[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wilms tumor is the most common malignant renal tumor in children. However, to date no Wilms tumor mouse model is available due to the lack of Wilms tumor cell lines. Herein for the first time we report an orthotopic xenograft mouse model utilizing the recently described Wilms tumor cell line WiT49. It has a high tumor occurrence rate (85%) without metastasis. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed it is subcapsular in location and mainly biphasic with stromal and epithelial components while blastemal component is unappreciable. This model provides the prerequisite for the screening and development of new anti-tumor agents for Wilms tumor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is an important regulator of cellular functions via interaction with its receptors S1P(1-5). To date, nothing is known about the S1P receptor expression and the effects of S1P signaling in Wilms tumor. In this study, we found ubiquitous expression of S1P receptors in Wilms tumor specimens and cell lines. We demonstrated that S1P(1) acted as a promigratory modulator by employing S1P(1) antagonist VPC44116, S1P(1) siRNA and adenoviral transduction in Wilms tumor cells. Further, we clarified that S1P(1)-mediated migration occurred via Gi coupling and activation of PI3K and Rac1. In addition, S1P stimulated WiT49 cell invasion through S1P(1)/Gi signaling pathway. We consider that targeting S1P(1) may be a point of therapeutic intervention in Wilms tumor.
Cancer letters 02/2009; 276(2):171-9. DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2008.11.025 · 5.62 Impact Factor
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