Myocardial global performance index as a predictor of in-hospital cardiac events in patients with first myocardial infarction.
ABSTRACT We sought to assess the ability of a Doppler index of global myocardial performance (MPI), measured at entry, to predict inhospital cardiac events in a series of patients with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
A complete 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examination was performed within 24 hours of arrival at the coronary care department in 96 patients (81 men and 15 women; mean age 58 +/- 9 years) with first AMI. Patients were divided a posteriori into 2 groups according to their inhospital course: group 1 comprised 75 patients with an uneventful course and group 2 comprised 21 patients with a complicated inhospital course (death, heart failure, arrhythmias, or post-AMI angina).
There were no significant differences between the 2 groups with regard to history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, site and size of infarction, and conventional parameters of diastolic function. However, patients with complications were significantly older (63 +/- 10 vs 55 +/- 8 years, P =.005) and had higher wall-motion score index and left ventricular end-systolic volume compared with patients without events (1.84 +/- 0.27 vs 1.52 +/- 0.30, P =.001; and 66 +/- 29 vs 47 +/- 21 mL, P =.009, respectively), whereas the ejection fraction was reduced (40 +/- 10% vs 52 +/- 10%, P =.0001). The mean value of the MPI was significantly higher in patients with cardiac events than in those without events (0.65 +/- 0.20 vs 0.43 +/- 0.16, P =.0001). A MPI >/= 0.47 showed a sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 68% for identifying patients with events, on the basis of the receiver operator curve. In a multivariable model, the MPI at admission remained independently predictive of inhospital cardiac events (odds ratio 15.6, 95% confidence interval 2.4-99, P =.003).
These data suggest that in the acute phase of AMI, the MPI measured at entry may be useful to predict which patients are at high risk for inhospital cardiac events.
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ABSTRACT: Tei index obtained from tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE-Tei index) has an inherent advantage of recording its systolic and diastolic components simultaneously on the same cardiac cycle. The aims of this study are to evaluate whether TDE-Tei index also exerts a correlation with left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function and filling pressure and to see whether it can effectively identify the pseudonormal/restrictive mitral filling pattern. Echocardiographic examination was performed in 243 consecutive patients. These patients were classified into three groups as normal, abnormal relaxation, and pseudonormal/restrictive groups according to the transmitral E/A-wave velocity (E/A), early diastolic velocity of lateral mitral annulus (Ea) and E/Ea. Standard Doppler indices of LV filling such as E, A, E/A, and E-wave deceleration time had a bimodal distribution, but Ea decreased and E/Ea and TDE-Tei index increased progressively with worsening of LV diastolic function. The sensitivity and specificity of TDE-Tei index>0.51 in the discrimination of pseudonormal/restrictive filling pattern were 85% and 96%, respectively. After stepwise multiple linear regression analysis, TDE-Tei index had a significant negative correlation with Ea (beta=-0.296, P<0.001) and ejection fraction (beta=-0.293, P<0.001) and positive correlation with E/Ea (beta=0.235, P=0.001). TDE-Tei index increased with worsening of LV diastolic function and can effectively identify the pseudonormal/restrictive mitral inflow pattern. It also correlated with the echocardiographic parameters of LV systolic and diastolic function and filling pressure. It suggests that TDE-Tei index is a simple and feasible marker in assessing global LV function.Echocardiography 05/2006; 23(4):287-94. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Right brachial pre-ejection period (rbPEP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and right brachial ejection time (rbET) can be automatically determined from an ABI-form device. The aims of this study are to test the applicability of baPWV-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) (defined as the ratio of rbPEP divided by its own s.d. + baPWV divided by its own s.d. to rbET divided by its own s.d.) as an indicator of combined left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions. A sum of 215 patients were consecutively included. The rbPEP, baPWV, and rbET were measured using an ABI-form device and LV function was determined by echocardiography. After a multivariate analysis, diastolic blood pressure (beta = 0.220, P < 0.001), LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (beta = -0.291, P < 0.001), transmitral E wave velocity (E) (beta = -0.106, P = 0.032), early diastolic mitral annular velocity (Ea) (beta = -0.142, P = 0.009), and ET obtained by tissue Doppler echocardiography (beta = -0.397, P < 0.001) were the major determinants of baPWV-derived MPI. The area under the curve for rbPEP, baPWV, rbET, rbPEP/rbET, and baPWV-derived MPI in prediction of Ea <8 cm/s, E/Ea >10, or LVEF <50% were 0.69, 0.76, 0.67, 0.73, and 0.83, respectively. BaPWV-derived MPI had a significant correlation with echocardiographic LV diastolic and systolic function. It may be a novel and feasible indicator in assessment of global LV function.American Journal of Hypertension 05/2009; 22(8):871-6. · 3.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It is still unknown whether a correlation exists between left ventricular Tei index obtained by tissue Doppler imaging and that determined by flow Doppler waveforms. This study was conducted to evaluate their relationship and to assess the positional effect on them. Twenty-six healthy subjects and 25 patients with essential hypertension were included. On the tissue Doppler images, the time interval from the end to the onset of the mitral annular velocity pattern during diastole and the duration of the S-wave were used to calculate tissue Doppler Tei index. The tissue Doppler Tei index correlated with the flow Doppler Tei index at sitting position (r = 0.406, P = 0.003), but not at left lateral decubitus position. The limits of agreement for the Tei index measured by both methods were -0.26 to 0.62 at left lateral decubitus position and -0.09 to 0.55 at sitting position. Preload reduction associated with sitting position with dangling feet raised the Tei index both in the healthy controls [0.54 (0.14) vs 0.42 (0.12), P < 0.001] and in the hypertensives [0.53 (0.15) vs 0.46 (0.12), P = 0.005]. There was a similar positional effect on the tissue Doppler Tei index in the control subjects [0.75 (0.12) vs 0.53 (0.10), P < 0.001]. Tissue Doppler Tei index does not seem to be a suitable substitute for flow Doppler Tei index. Flow Doppler Tei index is preload dependent and the loading status should be taken into consideration at the application of Tei index to the evaluation of myocardial performance.Echocardiography 10/2005; 22(9):730-5. · 1.26 Impact Factor