Significance of CD 105 expression for tumour angiogenesis and prognosis in endometrial carcinomas.
ABSTRACT Angiogenesis is a key process in tumour growth and metastasis, and Factor-VIII microvascular density has been found to influence prognosis among endometrial carcinoma patients. The CD105/endoglin antibody has been reported to preferentially bind to activated endothelial cells in tissues participating in angiogenesis, and we therefore wanted to compare the prognostic significance of CD105/endoglin to that of Factor-VIII. In a population-based endometrial carcinoma study with long (median 11.5 years) and complete patient follow-up, mean intratumour microvascular density (MVD) assessed using CD105/endoglin was investigated and compared with previous data for MVD assessed using Factor-VIII. MVD by CD105/endoglin was significantly correlated with MVD by Factor-VIII (p=0.001). However, tumours within the two groups defined by the upper and lower quartiles for CD105/endoglin-MVD were both significantly more often metastatic (FIGO-stage III/IV; p=0.03), with high tumour cell proliferation by Ki67 (p=0.007) and with reduced survival (p=0.036) as compared with the intermediate groups. In Cox regression analysis, CD105/endoglin-MVD showed independent prognostic influence when analysed together with patient age, FIGO stage, histologic subtype, histologic grade and Factor-VIII-MVD, while the latter lost its prognostic impact when CD105/endoglin was included. In the subgroup with high MVD, there was a tendency towards improved response to radiation therapy. In conclusion, CD105/endoglin-MVD is significantly associated with FIGO stage, tumour proliferation and prognosis in endometrial carcinoma, indicating that this is a better angiogenic marker in these tumours.
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ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. There are conflicting reports as to whether microvessel density (IMD) in breast cancers is associated with prognosis. This could be due to the use of different antibodies to endothelial cell markers, variation in tissue pretreatment protocols, and nonstandardized counting methods. We have assessed the IMD in 106 breast carcinomas using a pan-endothelial marker, CD34, and a recently described mAb to CD105, which preferentially reacts with endothelial cell in angiogenic tissues. IMD values (separated as above or below median) for CD105 expression showed a statistically significant correlation with overall (P = 0.0029) and disease-free survival (P = 0.0362). In contrast, blood vessel counts using a panendothelial marker CD34 did not correlate with overall or disease-free survival (P = 0.2912 and P = 03153, respectively). When IMD values were subdivided into quartiles and assessed for their prognostic values, there was a statistically significant difference in the overall survival across CD105, but not CD34, values (P = 0.0017 and P = 0.7997, respectively) and also disease-free survival (P = 0.0431 and P = 0.5066, respectively). Further analysis of IMD values demonstrated that there were no deaths in the lowest quartile for CD105 and it differed from the other three quartiles. However, examination of clinical details of patients in the lowest quartile failed to reveal clustering of patients known to be associated with low-risk factors. Multivariate analysis confirmed that IMD values using CD105 were an independent prognostic factor. These results suggest that the ability to quantitatively distinguish between tumor neovascularization and preexisting vessels may be important in the assessment of tumor angiogenesis, but requires confirmation in a greater number of patients with a longer follow-up.Cancer Research 03/1999; 59(4):856-61. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is thought to be an important factor for tumour growth and metastatic spread, and microvessel counts may provide useful prognostic information for several tumour types. To investigate the prognostic impact of angiogenesis in endometrial carcinoma patients, the intratumour microvessel density, which was determined immunohistochemically, has been related to survival. Sixty patients with endometrial carcinoma with long (median 19 years) and complete follow-up have been studied. Patients with increased mean microvessel density (MVDmean > 68 mm2) had a significantly shorter 5-year survival compared with the rest (57% vs 90%, P = 0.004). In multivariate survival analyses, MVDmean had an independent prognostic impact (P = 0.03) when FIGO stage, histological type, histological grade as well as nuclear p53 protein expression was adjusted for. These findings indicate that intratumour microvessel density may contribute additional prognostic information to that obtained from the known risk factors and may be helpful in identifying endometrial carcinoma patients at high risk for disease progression.British Journal of Cancer 04/1998; 77(7):1140-4. · 5.08 Impact Factor
Article: CD 105 and angiogenesis.The Journal of Pathology 05/1996; 178(4):363-6. · 7.59 Impact Factor