The role of relaxation time corrections for the evaluation of long and short echo time 1H MR spectra of the hippocampus by NUMARIS and LCModel techniques.
ABSTRACT 1H MR spectroscopy is routinely used for lateralization of epileptogenic lesions. The present study deals with the role of relaxation time corrections for the quantitative evaluation of long (TE=135 ms) and short echo time (TE=10 ms) 1H MR spectra of the hippocampus using two methods (operator-guided NUMARIS and LCModel programs). Spectra of left and right hippocampi of 14 volunteers and 14 patients with epilepsy were obtained by PRESS (TR/TE=5000/135 ms) and STEAM (TR/TE=5000/10 ms) sequences with a 1.5-T imager. Evaluation was carried out using Siemens NUMARIS software and the results were compared with data from LCModel processing software. No significant differences between the two methods of processing spectra with TE=135 ms were found. The range of relaxation corrections was determined. Metabolite concentrations in hippocampi calculated from spectra with TE=135 ms and 10 ms after application of correction coefficients did not differ in the range of errors and agreed with published data (135 ms/10 ms: NAA=10.2+/-0.6/10.4+/-1.3 mM, Cho=2.4+/-0.1/2.7+/-0.3 mM, Cr=12.2+/-1.3/11.3+/-1.3 mM). When relaxation time corrections were applied, quantitative results from short and long echo time evaluation with LCModel were in agreement. Signal intensity ratios obtained from long echo time spectra by NUMARIS operator-guided processing also agreed with the LCModel results.
- SourceAvailable from: Vladimir Komarek[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to analyze the lateralizing value of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) in histopathologically different subgroups of mesial temporal lobe epilepsies (MTLE) and to correlate results with clinical, MRI and seizure outcome data. A group of 35 patients who underwent resective epilepsy surgery was retrospectively studied. Hippocampal (1)H MR spectra were evaluated. Metabolite concentrations were obtained using LCModel and NAA/Cr, NAA/Cho, NAA/(Cr+Cho), Cho/Cr ratios and coefficients of asymmetry were calculated. MRI correctly lateralized 89% of subjects and (1)H MRS 83%. MRI together with (1)H MRS correctly lateralized 100% of patients. Nineteen subjects had "classical" hippocampal sclerosis (HS), whereas the remaining 16 patients had "mild" HS. Nineteen patients had histopathologically proven malformation of cortical development (MCD) in the temporal pole; 16 subjects had only HS. No difference in (1)H MRS findings was found between patients in different histopathological subgroups of MTLE. Our results support the hypothesis that (1)H MRS abnormalities do not directly reflect histopathological changes in MTLE patients. Subjects with non-lateralized (1)H MRS abnormalities did not have a worse postoperative seizure outcome. We found no significant impact of contralateral (1)H MRS abnormality on post-surgical seizure outcome.European Radiology 09/2008; 19(2):400-8. · 4.34 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Finding biomarkers of human neurological diseases is one of the most pressing goals of modern medicine. Most neurological disorders are recognized too late because of the lack of biomarkers that can identify early pathological processes in the living brain. Late diagnosis leads to late therapy and poor prognosis. Therefore, during the past decade, a major endeavor of clinical investigations in neurology has been the search for diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of brain disease. Recently, a new field of metabolomics has emerged, aiming to investigate metabolites within the cell/tissue/ organism as possible biomarkers. Similarly to other "omics" fields, metabolomics offers substantial information about the status of the organism at a given time point. However, metabolomics also provides functional insight into the biochemical status of a tissue, which results from the environmental effects on its genome background. Recently, we have adopted metabolomics techniques to develop an approach that combines both in vitro analysis of cellular samples and in vivo analysis of the mammalian brain. Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we have discovered a metabolic biomarker of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) that allows the analysis of these cells in the live human brain. We have developed signal-processing algorithms that can detect metabolites present at very low concentration in the live human brain and can indicate possible pathways impaired in specific diseases. Herein, we present our strategy for both cellular and systems metabolomics, based on an integrative processing of the spectroscopy data that uses analytical tools from both metabolomic and spectroscopy fields. As an example of biomarker discovery using our approach, we present new data and discuss our previous findings on the NPC biomarker. Our studies link systems and cellular neuroscience through the functions of specific metabolites. Therefore, they provide a functional insight into the brain, which might eventually lead to discoveries of clinically useful biomarkers of the disease.Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 12/2008; 73:389-401.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, short echo time (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was applied for quantification of neurometabolites using the LC Model algorithm in Taiwanese adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Proton magnetic resonance spectra were acquired bilaterally on the prefrontal area (part of the anterior cingulate gyrus and part of the medial frontal gyrus) in 15 adolescents with ADHD (average age of 13.88years) and 22 controls (average age of 14.85years). Absolute metabolite levels and ratios relative to creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr+PCr) were obtained to be compared between groups. Results showed that adolescents with ADHD had significantly lower mean right prefrontal levels of Cr+PCr as compared with the controls. No significant differences between groups were noted in the remainder of the prefrontal metabolites. As for the group comparison of relative ratios, the N-acetylaspartate/Cr+PCr ratio was significantly higher in the right prefrontal regions of ADHD adolescents. This finding provides evidence of a right prefrontal neurochemical alteration in ADHD adolescents, which is consistent with current ADHD theory of prefrontal neuropathology with developmental mechanism. In addition, it highlights the importance of the method in interpretation of MRS findings in the context of ADHD.Psychiatry Research 02/2010; 181(3):199-203. · 2.68 Impact Factor