Comparative study of the uterotrophic potency of 14 chemicals in a uterotrophic assay and their receptor-binding affinity.
ABSTRACT We performed an immature rat uterotrophic assay of 14 chemicals having various receptor-binding affinities in order to assess the relationship between their uterotrophic potency and receptor-binding affinity. The chemicals tested were phthalic acid di-n-hexyl ester, phthalic acid di-n-amyl ester, phthalic acid di-n-propyl ester, 2-ethylhexyl-p-hydroxybenzoate, 4,4'-biphenol, 4,4'-sulfonyldiphenol, 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylmethane, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone, 4,4'-cyclohexylidenebisphenol, 4-t-butylpyrocatechol, clomiphene citrate, 4,4'-(1,3-phenylenediisopropylidene)bisphenol, p-t-butylphenol, and diallylterephthlate. Two of the 14 chemicals, phthalic acid di-n-propyl ester and diallylterephthlate, exhibited no receptor-binding affinity, and the receptor-binding affinity of phthalic acid di-n-hexyl ester and phthalic acid di-n-amyl ester was lower than that of the other chemicals. Ten of the chemicals showed uterotrophic potency, the exceptions being phthalic acid di-n-propyl ester, diallylterephthlate, phthalic acid di-n-hexyl ester, and phthalic acid di-n-amyl ester. The results of the present study demonstrate that the affinity of the chemicals in the receptor-binding assay correlated well with their potency in the uterotrophic assay except for a few chemicals with very low receptor-binding affinity.
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ABSTRACT: The pervasiveness of chemicals in the environment with estrogenic activity and other biological functions recommends the development of new approaches to monitor and study them. Chemicals can be screened for activity in vitro using a panel of human or animal cells that have been transfected with a specific receptor and reporter gene; for example, the estrogen receptor. By using a variety of different receptors, the screening of xenobiotics for biological functions can be broad. Chemicals could then be classified by their function in vitro which, in some cases, may be a useful guide for toxicological studies.Environmental Health Perspectives 11/1993; 101(5):386-7. · 7.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One of the urgent tasks in understanding endocrine disrupters (EDs) is to compile a list of suspected substances among the huge number of chemicals by using the screening test method. We developed a simple and rapid screening method using the yeast two-hybrid system based on the ligand-dependent interaction of nuclear hormone receptors with coactivators. To date, we have tested the estrogenic activity of more than 500 chemicals including natural substances, medicines, pesticides, and industrial chemicals. 64 compounds were evaluated as positive, and most of these demonstrated a common structure, phenol with a hydrophobic moiety at the para-position without bulky groups at the ortho-position. These results are expected to facilitate further risk assessment of chemicals.Journal of Health Science. 01/2000; 46(4):282-298.
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ABSTRACT: We performed a reporter gene assay for estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha agonists and antagonists of 10 chemicals that showed both estrogen agonistic and reduced the estrogenic effect of ethinyl estradiol in a rat uterotrophic assay. The chemicals tested by the immature uterotrophic assay were p-(tert-pentyl)phenol, 4,4'-thiobis-phenol, 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphenol, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-n-pentane, 4,4'-(octahydro-4,7-methano-5H-inden-5-ylidene)bisphenol, 4-(phenylmethyl)phenol, 4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone, 2,2',4,4'-tetrahydroxybenzophenone, 4-hydroxybenzophenone and 2,4,4'-trihydroxybenzophenone. Although all chemicals examined in this study were positive in the reporter gene assay for ER-alpha agonists, 4,4'-(octahydro-4,7-methano-5H-inden-5-ylidene)bisphenol was only positive in the reporter gene assay for ER-alpha antagonists. These findings demonstrate that results of the reporter gene assay for ER-alpha agonists correlated well with those of the uterotrophic assay, but antagonistic change of 9 of 10 chemicals in the uterotrophic assay was not detected by the reporter gene assay for ER-alpha antagonists.Toxicology Letters 05/2003; 142(1-2):119-31. · 3.15 Impact Factor