Growth Hormone Response to Guanfacine in Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Study

Department of Psychology, Queens College of the City University of New York, New York, New York 11367, USA.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.93). 02/2003; 13(3):283-94. DOI: 10.1089/104454603322572615
Source: PubMed


This preliminary study evaluated a method for assessing central noradrenergic function in children via the growth hormone response to a single dose of the alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist guanfacine and examined whether this measure distinguishes between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) boys with and without reading disabilities (RD).
Plasma growth hormone was assessed before and after the oral administration of guanfacine and placebo in boys with ADHD who were divided into subgroups based on the presence (n = 3) or absence (n = 5) of RD.
Guanfacine and placebo conditions did not differ at baseline, but peak growth hormone was significantly higher following guanfacine. The increase in growth hormone following guanfacine was significantly greater in boys without RD as compared to those with RD, with no overlap between the groups.
Consistent with findings using peripheral measures of noradrenergic function, these preliminary data suggest that ADHD boys with and without RD may differ in central noradrenergic function.

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