The crystallization of sodium hypochlorite on gutta-percha cones after the rapid-sterilization technique: an SEM study.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to identify the presence, crystallization, and subsequent removal of sodium hypochlorite crystals on gutta-percha cones after rapid sterilization. Seventy-two, fresh, standardized, gutta-percha cones were randomly selected. Each cone was observed under the scanning electron microscope and the elemental analysis machine before and after rapid sterilization using 5.25% and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. Gutta-percha cones were rinsed after sterilization with 96% ethyl alcohol, 70% isopropyl alcohol, and distilled water independently to determine which of these agents removed the sodium-chloride crystals. There were no crystals present on the gutta-percha cones directly from the box. All gutta-percha cones had sodium-chloride crystals present after the rapid-sterilization technique using 5.25% and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. However, the sodium-chloride crystals were removed by 96% ethyl alcohol, 70% isopropyl alcohol, and distilled water.