molecular oxygen ( approximately 1.8 microT/mmHg), good stability in tumor tissue (half-life: 3.3 h), absence of spin-spin broadening (up to 12 mM), and lack of power saturation effects (up to 200 mW). Three-dimensional spatial and spectral-spatial (spectroscopic) EPR imaging measurements were used to visualize the distribution of the probe, as well as to obtain spatially resolved pO(2) information in the mice tumor subjected to normoxic and hyperoxic treatments. The new probe should enable unique opportunities for measurement of the oxygen concentration in tumors using EPR methods.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The investigation of microbial infections relies to a large part on animal models of infection, if host pathogen interactions or the host response are considered. Especially for the assessment of novel therapeutic agents, animal models are required. Non-invasive imaging methods to study such models have gained increasing importance over the recent years. In particular, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affords a variety of diagnostic options, and can be used for longitudinal studies. In this review, we introduce the most important MRI modalities that show how MRI has been used for the investigation of animal models of infection previously and how it may be applied in the future.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 11/2013; 93. DOI:10.1016/j.jpba.2013.10.034 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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