Article

Production of soluble and functional engineered antibodies in Escherichia coli improved by FkpA.

Academia Sinica, Beijing, China.
BioTechniques (Impact Factor: 2.75). 12/2003; 35(5):1032-8, 1041-2.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Overproduction of genetically engineered antibodies, such as single-chain antibodies (scAbs) in Escherichia coli often results in insoluble and inactive products known as inclusion bodies. We now report that fusion or co-expression of FkpA, the E. coli periplasmic peptidyl-prolyl-isomerase with chaperone activity, substantially improves soluble and functional expression of scAbs. Anti-human bladder carcinoma scAb (PG) and anti-human CD3 x anti-human ovarian carcinoma-bispecific scAb (BH1) were fused with FkpA on the pTMF-based plasmid and expressed in E. coli. More than half of the amount of each expressed fusion protein FkpA-PG or FkpA-BH1 was soluble. In addition, the fusion protein cellulose-binding domain from Cellulomonas fimi (CBD)-PG and anti-human CD3 x anti-human CD28 x anti-human ovarian carcinoma-trispecific scAb (TRI) fused to the pelB (a signal peptide from pectate lysase B of a Bacillus sp.) signal sequence were co-expressed with FkpA under the control of the T7 promoter. A substantial portion of the co-expressed CBD-PG or TRI was soluble. Furthermore, PG, BH1, and TRI were biologically active as judged by ELISA and in vitro cytotoxicity assay. These results suggest that overexpression of FkpA should be useful in expressing heterologous proteins in E. coli.

1 Follower
 · 
112 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The bacterial twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway is well known to translocate correctly folded monomeric and dimeric proteins across the tightly sealed cytoplasmic membrane. We identified a naturally occurring heterotrimer, the Escherichia coli aldehyde oxidoreductase PaoABC, that is co-translocated by the Tat translocase according to a ternary "hitchhiker" mechanism. Specifically, the PaoB and PaoC subunits, each devoid of export signals, are escorted to the periplasm in a piggyback fashion by the Tat signal peptide-containing subunit PaoA. Moreover, export of PaoA was blocked when either PaoB or PaoC was absent, revealing a surprising interdependence for export that is not seen for classical secretory proteins. Inspired by this observation, we created a bacterial three-hybrid selection system that links the formation of ternary protein complexes with antibiotic resistance. As proof-of-concept, a bispecific antibody was employed as an adaptor that physically crosslinked one antigen fused to a Tat export signal with a second antigen fused to TEM-1 β-lactamase (Bla). The resulting non-covalent heterotrimer was exported in a Tat-dependent manner, delivering Bla to the periplasm where it hydrolyzed β-lactam antibiotics. Collectively, these results highlight the remarkable flexibility of the Tat system and its potential for studying and engineering ternary protein interactions in living bacteria.
    Scientific Reports 12/2014; 4:7570. DOI:10.1038/srep07570 · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recombinant expression in Escherichia coli allows the simple, economical, and effective production of bioactive peptides. On the other hand, the production of native peptides, particularly those rich in disulfide bonds, is a major problem. Previous studies have reported that the use of carrier proteins for fusion expression can result in good peptide yields, but few are folded correctly. In this study, two transmembrane small proteins in E. coli, YoaJ and YkgR, which both orientate with their N-termini in cytoplasm and their C-termini in periplasm, were used for fusion expression. The recombinant production of two peptides, asteropsin A (ASPA) and β-defensin (BD), was induced in the periplasm of E. coli using a selected carrier protein. Both peptides were expressed at high levels, at yields of approximately 5-10 mg/L of culture. Mass spectrometry showed that the resulting peptide had the same molecular weight as their natural forms. After purification, single peaks were observed by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), demonstrating the absence of isoforms. Furthermore, cytoplasmically expressed fusion proteins with a carrier at their C-termini did not contain disulfide bonds. This study provides new carrier proteins for fusion expression of disulfide bond-rich peptides in E. coli.
    Amino Acids 12/2014; 47(3). DOI:10.1007/s00726-014-1892-y · 3.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: More than one fifth of the proteins encoded by the genome of Escherichia coli are destined to the bacterial cell envelope. Over the past 20years, the mechanisms by which envelope proteins reach their three-dimensional structure have been intensively studied, leading to the discovery of an intricate network of periplasmic folding helpers whose members have distinct but complementary roles. For instance, the correct assembly of ß-barrel proteins containing disulfide bonds depends both on chaperones like SurA and Skp for transport across the periplasm and on protein folding catalysts like DsbA and DsbC for disulfide bond formation. In this review, we provide an overview of the current knowledge about the complex network of protein folding helpers present in the periplasm of E. coli and highlight the questions that remain unsolved. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Protein trafficking.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 11/2013; 1843(8). DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2013.10.014 · 4.66 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
3 Downloads
Available from