[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 15th reported case of isolated renal mucormycosis (infection of the kidney with fungus of the order Mucorales, in the absence of infection elsewhere in the body) is presented. The patient was a 36-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-infected man, actively using iv drugs, who suffered 6 wk of flank pain and fever before diagnosis was made by percutaneous renal biopsy. He received 4 months of amphotericin B treatment, then no therapy for 6 months before dying with no evidence of mucormycosis. Isolated renal mucormycosis should be suspected in those with an underlying immunocompromising illness or history of iv drug use who have persistent flank pain and fever, but sterile urine cultures. Computed tomographic scanning with contrast should then be performed; findings of severe inflammation or bacterial infection, despite an indolent clinical course with sterile or nondiagnostic urine and blood cultures, are suggestive of isolated renal mucormycosis, and renal biopsy under computed tomographic guidance should be performed, despite the potential risk of disseminated infection. Although our patient was treated with amphotericin B alone, nephrectomy with or without amphotericin B therapy appears to be more likely to cure infection and relieve pain and constitutional symptoms.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 07/1995; 5(12):2014-9. · 8.99 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mucormycosis is a rare fungal disease commonly affecting individuals with diabetes mellitus, hematological malignancy, and immune deficiency. Isolated pulmonary mucormycosis is extremely rare. This article reports a case of isolated pulmonary mucormycosis that presented as a solitary cavity infiltrate in a patient with no underlying risk factors.
Journal of the National Medical Association 09/1995; 87(8):572-4. · 0.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isolated renal involvement by mucormycosis has been reported rarely in immunocompromised individuals. We describe four patients with mucormycosis confined to the kidneys, three of whom did not exhibit any predisposing factors. Only one patient had acute viral hepatitis with fulminant hepatic failure as the preceding disease. Two patients presented with oliguric renal failure of undetermined etiology and investigations revealed bilateral extensive involvement of the kidneys. Computerized tomography showed diffuse enlargement of the kidneys and multiple low-density areas. Treatment included systemic amphotericin B therapy in all four patients and nephrectomy in three patients. Two patients recovered completely. Our experience emphasizes the need for a high index of suspicion and recognition of computed tomographic scan appearances for making a prompt diagnosis. Early surgical intervention and systemic antifungal therapy are necessary for survival in this life-threatening condition.
American Journal of Kidney Diseases 10/1993; 22(3):393-7. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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