Prevalence and progression of mitochondrial diseases: a study of 50 patients.

Department of Neurology, La Paz Hospital, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain.
Muscle & Nerve (Impact Factor: 2.31). 12/2003; 28(6):690-5. DOI: 10.1002/mus.10507
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report 50 patients with various clinical phenotypes of mitochondrial disease studied over the past 10 years in a large urban area (Madrid Health Area 5). The clinical phenotypes showed a large variety of abnormalities in molecular biology and biochemistry. The prevalence of mitochondrial diseases was found to be 5.7 per 100,000 in the population over 14 years of age. Clinical and electrophysiological assessment reveal signs of neuropathy in 10 patients. Electromyographic findings consistent with myopathy were obtained in 37 cases. Six patients died of medical complications. Disease phenotype influenced survival to some degree (P < 0.01). Age of onset and gender were not associated with differences in survival. Mitochondrial disease is thus far more common than expected and a common cause of chronic morbidity.

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a relatively common mitochondrial disorder. Weakness of the extra-ocular, limb girdle and laryngeal muscles are established clinical features. Respiratory muscle involvement however has never been studied systematically, even though respiratory complications are one of the main causes of death. We therefore determined the prevalence and nature of respiratory muscle involvement in 23 patients with genetically confirmed CPEO. The main finding was decreased respiratory muscle strength, both expiratory (76.8% of predicted, p = 0.002) and inspiratory (79.5% of predicted, p = 0.004). Although the inspiratory vital capacity (92.5% of predicted, p = 0.021) and the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (89.3% of predicted, p = 0.002) were below predicted values, both were still within the normal range in the majority of patients. Expiratory weakness was associated with a decreased vital capacity (ρ = 0.502, p = 0.015) and decreased peak expiratory flow (ρ = 0.422, p = 0.045). Moreover, expiratory muscle strength was lower in patients with limb girdle weakness (62.6 ± 26.1% of predicted vs. 98.9 ± 22.5% in patients with normal limb girdle strength, p = 0.003), but was not associated with other clinical features, subjective respiratory complaints, disease severity or disease duration. Since respiratory involvement in CPEO is associated with severe morbidity and mortality, the present data justify periodic assessment of respiratory functions in all CPEO patients.
    Journal of Neurology 05/2011; 258(11):2020-5. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We determined the extent of disease impact in 28 patients with genetically confirmed chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) and compared the outcomes to those of matched myotonic dystrophy type I patients. CPEO patients reported a high frequency of severe fatigue (67.9%), pain (96.2%), depression (32.1%) and dependency in daily life (46.4%). The frequency and extent of depression were significantly higher than in DM1 patients (32.1% vs. 7.1%, p=0.040; mean Beck's depression inventory for primary care score 3.8±3.5 vs. 1.3±1.4, p=0.001), as were fatigue severity, pain intensity and extent of functional impairments. CPEO patients with polymerase gamma-1 mutations reported more functional impairments than those with mitochondrial DNA mutations. Disease impact was however not influenced by most clinical features. The present results help physicians to identify and to treat the factors that influence quality of life in CPEO patients and to provide symptomatic treatment where needed.
    Neuromuscular Disorders 01/2011; 21(4):272-8. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    10/2010: pages 88-94; , ISBN: 978-84-614-3808-2