Histologic assessment of non-small cell lung carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy.
ABSTRACT Chemotherapy or chemoradiation is often used in Stage IIIA non-small cell lung carcinoma before surgical resection (neoadjuvant therapy). In reviewing the histopathology of such tumors after resection, the recognition that the pathologic changes are related to prior therapy and the assessment of tumor regression are both of importance. To refine histologic parameters for tumor regression and describe patterns of tumor reaction to therapy, we identified 30 lobectomy or pneumonectomy specimens from 1996-2000 in which neoadjuvant therapy was received before surgical resection. Histologic patterns of treatment-induced tumor regression were analyzed semiquantitatively and included necrosis, fibrosis, mixed inflammatory infiltrate, foamy macrophages, and giant cells. To identify clinical and histologic parameters that correlate with treatment response, the 30 specimens were graded for tumor regression. No correlation was found between tumor regression and age, gender, or type of therapy (chemoradiation versus chemotherapy alone). Squamous cell carcinoma showed a significantly higher rate of response than adenocarcinoma (P =.04), with a significant number of adenocarcinomas in the nonresponder subgroup (P =.05). Tumor size reduction by radiologic assessment, when compared with histologic regression, did not reveal a statistically significant association. However, a positive correlation was found between extent of fibrosis and radiologic estimate of size reduction.
Article: Histologic features of low- and intermediate-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (typical and atypical carcinoid tumors) of the lung.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Determining the differential diagnosis between typical (TCs) and atypical carcinoid tumors (ACs) is imperative, as the distinction between TCs and ACs is currently based on histologic criteria that are not always correlated with the unfavorable clinical outcomes. We conducted a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed with carcinoid tumors between 1990 and 2005 at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. We reviewed the slides for the following pathologic features: infiltrative growth; pleural, blood, or lymphatic vessel invasion; tumor stroma; presence of active fibroblastic proliferation; chromatin pattern; presence of nucleolus; and nuclear pleomorphism. We also evaluated the necrotic patterns. Finally, we evaluated three methods for calculating the number of mitoses: randomly selected, the most mitotically active in 10 high-power fields (HPFs), or overall mean mitotic count. Our cohort consisted of 80 patients (68 with TCs and 12 with ACs). Older age (P=0.002), pathologic stage III or IV disease (P=0.04), active fibroblastic proliferation (P=0.041), and comedo-like necrosis (P=0.001) were significantly associated with tumor recurrence or patient's death. Among the three mitotic counting methods, the overall mean number of mitoses was significantly correlated with recurrence-free survival (P<0.0001). Our criteria for distinguishing AC from TC included the presence of comedo-like necrosis and/or an overall mean number of mitoses ≥0.2/HPF. Using an overall mean number in counting mitoses and detecting comedo-like necrosis is important for classifying lung carcinoid tumors.Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 05/2010; 71(1):34-41. · 3.14 Impact Factor
Article: Initial partial response and stable disease according to RECIST indicate similar survival for chemotherapeutical patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Stable disease (SD) has ambiguous clinical significance for patients according to the dominant Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST). The primary aims of the study were: (1) to clarify the clinical significance of SD by comparing the progression-free survival (PFS) of response and SD patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after the first two courses of the standard first-line platinum-based chemotherapy; (2) to explore the relationship between the percentage change in tumour size and PFS among initial SD patients, in order to provide some guidance for clinicians in deciding continuation/termination of the current treatment at a relative early time. A total of 179 advanced NSCLC patients whose baseline CT image was available for review were included in the study. Another CT image was taken in the initial assessment after chemotherapy. A comparison of PFS between initial partial response (PR) and SD was used to determine whether significant differences exist. The relationship between the early percentage of change in tumour size of initial SD patients and their PFS was investigated. In addition, overall survival (OS), the secondary endpoint in this study, was investigated as well. Patients with initial PR are not significantly distinguished from those with initial SD when their PFS is concerned (median PFS 249 days [95% confidence interval, 187-310 days] versus 220 days [95% confidence interval, 191-248 days], p > 0.05). Their median OS was 364 days (95% confidence interval, 275-452 days) for the initial PR patients versus 350 days (95% confidence interval, 293-406 days) for the initial SD patients, which suggests no significant difference as well p > 0.05). In addition, all the initial SD patients enjoyed similar PFS and OS. Initial PR and SD enjoy similar PFS and OS for patients with advanced NSCLC. Within the initial SD subgroup, different percentages of tumour shrinkage or increase undergo similar PFS and OS. RECIST remains a reliable norm in assessing the effectiveness of chemotherapy for patients with advanced NSCLC before functional assessment has been integrated into the criteria.BMC Cancer 01/2010; 10:681. · 3.01 Impact Factor