Effect of the new thiazolidinedione-pioglitazone on the development of oxidative stress in liver and kidney of diabetic rabbits.
ABSTRACT Impaired homeostasis under diabetic conditions is connected with the increased production of free radicals and deficiency of antioxidative systems. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of new oral antidiabetic drug-pioglitazone on activity of antioxidant factors and lipid peroxidation in vivo. The liver and kidney of alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits were examined after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. After 4 weeks of diabetes the superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) activity in the liver was diminished while the catalase (CAT) activity and the level of ascorbic acid (AA) were elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 4 weeks decreased the catalase activity in relation to the control diabetic animals. After 8 weeks of diabetes the CAT activity in the liver was elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 8 weeks decreased the CAT activity and the level of lipid peroxidation products (LPO), and increased the Cu,Zn-SOD activity in relation to control diabetic animals. After 4 weeks of diabetes in the kidney the Cu,Zn-SOD activity and the level of ascorbic acid (AA) were diminished while the CAT activity and the LPO level were elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 4 weeks increased the AA and decreased the LPO levels in relation to non-treated diabetic animals. After 8 weeks of disease the Cu,Zn-SOD activity in the kidney was diminished in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone during 8 weeks decreased the LPO level in relation to non-treated diabetic animals. This study shows that diabetic animals undergo an important oxidative stress, which is partially corrected by pioglitazone treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Azza A K El-Sheikh[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hepatoprotective potential of peroxisome proliferator activator receptor (PPAR)- α and - γ agonists, fenofibrate (FEN), and pioglitazone (PIO), respectively, against cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced toxicity has been investigated in rat. FEN and PIO (150 and 10 mg/kg/day, resp.) were given orally for 4 weeks. In separate groups, CP (150 mg/kg, i.p.) was injected as a single dose 5 days before the end of experiment, with or without either PPAR agonist. CP induced hepatotoxicity, as it caused histopathological alterations, with increased serum alanine and aspartate transaminases, total bilirubin, albumin, alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase. CP caused hepatic oxidative stress, indicated by decrease in tissue reduced glutathione, with increase in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels. CP also caused decrease in hepatic antioxidant enzyme levels, including catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione S-transferase. Furthermore, CP increased serum and hepatic levels of the inflammatory marker tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- α , evaluated using ELISA. Preadministration of PIO, but not FEN, prior to CP challenge improved hepatic function and histology, and significantly reversed oxidative and inflammatory parameters. In conclusion, activation of PPAR- γ , but not PPAR- α , conferred protection against CP-induced hepatotoxicity, via activation of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms, and may serve as supplement during CP chemotherapy.PPAR Research 01/2014; 2014:626319. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes organ dysfunction and increases the sensitivity of organs to damages.To test this hypothesis, we used renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) experiment to evaluate the renoprotective activity of telmisartan versus pioglitazone on I/R induced renal damage in diabetic rats. Renal I/R was performed in both normal and diabetic rats. The protocol comprised ischemia for 45 minutes followed by the reperfusion for 24 hours and a treatment period of two weeks before induction of ischemia. Renal I/R in both control and diabetic rats induced marked renal dysfunction associated with a significant increase in the arterial pressure, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) levels, and the malondialdehyde formation (MDA). The activities of the anti-oxidant enzymes such as reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were found to be decreased significantly compared to control rats. Diabetic animals that underwent renal I/R exhibited a significant increase in all the studied parameters with a reduction in the anti-oxidant enzymes as compared to non-diabetic rats. Histo-pathological studies confirm these results. Treatment with pioglitazone or telmisartan demonstrated a significant improvement in the reperfusion-induced renal injury in comparison with diabetic I/R group, without difference between the two treated groups. Therefore, the treatment with pioglitazone or telmisartan have the same corrective effect. Type 2 diabetes had exaggerated renal I/R injury in STZ-NAD induced diabetes. Telmisartan treatment is equieffective as pioglitazone in attenuating acute I/R-induced renal injury in diabetic rats by a modification in the oxidative stress and the inflammation.European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 05/2012; 16(5):600-9. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Diabetic nephropathy is a serious diabetic complication that leads to end stage renal disease. Cell therapies with human embryonic and specific adult stem cells have emerged as an alternative management for various diseases. Methods: To test this hypothesis, the present study was conducted to compare effect of MNCs treatment (iv injection once in the tail vein for diabetic rats in a dose of 150 x 10(6) MNCs cells/rat) versus pioglitazone (10 mg/kg, for eight weeks) on improving the renal structure and function changes and reducing laminin deposition associated with STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy in rats. Results: Treatment with pioglitazone orMNCs, demonstrated a significant improvement in the STZ-induced renal functional and structural changes in comparison with diabetic control group. Additionally, our histopathological and immunohistochemical studies confirm these results. Meanwhile, MNCs treated group exhibited more improvement in all studied parameters as compared to pioglitazone treated group. Conclusion: These data indicate that MNCs treatment was superior to pioglitazone in controlling hyperglycemia, improving the renal structure and function changes and reducing renal laminin expression associated with STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy in rats.Pharmacological reports: PR 09/2012; 64(5):1223-33. · 1.97 Impact Factor