The current surveillance strategies for patients with a Barrett's oesophagus are hampered by the poor endoscopic visibility of early neoplastic lesions, the sampling error of random biopsies, the subjectivity of the histological evaluation, and the low incidence of carcinoma. New endoscopic techniques are available for a more reliable evaluation of a Barrett's oesophagus: high-resolution endoscopy, chromoendoscopy, fluorescence endoscopy and optical coherence tomography. The use of molecular markers will probably lead to a better risk stratification of patients. Detection of aneuploid cell populations and assessment of an increase of the number of cells in the S- and G2-phase are possible with DNA flow cytometry; flow cytometric abnormalities may be a more reliable predictor of carcinoma than histological assessment. A combined approach with the new endoscopic techniques and molecular markers may lead to a more efficient and cost-effective surveillance programme.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine outcomes in patients undergoing esophageal resection for adenocarcinoma at our institution during a 20-year period and, in particular, to address temporal trends in long-term survival.
Out of 470 patients who underwent esophagectomy for malignancy between September 1985 and September 2005, a total number of 175 patients presented with esophageal adenocarcinoma. Patients enrolled in this study included AEG (adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction) type I tumors only. Time trends were studied comparing two decades, 9/1985 to 9/1995 (DI) and 10/1995 to 9/2005 (DII).
The overall survival was significantly more favourable in patients undergoing esophageal resection for adenocarcinoma in the recent time period (DII, 10/1995 to 9/2005) as compared to the early time period (DI, 9/1985 to 9/1995) (log rank test: p = 0.0329). Significant differences in the recent decade were seen based on lower ASA-classifications, earlier tumor stages, and the operative procedure with a higher frequency of transhiatal resections (p < 0.05). 30-day mortality improved from 8.3% to 3.1% during the 20-year time-interval, thus without statistical significance.
Based on our experience, overall survival is improving over time for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. Factors that may play an important role in this trend include early diagnosis and improved patient selection through better preoperative staging, improved surgical technique with a tailored approach carefully evaluated by physiologic patient status, comorbidity and tumor extent.
BMC Cancer 06/2007; 7(1):114. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-7-114 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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