Remnant lipoprotein-induced smooth muscle cell proliferation involves epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation.
ABSTRACT Remnant lipoproteins (RLPs) have been shown to play a causative role during atherosclerosis. Furthermore, it is known that vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation is crucial for the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. We examined the direct effect of RLPs on the proliferation and signal transduction of SMCs.
Incubation in the presence of RLPs (20 mg cholesterol per dL) for 48 hours induced rat aortic SMC proliferation (2.3-fold over medium alone). RLPs also induced the phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor in SMCs, which was followed by the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases. Moreover, the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) as well as the shedding of membrane-bound soluble heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) was observed after RLP treatment of SMCs, whereas PKC inhibitors and metalloprotease inhibitors inhibited RLP-induced EGF receptor transactivation and HB-EGF shedding in SMCs. Furthermore, anti-HB-EGF neutralizing antibody inhibited RLP-induced EGF receptor transactivation. Phosphorylation of EGF receptor and HB-EGF shedding were also observed in the aortas of apolipoprotein E-knockout mice but not in those of C57BL6 mice.
These results suggest that RLPs transactivate EGF receptor via PKC and HB-EGF shedding from SMCs, resulting in SMC proliferation.
Chapter: Remnant Lipoproteins are a Stronger Risk Factor for Cardiovascular Events than LDL-C - From the Studies of Autopsies in Sudden Cardiac Death Cases03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0321-9
Article: Influence of postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins on lipid-mediated gene expression in smooth muscle cells of the human coronary artery.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) have a direct effect on vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) and they increase the risk of atherogenesis. Here, we have tested the hypothesis that the different fatty acid composition of TRL is capable of differentially modifying gene expression in human coronary artery SMC (CASMC). In addition, the effect of TRL on cell proliferation and transcription factor activation was also evaluated. TRL were prepared from plasma of healthy volunteers after the ingestion of meals enriched in refined olive oil (ROO), butter or a mixture of vegetable and fish oils (VEFO). We use cDNA microarrays to determine the genes differentially expressed in TRL-treated CASMC. Correspondence cluster analysis demonstrated that TRL-butter, -ROO and -VEFO provoked different transcriptional profiles in CASMC. Sixty-six genes were regulated by TRL-butter, 55 by -ROO, and 47 by -VEFO. The data revealed that TRL-butter predominantly activated genes involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and inflammation. Likewise, TRL-VEFO induced the expression of genes implicated in inflammation, while TRL-ROO promoted a less atherogenic gene profile. The pathophysiological contribution of TRL to the development of atherosclerosis and the stability of atherosclerotic plaques may depend on the fatty acid composition of TRL. Our findings suggest a role for macrophage-inhibiting cytokine-1 (MIC-1) in coronary artery cardiovascular events.Cardiovascular Research 08/2008; 79(2):294-303. · 6.06 Impact Factor