Article

Quality Improvement for Pressure Ulcer Care in the Nursing Home Setting: The Northeast Pressure Ulcer Project

Department of Community Health, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (Impact Factor: 4.78). 11/2003; 4(6):291-301. DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000094064.06058.74
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of a collaborative model of quality improvement in nursing homes on processes of care for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.
The study design was experimental.
We studied 29 nursing homes in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.
Participants consisted of pressure ulcer quality improvement teams in 29 nursing homes.
Quality improvement teams attended a series of workshops to review clinical guidelines and quality improvement principles and to share best practices, and worked one-on-one with mentors to implement quality improvement techniques and to collect data independently.
We calculated process measures based on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines. Process measures addressed each facility's processes of care for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers at baseline and after 12 months of intervention. Prevention measures focused on recent admissions and high-risk residents; treatment measures focused on patients newly diagnosed with pressure ulcers and all patients with pressure ulcers.
Overall, 6 of 8 prevention process measures improved significantly, with percent difference between baseline and follow up ranging from 11.6% to 24.5%. Three of 4 treatment process measures improved significantly, with 5.0%, 8.9%, and 25.9% difference between baseline and follow up. For each process measure, between 5 and 12 facilities demonstrated significant improvement between baseline and follow up, and only 2 or fewer declined for each process measure.
Improvement in processes of care after the use of a structured collaborative quality improvement approach is possible in the nursing home setting.

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    • "Frequently, the healthcare workers did not receive a formal introduction to the protocol. Process oriented studies about quality of care for nursing home residents revealed that measures for pressure ulcer prevention were rarely concordant with evidence-based guidelines and that there were numerous opportunities to improve care related to pressure ulcer prevention (Baier et al. 2003, Bates-Jensen et al. 2003, Saliba et al. 2003, Wipke-Tevis et al. 2004). In home health care, similar suboptimal pressure ulcer prevention practices were reported. "
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the pressure ulcer prevalence in home nursing patients and to evaluate guideline adherence of measures for the prevention of pressure ulcers and the participation of informal carers in pressure ulcer prevention. Since 2002, the Belgian Guideline for the Prevention of Pressure Ulcers was published on the Internet, but no information was available on guideline adherence in home care. A cross-sectional survey of pressure ulcer prevalence and guideline adherence was performed in a cluster randomized sample of 2779 clients of nine regional nursing departments in Flanders, Belgium. The Belgian Guideline for the Prevention of Pressure Ulcers was the reference standard for the evaluation of the guideline adherence. There were 744 subjects at risk for developing pressure ulcers. The overall prevalence of pressure ulcers for the total sample population was 6.8%. The age-, sex- and risk-standardized prevalence per regional department varied between 4.9% and 9.1%. Of the 744 subjects at risk, 33 (4.4%) received preventive measures, which were in adherence to the Belgian Guideline for Prevention of Pressure Ulcers, 482 persons (64.8%) were administered measures, which did not adhere to the Belgian Guideline for Prevention of Pressure Ulcers and in 229 subjects (30.8%) at risk for developing pressure ulcers, prevention was lacking. For subjects with at least one pressure ulcer, the proportions were: 4.8% adherence, 76.6% no adherence and 18.6% no prevention. A proportion of 22.2% of the patients at risk and their informal carers were informed and motivated by the home care nurse to participate in the pressure ulcer prevention and their actual participation in the prevention was 21.4% of all risk cases. The adherence of nurses and clients to the guideline for pressure ulcer prevention was low. RELEVANCE TO THE CLINICAL PRACTICE: The study demonstrates a detailed evaluation of guideline adherence to pressure ulcer prevention in an individual patient situation, with special attention for materials and measures, which are not adequate and not recommended by the Belgian Guideline for the Prevention of Pressure Ulcers.
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    • "They found no significant improvement, which resulted in their efforts to strengthen the intervention and to identify predictors of successful implementation (Rantz et al. 2001). While several studies have documented improvement following the introduction of specific QI interventions, these studies have generally used highly selective facilities (Baier et al. 2003, 2004). Given the difficulty of implementing and sustaining improvement, some have concluded that the success of the quality improvement movement in nursing homes is predicated on leadership that is ill prepared to implement these innovations (Schnelle, Ouslander, and Cruise 1997). "
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Rosa R Baier